Baisakhi - Long and Short Essay

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Essay on Baisakhi

Baisakhi, also known as Vaisakhi, is a festival of the Sikh community, and is celebrated across the world. Students studying in class 5 and above can refer to the Baisakhi essay in English given below. This essay on Baisakhi in English is written in a simple way for an easy learning of young students. After going through the points in the below-given essay, students will be able to write a Baisakhi festival essay in English in their own words.

Long Essay on Baisakhi

Baisakhi is one of the notable festivals of the Hindu-Sikh community. Around the 13th and 14th of April every year the Baisakhi festival is celebrated in India, with great fervor, in the state of Punjab. It is celebrated on the 13th of April in most years, and is celebrated on the 14th of April only once in 36 years. It is known to be one of the most important festivals in Punjab and Haryana. It is popular in different names in different regions of the country. For example, in Assam it is called Rongali Bihu, in West Bengal it is called Poila Baisakh, in Bihar, it is known as Vaisakha, in Kerala Vishu, and in Tamil Nadu, it’s called Puthandu. 

Our country is an agricultural country. The economy of India depends on the farmers in a big way. Baisakhi is a festival for the farmers in the country. It is a festival that marks the harvesting of the first Rabi crop or the summer crop. On this day the sound of “Jattaaayi Baisakhi” echoes in the sky.  

Baisakhi is also celebrated in the other parts of the world like Canada, home to a large Sikh community where they participate in the Nagar kirtans, Pakistan which is home to some Sikhs, and Manhattan in the US observes the festival of Baisakhi with utmost zeal and enthusiasm. The Sikh community even serves free food to the local people there. London is known to have the largest Sikh community in the United Kingdom. Birmingham City Council helps with the coordination to hold Nagar kirtans in South Hall. Thousands are attracted by this, who eventually help the community celebrate Baisakhi in their own way.

One of the other major reasons for remembering Baisakhi is the execution of Guru Tegh Bahadur. He was executed for not giving in to the demand of Aurangzeb, the Mughal Emperor, to convert into Islam. Thus, the tenth Sikh Guru was coronated and the Khalsa Panth was formed. The ripening of the Rabi crop and its first harvest is marked by the festival. Baisakhi is also considered as the Sikh new year. People wish each other a happy and prosperous new year with the harvested crops that is in abundance.

Flowers and lights are used to decorate the Gurudwaras gorgeously. Nagar kirtans are organized. Processions are organized to spread love and peace among the people. On this auspicious day, in the morning, people get all dressed up in new clothes to offer their prayers and arrange and participate in Langars. Community fairs are organized and people enjoy the delicious Punjabi cuisine at the stalls there. They love the traditional lassi, Chhole Bhature, Kadhai Chicken, etc. The community members make a bonfire at night and dance Bhangra, Punjabi folk dances, or gidda. The naggadaas and dhol add on to the zeal of Baisakhi.

In 1699, on the day of Baisakhi, Guru Gobind Singh called the Sikhs from all over the country to the Anandpur Sahib city. Guru asked the Sikhs to support their faith and preserve their own religion. After that Guru Gobind Singh drew out his sword and asked for anyone who would give his life for his faith to win. After a big silence, one of the Sikhs followed the Guru. Then Guru appeared again with blood on his sword and asked the same question again. This was repeated until there were five volunteers. At last, Guru came out with five men in blue coloured dress and called them Panj Pyare, meaning the Five Beloved Ones. In a ceremony called Pahul, the Panj Pyaare were baptized. Later the Panj Pyare baptized Guru. Guru Gobind Singh said Panj Pyare is the holiest of the holy. Also, to do away with the discrimination based on caste, Guru made all Sikh men’s surname Singh and that of the women’s Kaur. Singh means Lion and Kaur represents princess. 


Short Essay on Baisakhi

Every year, the Baisakhi festival is celebrated in the month of April. Baisakhi is majorly a festival of the Hindu-Sikh people but the ones following Islam could also actively be a part of the celebrations. Baisakhi is not a festival only to mark the Sikh new year or the first harvest, but it also marks the last Khalsa organized by Guru Gobind Singh in 1966.

Some of the holy activities of Baisakhi celebrations are the reading of the Guru Granth Sahib in the gurudwaras and the distribution of Karah Prasad and the Langar among the devotees after they are offered to the Guru. Fairs are organized on Baisakhi and the Bhangra and Gidda dances with the pomp of the Punjabi dhols add to the fun and frolic of the festival celebration.


The Sikhs are popular for their loveable nature. The festival of Baisakhi is celebrated by different communities for various reasons, in spite of which the main motive behind the festival stays the same. The idea at the core of this festival is to pray, socialize, and enjoy good food. People are joyful and excited on this day. Baisakhi has a dedication for spreading harmony, peace, and love and to socialize within the community and outside of the community.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. What is the significance of Baisakhi?

A1. Baisakhi marks the Punjabi new year. The farmers harvest the first Rabi crop of the season and pray for abundant harvest and prosperity.

Q2. What are the traditional food items enjoyed on Baisakhi?

A2. The traditional spread of food items on Baisakhi includes meethi chawal, kadhi, kheer, Chhole bhature, Sarson da saag, Pindi chana, etc.

Q3.  Are the Baisakhi fairs still being held?

A3. Yes. The local people enjoy a great deal at these fairs.