Shivaji Maharaj Essay

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Essay on Shivaji Maharaj

Shivaji Bhonsle, also known as Shivaji Maharaj, was considered as the people’s king. His iron determination, valor, and dominance were the epitomes to follow. His courage knew no bounds. This article includes long and short Shivaji Maharaj essays for students. You can follow the historical facts and write an essay on Shivaji Maharaj on your own. Follow the format and maintain the proper sequence to score more in the exam. These essays can also be used to prepare for a Shivaji Maharaj essay writing competition.

Long Essay on Shivaji Maharaj   

Shivaji Bhonsle was born in the royal family of Shahaji Bhonsle. He was a born leader and went on to establish the Maratha Empire that even terrified the mighty Mughals. Born on 16th February 1627 in Shivneri, Shivaji was the proud son of Shahji. This Shivaji Maharaj essay in English will tell you about the glory and valor of the people’s king.

Shivaji’s mother Jijabai was also very strong in personality. She was virtuous and gave the proper education to her son to make him fearless. He grew up listening to the valor and glory of the Ramayana and Mahabharata. He also followed the teachings of these two epics but also imbibed the strong resilient features of an ideal Hindu’s character. He never learned to bow down to any force. In this Shivaji Maharaj essay, his life and achievements will be unfurled.

He was encouraged by Dada Konadev to learn different warfare skills relevant in the contemporary era. His guru wanted him to survive any diverse condition by using such skills. Apart from his survival and warfare skills, he became a nationalist and the man of his words. Being a full-fledged warrior, he followed the teachings of Saint Ramdev and understood the importance of religion. This education included the importance of all religions, politics, and culture. From the evidence of Shivaji Maharaj's essay in English of historians, you will observe that his skills and life lessons helped  him to become one of the greatest leaders of India.

He quickly became adept at different life and warfare skills and entered into the reality of the world. He started to attack the enemies surrounding his kingdom and capturing them one after the other to make a bigger and stronger empire. The moment his flag was hoisted in the forts of Toran and Purandar, the stories of his valor and strength reached Delhi and Agra. The rulers, whether they are tyrants or subject-loving, started to fear his name.

Adil Shah, the king of Bijapur, was afraid of his growing power. He then captured his father Shahji and imprisoned him. Learning about his father’s imprisonment, he was furious but did not lose his mind. He planned well and freed his father. This made Adil Shah even more furious. He ordered his commander Afzal Khan to plan a murder and eradicate Shivaji. Afzal acted as a friend to gain his confidence and kill him. Shivaji was one step ahead. He killed Afzal Khan by hiding a deadly dagger inside his cloak and fled.

Under his dominance and valor, the Maratha Empire grew stronger every day. He was known as a freedom fighter as he relieved commoners from the tyrants. He was considered to be anti-Muslim by many but it is not actually true. His two generals were Siddi and Daulat Khan. Historians suggest that his army consisted of soldiers from different races and religions. He never learned to differentiate between people in terms of caste, religion, or color.

He focused his energy on eradicating the tyrants of the contemporary era. Most of them were Muslim rulers. He never instigated any religious war or motive to uproot a kingdom. All he did was to understand common people’s pain under the sabbatical Aurangzeb and other rulers. He freed many people and thus was given the name Chhatrapati Shivaji by his admirers.

He ruled the Maratha Empire for 27 years and created an example to follow. He then fell sick and suffered from an unknown fever for three weeks. He then succumbed to his illness and died on 3rd April 1680 in Raigad Fort.

Short Essay on Shivaji Maharaj

Short Paragraph on Shivaji Maharaj

Shivaji Bhonsle, also known as Chhatrapati Shivaji, was born on 16th February 1627. He was the son of Shahji and Jijabai. At an early age, Shivaji got the right education from his mother and father. His indomitable spirit and intelligence were off the chart. He learned all the warfare skills alongside religious teachings. He imbibed the strong features of his character from his mother. He grew up learning everyone is equal, irrespective of caste and religion.

He grew up to be a formidable ruler and united the different kingdoms to form the Maratha Empire. His intelligence and valor made the Mughal Empire and other rulers shiver in fear. His enemy, Adil Shah wanted to kill him. He sent his commander, Afzal Khan to trick him and kill him on the spot. Shivaji was one step ahead. He hid a dagger and killed Afzal Khan and fled. He fought many battles and freed people from the tyranny of many rulers. This is why he got the name ‘Chhatrapati Shivaji’ or the people’s king. He died in 1680 due to illness.


This short and long Shivaji Maharaj essay tells us about the life and good deeds of Shivaji. We learn why he was named the people’s king. He united many kingdoms to form the Maratha Empire and wage war against the cruel rulers of then India. His valor made rulers terrified. He was intelligent enough to overcome any situation.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Why was Shivaji called Chhatrapati?

Ans: In this Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj essay, you will learn that he used to uproot the tyrant rulers and free the common people. He used to think of everyone as the same.

2. Why many Think that He was Anti-Muslim?

Ans: In this Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj essay in English, we find that he waged war against Muslim tyrants of the Mughal Empire but he was not anti-Muslim. His two main generals were Siddi and Daulat Khan.