Bhagat Singh was one of the foremost heroes of the freedom struggle who sacrificed his life happily for the sake of his country. His heart was soaked in patriotism from a very tender age. He brought a revolution in the national movement against the British rule. He was a prominent freedom fighter and inspired the youth to join the freedom fight against the British.
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Bhagat Singh was born on September 28, 1907, in the district of Lyallpur in Punjab which is now in Pakistan. He was the third son of Sardar Kishan who was a revolutionary himself and Vidywati. His father was in jail when Bhagat Singh was born. He was a very good student when he was young and very friendly by nature. Upon being asked what he wanted to be when he grew up, he said he would drive the British out of India.
Bhagat Singh was very perturbed by the Jallianwala tragedy in the year 1912. He was only twelve years old then and the incident left a very deep scar in his heart. He brought home a bottle of mud-soaked in the blood of the victims and worshipped it. He was always attracted to socialism and he set his path for political revolutionaries, which no one even thought of. He was clear in his vision and he dedicated himself to accomplish his goals. He dropped out of school and took part in the Congress Movement. He actively supported the Swadeshi Movement. He would wear only Khadi and burn foreign clothes.
When Gandhiji withdrew the movement due to the Chauri Chaura incident, his faith in non-violence weakened. He started believing that the only way to drive the British out of the country would be through armed rebellion. He studied the lives of the revolutionaries of Ireland, Italy and Russia and was convinced of his belief.
He joined National College, which was patronized by great patriots like Lala Lajpat Rai. In the daytime, he would attend classes and in the evening he would discuss the revolution with his friends. He contacted the leader of Bengal revolutionary party, Sachindranath Sanyal to join his party. But he could join the party only in one condition that whenever required he should be ready to leave his home immediately. He agreed and left home in the wake of his impending marriage. He reached Kanpur and sold newspapers for a living. Ganesh Vidyarthi who was a revolutionary offered him a job at his periodical office.
He had to return home to attend to his sick grandmother. He supported Akali Dal’s meetings. He went to Lahore and became secretary of Naujawan Bharat Sabha. He was arrested as police suspected his hand in the Dussehra bombing case. He was bailed out by two wealthy men. After running his father’s diary for a while, he left for Delhi. Bhagat believed only in revolution to win freedom and so he joined Chandrasekhar Azad. He shaved his beard and kept short-cropped hair. Thereafter, he learnt to make bombs from Jatin Das at Kolkata. In Agra, they set-up a bomb factory. They continued with their activities even though they did not have enough money to eat.
In 1928, when Lala Lajpat Rai died in a Lathi charge, Bhagat Singh along with Rajguru shot at John Saunders, mistaking him as Scott, the police officer to avenge his death. In 1929, he and Bakuteshwar Dutt exploded a bomb at the Legislative Assembly Hall in Delhi and shouted slogans “Inquilab Zindabad” but they did not intend to hurt or kill anyone but to express the disagreement with the ordinance of Defense of Indian Act that was to be formulated. They surrendered themselves and they were sentenced to 116 days in jail.
In the jail, he witnessed discrimination between the European and Indian prisoners and led other prisoners in a hunger strike to protest against this. They demanded equality in food standards, clothing, etc. After a month’s strike, the British were forced to agree to their demands.
Finally, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were convicted of assassinating John Saunders and exploding the bomb at the Legislative Assembly Hall and the order of death sentence on 24th March 1931 was passed. But the schedule was preponed and they were hanged on 23rd march 1931 at 7:30 pm in the Lahore jail.
Even on the fateful day, they were fearless and competed with each other to be hanged first. While getting hanged, they chanted ‘Bharat Mata ki Jai’. This is how the fearless revolutionaries sacrificed their lives for the sake of their Motherland. That day, none of the prisoners ate food. Their bodies were secretly cremated on the banks of Sutlej.
Even today, Bhagat Singh is remembered for his dauntless spirit. He was the source of inspiration for the youth of the nation. His sacrifice and unflinching dedication to free his country from the British would be engraved in the golden words in the history of freedom struggle. The title ‘Shaheed’ was awarded to him for his fearless contribution towards freedom.
Q1. Describe Bhagat Singh.
Ans. Bhagat Singh was one of the foremost heroes of the freedom struggle. He was a revolutionary. He was very clear in his vision of driving the British out of the nation. He believed in armed rebellion and he thought that was the only way to drive them out. He never feared anything and when he was hanged in the Lahore Jail, he was very happy and chanted slogans before his death.
Q2. Who Taught Him to Make Bombs?
Ans. Jatin Das, a revolutionary in Kolkata taught him to make bombs.
Q3. Why was He Imprisoned?
Ans. He was imprisoned for 116 days because he killed a British officer along with other revolutionaries when Lala Lajpat Rai died due to a Lathi charge, he also exploded a bomb in the Legislative Assembly Hall in Delhi to express disagreement with the Defense Act of India.
Q4. Name Other Revolutionaries Who were Hanged along With Him.
Ans. The other revolutionaries who were hanged along with him are Sukhdev and Rajguru.