Importance of Independence Day Essay

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Essay on Importance of Independence Day

In 1947, on this day, India became independent. It is the day when India got its freedom from the 200 years of British rule. It was a hard and a long non-violent struggle in which many freedom fighters and great men sacrificed their lives for our beloved motherland. Independence Day is like the birthday of our country. We celebrate Independence Day, on 15th August every year. It is celebrated as a national holiday throughout the country.

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The struggle for Independence was such a sentimental fight that all the citizens belonging to different classes, castes, and creeds united to become a single nation. Women too joined the freedom struggle and contributed greatly to the Indian Independence Movement. We won freedom from British power after a hard and non-violent struggle. On 15th August, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, our first Prime Minister, hoisted the National Flag at the Red Fort for the first time. It marked the end of the 200 years old British rule in India. We now breathe air in a free and sovereign nation. 

Importance of Independence Day

Every year, Independence Day is celebrated to commemorate our freedom. On this special occasion, the people of India remember the selfless sacrifices and unparalleled contributions of great men and women to achieve independence of India. Freedom fighters like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhas Chandra Bose, Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad, Sardar Patel, Khudiram Bose, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Bhagat Singh, and many prominent leaders are paid reverent homage by one and all in the country. 

Independence Day is an important day in the life of every Indian. Year after year, it reminds us of our great freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives to free our Motherland from the British rule. It reminds us of the great paragons, which were the foundation of the dream of a free India, envisioned and realized by the forefathers. It makes us realize that our forefathers have done their share of responsibilities and now it lies in our hands how we can shape and form the future of our country. They have played their role and have played it really well. The country now looks up to us as to how we perform our part now. A wind of patriotism and National integration blows across the country on this day. 

Activities on Independence Day

Independence Day is celebrated with great joy across the country. People gather, hoist the tricolor flag, and sing the National Anthem. There is great enthusiasm among them. In the national capital, Delhi, this day is celebrated with great pomp and show. All leaders and common people gather in large numbers into the parade ground in front of the Red Fort. There are great hustle and bustle everywhere. People line up the roads all leading to the fort and eagerly wait for the arrival of the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister comes and hoists the Flag and he makes a speech that focuses on what the government has achieved during the past year, mentions the issues that still need to be addressed, and calls upon for further developmental efforts. Foreign dignitaries are also invited to this occasion. 

Tributes are paid to the freedom fighters who have sacrificed their lives during the struggle. Everyone sings the Indian National Anthem – Jana Gana Mana. Following the speech, the Indian Army performs the parade.  The Chief Ministers also hold events on similar lines by unfurling the National Flag in their respective states.

Independence Day is observed with great honour at all the government and private institutions, schools, and colleges. Students take part in parades, sing the National Anthem before the unfurled National Flag. Some historical buildings are specially decorated with lights depicting the independence theme.  Special programs like planting trees are taken up on this day. The young mind is infused with a sense of patriotism and nationalistic feelings. To mark the occasion, sports, and cultural competitions are conducted and prizes are awarded to the winners. Sweets are distributed to all. Patriotic songs can be heard at every street corner. 

Another interesting feature of the celebration is the kite-flying event that is held all over the country with great zeal. The sky on this day is filled with kites of various colours, shapes, and sizes. 

Even television channels and radio programs are charged up with patriotism. The channels telecast movies and documentaries based on patriotic themes are telecast in order to let the people and children know about various incidents of our freedom struggle and to inspire a love for our motherland. Newspapers also print special editions and cite inspirational stories and excerpts of the life of great men from the great books written on them. 


Independence Day is very significant in the life of every Indian. For the last seventy-fours years, all Indians remember the great sacrifice and struggle made by our freedom fighters to free Mother India from British rule. It reminds us of our founding fathers who envisioned and realized the foundation of the dream of a free India.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. Why is Independence Day Celebrated?

Ans. Independence Day is celebrated to commemorate the freedom of our country. On this day, we pay tribute to all the leaders who have sacrificed their lives to get our Motherland free from British rule.

Q2. How is Independence Day important for the youth of today?

Ans. Independence Day is important for today’s youth because they are the future of our nation. The way our founding fathers envisioned a free India and realized their dreams, our youth also must unite as one nation and liberate our country from the shackles of caste, religion, corruption, and exploitation.

Q3. How is Independence Day celebrated in schools?

Ans. The students gather in school. They wear ethnic dress based on the Independence theme. They hoist the Indian flag along with the head of the school. They sing the National Anthem. Special programs like a skit, drawing competition, and sports activities are held. Sweets are distributed to the students.

Q4. Name some prominent Freedom Fighters?

Ans. Some prominent freedom fighters are Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhash Chandra Bose, Khudiram Bose, Bhagat Singh, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, B.R. Ambedkar, Sardar Patel, and many more.