Taj Mahal Essay

Essay on Taj Mahal


Taj Mahal is one of the most famous architectural wonders of the world. It is also listed as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It is no surprise that thousands of people from across the world come attracted by the beauty of this monument, all year round. This monument is located in the City of Agra on the bank of River Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh, India. Taj Mahal is seen as one of the prime examples of the excellence in Mughal architecture.

Why Taj Mahal is Famous

Taj Mahal is one of those monuments whose ethereal beauty and architectural finesse remains unparalleled for ages. For some people, it is this beauty of the tomb that attracts them to the monument, for the others, it is the story behind the construction of the Taj Mahal that appeals the most to them. This ancient monument stands proudly as the symbol of love between the then emperor and his queen. It is seen as the epitome of the love and inspires people from all over the world to come witness its grandeur for generation after generation.

A Brief History of Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal was constructed under the reign and guidance of the famous Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. This monument was built as on ode to his beautiful wife Mumtaz mahal and the love between them. The construction of Taj Mahal started in the year of 1632. It took approximately 20,000 workers to work relentlessly for almost 20 years to finish the entire construction.

After the death of his beloved wife, Shah Jahan decided to build a monument that will bear witness to his dedication to their love. He called on all of the finest artisans from all over the country to build the Taj Mahal. He wanted the Taj Mahal to be unlike any monument ever built; he wanted it to be unique. The emperor planned this monument to be his last gift to his wife. Under the tomb of the Taj Mahal, the Empress remains buried. Emperor Shah Jahan, too, was later buried at the same place beside Mumtaz Mahal. 

The Architecture 

In 1983, UNESCO declared Taj Mahal as a Heritage Site. The structure of the tomb is made from the finest white marble. Marble imported from a number of countries all over the world was used in its construction. Before finalizing the design of Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan extensively went through a number of designs and rejected many more. The walls of the monument are meticulously engraved with precious gem stones. 

The design of Taj Mahal involves traits of smart architecture. Each of the four pillars around the main tomb has a separate name to itself. This was planned to prevent the monument from being damaged by natural disasters. The architectural style of Taj Mahal combines the features of Persian, Turkish, Indian and many other architectural styles.

Apart from the main building, there are many things to admire in and around Taj Mahal. Leading the way to the marble tomb is a beautiful fountain with a number of water channels. The reflection of the building on the water adds a different level to the serenity of the monument. The Taj Mahal looks magical on a full-moon night. 


Taj Mahal is the pride of Indian architecture. Every year, around 2-4 million people come to visit this monument. Currently, a number of measures are being taken by the government to save its beauty from the harmful effects of pollution.