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A to Z of Essay Writing

Are you intimidated about writing interesting essays? Well, there are some basic rules on how to write an essay so as to express one’s side of the argument, experiences, stories, etc. The word ‘essay’ has been derived from the Latin word ‘exagium’, meaning the ‘presentation of a case.’ Essay writing in English is basically making a case for the validity of a particular point of view, analysis, interpretation, or set of facts or procedures pertaining to the essay topics. Correct selection, critical evaluation, organization, and presentation of these facts are key to engrossing essay writing.

Types of English Essays

Depending on what the writer wants to convey to his reader, essays can be classified into the following types:

  1. Narrative Essays: Here the writer narrates a real-life incident on a story in the first person. The purpose is to make the reader feel present in the scenario described by the writer.

  2. Descriptive Essays: The writer here describes a memory, a place, an object, or an event such as to evoke the senses of the reader. The idea is to give the reader the essence of the emotion felt by the writer.

  3. Expository Essays: These essays are completely based on facts, statistics, examples, etc that the writer has acquired through extensive study and research. They are mainly thesis and have sub-types like contrast essays, cause and effect essays, etc.

  4. Persuasive Essays: These essays not only present facts but also persuade the reader to agree to the writer’s point of view. These are more like written debates where the writer’s arguments hold the cornerstone.

English Essay Format

Are you looking for an answer to the question of “how to write an essay?” Well, while writing on easy essay topics, the below format should be followed:

  1. Introduction: It is the introductory paragraph of an English essay where the writer gets creative to hook the reader to the rest of the article. It is a compact synopsis of the topic consisting of four to six lines. 

  2. Body: If an essay is a grilled cheese sandwich, the cheese is the body. So, it is significant that a writer maintains a systematic flow while presenting the series of incidents or a place or maybe even an argument. There may be more than one paragraph just like layers of sandwich, but there must be continuity to it.

  3. Conclusion: May it be a short essay or a long one, this part ends it all and is extremely crucial to leave no hanging threads in the easy.  A good conclusion helps a writer to put a strong impression of his or her opinion on the readers’ minds.

Essay Topic List

In general, the variety of English essay topics are:

  • Schools, Examinations

  • Personalities we come across

  • Festivals, Functions, and Events

  • Daily Incidents, Scenes, and Journeys

  • Nature

  • Relationships

  • About Myself

  • Visits/Monuments/Cities

  • Sports, Health and Fitness

  • Holidays

  • Environmental and Social Awareness

  • Science and Technologies

  • National Essays

  • Current Affairs

  • Essay on Proverbs

  • Educational and Moral value Essays

Some simple essay topics pertaining to school level current essay topics are:-

  • A Scene in the Examination Hall

  • A Festival

  • Annual Day Function

  • My Ambition in Life

  • Importance of Family

  • A Visit to a Historical Monument

  • My Favorite City

  • A Journey to a Hill Station/ Beach

  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Mobile Phones

  • India- A Land of Diversity

  • Where There is a Will There's a Way

  • My Role Model

  • Autobiographies

  • Biography of a Leader

  • Right to Education

Some essay topics for college students are:

  • How “fake news” changes Political and Social Life?

  • Socio-economic impact of a Global Pandemic

  • Communism vs. Capitalism

  • Effects of Technological Development on Mankind

  • Importance of Health Sector 

During exams, brainstorming a few minutes to frame the chronological idea of arguments can save you from a haphazard representation of the topic. As the proverb goes, “a stitch in time saves nine”, prior practice and through proofing can do wonders in your English essay. 

Short English Essay

English Essay

Certain essay writing topics in English may be tough but it is not rocket science. Proper chronology and expressive writing can help the writer draw the readers’ attention to a great extent. 

Main Types of English Essays

  • Narrative

  • Descriptive

  • Expository

  • Persuasive 

In order to write a simple essay in English, one needs to follow the following format:


  • Synopsis of the Topic

  • Attention-grabbing 

  • Four to Six Lines


  • Chronological Lists of Arguments

  • Systematic Flow

  • One Paragraph or more


  • Rephrasing the main Topic and Subtopics

  • Global Statement or Call to Action

Best Essay Topics

  • Importance of Family

  • A Visit to a Historical Monument

  • Life after a Pandemic Breakout

  • Importance of Mangroves

  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Mobile Phones

  • India- A Land of Diversity

  • Effects of Technological Development on the Environment

  • Importance of the Health Sector in the Progress of the Country

Practice more with versatile vocabulary to ace English essay writing.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is an Essay?

Ans. An essay is a form of writing where the writer shares his or her experience, ideas, observations, and arguments about an incident, person, people, or issues.

2. How to write an engrossing Essay?

Ans. The basic steps to write an interesting essay are:

  • Brainstorm to generate multiple potential ideas

  • Write down every idea you think of

  • Include variations in vocabulary

  • Proofread your essay thoroughly

  • Practice more to make it perfect

3. What are some of the important current Essay Topics?

Ans. A current essay topics list looks something like this:

  • Environmental Awareness

  • Renewable Energy

  • Socio-economic effects of a Global Pandemic

  • Effect of Technology on Young Minds 

  • Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

  • Urban vs. Rural Lifestyle