Through this essay on Article 370, one will learn how Article 370 of the Indian Constitution gave special status to Jammu and Kashmir, which is located in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent. This state has been administered by India since 1954.
The article is drafted in part XXI of the Constitution which is titled as "Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions". The Article 370 essay in English will give a clear overview of what actually Article 370 is?
The Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir after being established, has been given the power to recommend which articles of the Indian Constitution can be applied in the state and also to cancel the 370 all together. After being advised by the State Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir, a Presidential order was issued in 1954 that specified the articles which will get applied to the state. Through this Article 370 essay, one will learn how the Constituent Assembly didn't recommend cancellation of Article 370 before it got dissolved. As a result, the article was deemed to become a permanent feature of the Indian Constitution.
The Article 370 in English essay explains how Article 370 was incorporated to keep the residents of Jammu and Kashmir under a law that is different from the rest of the Country. The different laws include those relating to citizenship rights, ownership of property rights, and different fundamental rights. Due to these separate laws, Indians from other states were forbidden to buy any land or property in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
While the Indian Government was planning out the Constitution of India, they requested the advice of each and every state on the number of constitutions to be incorporated. All the states agreed to have one Constitution in spite of having one for each state except the state assembly of Jammu and Kashmir. The state assembly of Jammu and Kashmir requested that only those articles of the Constitution will be applied in the state that corresponds to the original instrument to accession and other rules will be incorporated by the state assembly after being formed. But the state assembly got dissolved, and the article was considered as a permanent feature of the Indian Constitution. This was confirmed by various rulings of India such as the Supreme Court and High Court.
The essay on Article 370 can help one understand the four provisions of Article 370:
The state was exempted from the complete applicability of the Constitution of India. The state has the power to form its own Constitution.
The power of the central government in this state is limited to three subjects: defense, foreign affairs, and communications.
Some central government’s constitutional power can be extended to the state only with the concurrence of the state government.
The State Government's power to give concurrence is only active until the State Constituent Assembly was convened. After the scheme of powers is dispersed by the State Constituent Assembly, no further extension of powers is possible.
As studied in the Article 370 essay, it is clear that the state of Jammu and Kashmir has a special status and can incorporate its own Constitution, no other states in the Country have these powers.
In this Article 370 short essay, one will gain some basic knowledge of Article 370. Article 370 was incorporated, especially for the state of Jammu and Kashmir. This article was formed along with Article 35a. The article vested some important powers in the hands of the State Constituent Assembly. It restricted the Central Government from interfering with the matters of Jammu and Kashmir. One can gain a lot of knowledge from this essay on Article 370.
Article 370 gave the authority to the State Constituent Assembly to incorporate its own Constitution that will give the state several different laws. Such separate laws include citizenship rights, ownership of land rights, and many others. People from other states are restricted from buying land in this state.
In this short speech on Article 370 in English, it is clear that the state of Jammu and Kashmir is an important state of India and experiences a special status among all the other states.
The 370 Article essay in English will educate a person on how the instrument of accession affected the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Clause 7 of the Instrument of Accession signed by the Maharaja Hari Singh says that the state of Jammu and Kashmir is not compelled to accept any future articles of the Constitution of India. The state assembly has the power to incorporate its own Constitution. The state assembly will also decide how much power should be vested in the hands of the Central Government. The state of Jammu and Kashmir was experiencing a special status because of the conflict that was prevailing on the land.The Article 370 paragraph in English explains the special status of the Jammu and Kashmir experiences.
1. What powers are vested by Article 370?
Ans. From the knowledge we have gained from the Article 370 essay, it is clear that the State Constituent Assembly has the power to make its own rules for the state without getting interfered with by the Central Government. The state government has the power to make separate laws in terms of citizenship, ownership of land, etc.
2. In what subjects the Central Government has power over Jammu and Kashmir?
Ans. The central Government has power on a total of three subjects that are defense, foreign affairs and communication according to an essay on Article 370. In spite of these three subjects, the central government is restricted to interfere because of the special status of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. If the state government extents some powers then the centre can interfere.