To understand the significance and the importance of the Ambedkar Jayanti, it is very important to understand and learn from the life of Dr. B R Ambedtkar. It is very important to learn and understand how a small Dalit boy who was discriminated against because of his cast went on to become the architect of the Indian constitution. This Ambedkar Jayanti essay will help the reader to understand the importance of Ambedkar Jayanti.
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Since 2015, Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated all across the country on 14 April to celebrate the life of Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar. On this special day, we remember the sacrifices and the contributions done by Dr. B R Ambedkar towards society. Dr. B R Ambedkar was born as a Dalit and since his childhood, he had faced discrimination and cruelty from people because of his class. Been a victim of the discrimination he faced by the people only because he was from Dalit made him realizes the pitiful situation the Dalits were in. Since then Dr. B R Ambedtkar has helped the Dalits in a bigger way. The minorities also consider him as a god because of his unmeasurable contribution to the community.
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar also known as Baba Saheb Ambedkar was born on April 14, 1891, at Mhow in Madhya Pradesh, India. Ramji Makoji Sakpal was his father who was an army officer in the British Indian army. Bhimabai Sakpal was his mother.Dr. B.R.Ambedkar was the fourteenth son of his father and was the smartest. His family was from the town of Ambadwade and they were of Marathi background.
Ambedkar was born a Dalit and so during that time, he was treated as an untouchable kid. He was a victim of regular social and economic discrimination. Ambedkar loved to attend school but because of him being a Dalit he was treated very poorly. It was worst when he attended school, due to him being a Dalit he was not allowed to sit with other students in the class. He and other kids used to listen and learn what the teacher taught by sitting near the window. He was not even allowed to eat with other students in the class and the situation was soo bad that he was not even allowed to touch the tap to drink water. He used to ask the peon to open the tap to drink. Ambedkar had written his schooldays experience in an article by the name “No peon no water”.
Off all his brothers and sisters Ambedkar was the only one who passed his primary school examination and went to high schools. This was at that time considered as a big moment as Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar was one of the first Dalits to complete his higher education. Seeing his interest in studies his Brahmin high school teacher changed his surname from Ambadawekar which was given by his father to Ambedkar in records. Seeing all the discrimination against the Dalits made him determined to study even further.
Ambedkar was a good student who had a keen interest in studying which led him to achieve degrees in political science, law, and economics. His determination and his struggle made led him to even earn a doctorate from both Lindioan University and Columbia University of London. He gained a reputation as a scholar because of his interest in law and political science. In his early carrier, he was an economist, editor, professor, and activist who was strictly against discrimination against minorities.
Dr. B R Ambedtkar was the only untouchable to get enrolled at the Elphinstone High School in 1897. In 1912, Ambedkar obtained a degree in political science and economics from the Bombay University, and seeing his interest, the government of the state of Baroda also employed him in 1912.
In 1913, Ambedkar moved to the United States as he was awarded a Borado State Scholarship of 11.50 pounds per month for three years under the scheme established by Sayajirao Gaekwad III. He was only 22 years old when he became a recipient of the scholarship. In 1915, Ambedkar did his majors in Economics, sociology, historY, Anthropology, and Philosophy. Ambedkar completed his thesis on National Dividend of India-A Historic and Analytical study for his M.A.In the same year, Ambedkar presented a paper on the Caste in India: Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development which was widely praised by many.
Ambedkar was able to complete his master’s degree in 1917 and even wrote a thesis on “The problem of rupee-its origin and solution” which was appreciated by many for its research.
Dr. B.R Ambedtkar had contributed a lot to our country. He was a leading reformer and an activist who dedicated his entire life to the betterment of the Dalits and other socially backward classes in India. He always fought against the discrimination which happened on Dalits. He played a major role in forming new laws in the support of Dalits and provided an educational opportunity and also the right to have equal rights.
Despite been a Dalit he faced all odds and completed college and received a doctorate in economics from London University. After helping the Dalits he went on and participated in the freedom fight and he played a major role in making India, independent. After India got Independence he was appointed as the chairman of the drafting committee for the constitution which resulted in forming India’s constitution.
Dr. BR Ambedtkar has also contributed towards Indian law and Education. He also entered politics and formed a party by the name ’Independent Labour party’ which campaigned in the Bombay elections of 1935. He went on to become the first law minister of India and also framed the constitution for which he is known as the ‘Architect of the Indian constitution.’
Full name of B R Ambedtakar is Bhimrao Ramji Ambedtkar and he was born on April 14,1891. Ambedkar was the 14th child of his father, Ramji Makoji Sakpal, and his mother, Bhimabai Sakpal. He was the only child who completed higher education. In 1897, Ambedkar became the only untouchable to get enrolled at the Elphinstone High School.
Ambedkar went on and completed his high school and even got a doctorate in economics from London University. Ambedkar faced a lot of discrimination as he was born a Dalit. The situation of the backward classes in society was very pitiful during that time. He was called untouchable and was not allowed to sit or eat with other kids when he went to school.
Dr. BR Ambedtkar went on and became a social reformer and an activist who fought against the discrimination done against the Dalits. In 1935, he published books such as ‘The Annihilation of Caste’ which questioned orthodox Hindu beliefs, and the very next year he published another controversial book by the name ‘Who Were the Shudras?’ in which he explained how the untouchables were formed.
Dr. BR Ambedtkar’s dedication towards the work earned him the chair of India's first law minister. After India got Independence in 1947, he was chosen to frame the Indian constitution and was appointed as the chairman of the drafting committee of the constitution. In the year1956, Dr. BR Ambedtkar turned to Buddhism, as he considered it to be the most scientific religion’.Within 2 months of the conversion anniversary, he died in 1956.
In this paragraph on Ambedkar Jayanti, we are going to summarize the life of Dr. B R Ambedkar. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar popularly known as Baba Saheb, was a politician, activist, economist, writer, editor, and jurist. He was a Dalit boy who was subject to caste discrimination. During his school days, he was not allowed to sit and eat with another student. Seeing the discrimination he faced based on caste led him to understand the world at a younger age. His story is the best example of determination and showcases how education can change the fortune of anyone. A child who was subject to caste discrimination went on to become a man who was the architect of Independent India’s constitution.
Q1. Write One Significant Contribution of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar.
Ans. Dr. B. R Ambedtkar helped Dalits to get equal authority, status, and respect in society as others. Dr. Ambedkar is also one of the greatest leaders in India History. He was a popular freedom fighter and was also the architect of the Indian constitution.