There are different seasons in a year, summer, monsoon, autumn, winter, and spring. With each season, we witness certain changes not only in our lives but also on our Earth. Seasons are reminders to us that change is inevitable. India is one of the few countries that experiences all six seasons in a year. They are summer, monsoon, autumn, pre-winter winter, and spring. However, these seasons vary from region to region due to factors like latitude, longitude, topography, and environmental factors. As per the Hindu calendar, each season is divided into two months throughout the year.
The summer season is one of the main seasons in a tropical country like India. Summer sets in April and continues up to the end of July. Summer is usually associated with hot dry weather. The days are longer and the nights are shorter during this season. From late morning to midnight heat persists during the summer months.
In the Hindu calendar, these months are called Jyeshta and Aashaadha. In India, since the tropic of cancer passes through the northern hemisphere, the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Chhattisgarh experience the summer season. The temperature in some places increases up to 50o Celsius.
The days become so hot and long that people suffer from terrible heat right from the morning till midnight. It becomes difficult for people to commute. Most people are spotted in light dresses, sunglasses, and sandals. On some days a hot and the dusty wind blows at noon and makes life more miserable. People prefer staying indoors. In the northern part of India, this wind is called ‘Loo’ and it is not safe to get exposed to this. In the daytime, the scorching heat of the sun affects normal life. The difficulties in this season are innumerable. Ponds and pools dry up. The water level in wells also goes down. Water-crisis is felt almost everywhere. The absence of enough trees and persistent pollution aggravates the problems in summer. The weak and the old sometimes fall victim to sunstrokes in the hot sun. Birds and stray animals face lots of hardship, as they don’t get sufficient water to drink. Many health issues like dysentery, dehydration, and diarrhea are prevalent in this season. The towns and cities look deserted in the afternoons. Everything comes to a standstill during the day because of the simmering rays of the sun. The nights become pleasant and most activities are done after the sunset during this season.
Besides the innumerable difficulties people face, it is the most awaited season, especially by the students. They get over with their final exams and it is the vacation time for them as well as their parents. They plan to visit their grandparents or places like hill stations to escape the heat. Some also go to the beaches, as they are very pleasant at night. Children take up many indoor activities. Swimming and other water sports are some favourite outdoor activities in this season making it somewhat pleasant. Summer break for the students is a good time for learning various new activities. Most students go for summer camps at cooler places.
Various kinds of vegetation thrive around us. Many kinds of fruits and flowers are available in this season. Mango is the most dominant fruit of the summer season. Other fruits like jackfruits, guava, litchis, watermelons, and pineapples are available in plenty in the summer season.
We can see many beautiful animals and creatures thriving in our surroundings since they wake up from their hibernation.
Cold drinks, ice-creams, and watery fruit juices like grapes, cucumber, watermelon, are in high demand in this season. People prefer cold eatables like kulfis, chilled juices, etc.
It is an important season for the farmers. They sow seeds for new crops because this climate is favourable for the cultivation of the crops. They sow Zaid crops like pumpkin, cucumber, and bitter gourd, etc.
Important festivals like Buddha Purnima, Rath yatra are celebrated during this season. Some more important festivals like Baisakhi, Ram Navami, Raja Parva, and Hanuman Jayanti are also celebrated.
Summer season, which is full of heat and dust, is a blessing in disguise. The scorching rays of the sun evaporate the water from all water bodies at this time and this phenomenon gives way to the advent of the rainy season. The low pressure created over the landmass of India during this season is responsible for months-long monsoon rain.
Like all other seasons, summer has its own uniqueness. There are both advantages and disadvantages in this season but this season can be enjoyed till the fullest.
Q1. What are the disadvantages of the Summer Season?
Ans. The disadvantages are:
Scorching heat in the daytime.
Scarcity of water.
Health issues like dysentery, diarrhea, and dehydration.
Dust and hot wind.
Ponds and wells go dry.
Birds and stray animals do not get sufficient water to drink.
Q2. What measures should be taken to stay safe during this Season?
Ans. You should drink a lot of fluids to keep yourself hydrated. Stay indoors as much as you can. Wear light clothes. Eat fruits in plenty and have a balanced diet by eating healthy food.
Q3. What are the important festivals of this Season?
Ans. The important festivals celebrated during this season are Baisakhi, Buddha Purnima, Rath yatra, Ram Navami, Hanuman Jayanti, and Raja Parva.
Q4. What activities can we do during the Summers?
Ans. Since it is a break time for the students, we can go for a short trip to hill stations to escape the heat. We can also go to the beaches. Water sports are some outdoor activities that we can do. We can learn and experience new things like painting, swimming, etc. We can go trekking. We can enjoy pleasant evenings with family and friends. We can also indulge in indoor activities during the day when the sun is at peak. We can take care of the stray animals and birds who are suffering the most because of the scorching heat by providing them food and water.