Many languages are spoken in India. 22 languages have been recognized by the constitution. Among all these languages, Hindi is the most spoken and also the national language of India. Now, the number of people who speak and know Hindi is increasing all over the world and Hindi is ranked third in the most spoken language in the world. In addition to being the oldest language in the world, Hindi is also the simplest and most prosperous language. Its script is Devanagari and anyone can learn it easily. Reading the Hindi language is very easy, so people outside India are also attracted towards Hindi and want to learn it.
In the Constitution of India, Hindi, written in Devanagari script, was adopted as the official language of the country under Article 343 in 1949. Apart from being the ancient, rich and simple language of the world, Hindi is also our national language. The Hindi Diwas, celebrated on 14th September every year, is a way to cherish Indian culture and pay respect to the Hindi language. It was decided by the Constitution on 14th September 1949 to make Hindi the national language of India. Keeping in mind the importance of this decision and to promote Hindi in every field, it was decided in 1953 to celebrate September 14th as Hindi Diwas every year throughout India. Since then, every year on 14th September, Hindi Diwas is celebrated in India so that we Indians understand our duty and respect our mother tongue Hindi. To encourage people towards Hindi, a ceremony is organized on Hindi Day in which prizes are given to those who use and promote Hindi during their work.
Some of the names of the awards are- Rajbhasha Gaurav Award and Rajbhasha Kirti Award.
The Rajbhasha Gaurav Award is given to any Indian citizen writing in the subject of technology or science. Souvenirs are also given to all those who receive this award. Its basic objective is to advance the Hindi language in the field of technology and science.
The Rajbhasha Kirti Award is given to limited departments, for their best work done in Hindi.
Many litterateurs tried to establish Hindi as the national language. In 1919, Gandhiji had asked to make Hindi the national language in Hindi Sahitya Sammelan. After independence, there was a lot of discussion on the question of which language should be made the national language in 1949. Finally, it was decided by the Indian Constituent Assembly that the national language of the Union would be Hindi. However, when Hindi was introduced as the national language, non-Hindi speaking states opposed it and demanded the status of national language to English as well. Due to this, English also had to be given the status of the national language. Thus, both Hindi and English became the national languages of India.
Hindi Diwas reminds us of our true identity and unites the people of the country. Hindi Diwas is a day that inspires us to have a sense of patriotism. Hindi Diwas is celebrated every year to emphasize the importance of Hindi and to promote it among every generation. Hindi diwas is celebrated in schools, colleges, etc. Hindi Diwas is also celebrated at the national level. On this day, the President of the country gives awards to those who have excelled in any field related to the Hindi language. Students are taught to have respect for Hindi and the use of Hindi language. Debate competition, poetry competition, story competition, speech competition etc. are organized in schools and colleges on this day, besides other programs are also presented. Teachers also give speeches to emphasize the Hindi language. Many schools have a Hindi essay competition. On this day, women wear saris and men wear kurta pyjamas which is the Indian dress.
Many writers, including Mahatma Gandhi, Kaka Kalelkar, Maithili Sharan Gupt, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Seth Govind Das, etc. worked tirelessly to make Hindi the official language. After attaining independence, Hindi was given the status of an official language due to these efforts. However, at present, the Hindi language is not being given much importance. People are giving more importance to the English language than Hindi, due to which English has had a great impact on Hindi and many words of Hindi have been replaced by English. Hindi has been made the official language but the purpose with which it was made a national language has not been achieved. Therefore, we should understand our duty to appreciate Hindi and respect it. Today, a lot of attention is paid to foreign languages, but no special attention is given to the Hindi language. We should not forget the Hindi language. Hindi is our national language, we should respect our national language because Hindi reflects our culture and civilization. Celebrating Hindi Diwas is an effort to promote the Hindi language.
Question 1: Why is Hindi Diwas Celebrated?
Answer: Hindi Diwas reminds us of our true identity and unites the people of the country. Hindi Diwas is a day that inspires us to have a sense of patriotism. Hindi Diwas is celebrated every year to emphasize the importance of Hindi and to promote it among every generation. In today's time, people are giving more importance to the English language than Hindi, due to which English has had a great impact over Hindi and many words of Hindi have been replaced by English. To promote Hindi language, Hindi Diwas is celebrated so that we always respect our mother tongue.
Question 2: Name the Persons Who Worked Tirelessly to Make Hindi the National Language of India.
Answer: Many writers including Mahatma Gandhi, Kaka Kalelkar, Maithili Sharan Gupt, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Seth Govind Das worked tirelessly to make Hindi the official language. After attaining independence, Hindi was given the status of an official language due to their efforts.