A majority of the Indian population is farmers and they are settled in villages. They work very hard to make both ends meet and produce crops for the entire nation. India has about 500000 villages, which are scattered throughout the country. A village is a settlement that has fewer than 5000 living units. A village is called the rural part of the country. It is called rural because it does not have modern facilities like cities. The main occupation of the villagers is farming. They are the primary source of the nation's agricultural production.
Villages have either tiny hamlets of thatched huts or large settlements of tiled roofs, stones, and brick homes. An impression has been created by artists and filmmakers that an Indian village is a simple cluster of mud-plastered walls, shaded by trees, overlooking the large expanses of green fields with a few people moving slowly and of course, bullock carts. They portray a village woman with a pot on her head and walking gracefully, her skirt swaying gently. The reality is that a village is the hub of nonstop activity, the work ethics being very strong.
Agriculture is tough and requires hard work. The villagers work very hard and are always trying to find innovative methods of growing wheat, rice, and lentils.
Village is important because it is the primary sector of agricultural production for our country. The village is the backbone of India’s economy. It also plays a major role in maintaining the ecological balance of the environment. Villages are mostly covered with trees and plants. They are covered with green grasslands. One can see acres of green fields as far as the eyes could see. They provide shelter to many animals.
The village life is full of contentment and happiness, as people are not in a hurry like in city life.
Village people live a very simple life. Villages are mostly situated far from the hustle and bustle of urban civilization. The beauty of nature can be experienced in a village as it is surrounded by trees, flowers, mountains, streams, and farmlands. There is no pollution in the village and one can feel the freshness in the breeze. The demands of the villagers are not too high but they are still deprived of the basic facilities. Clean drinking water, electricity, health center, schools, proper sanitation are few facilities that are lacking in the villages. Their poverty is always visible in the atmosphere. The Panchayati Raj system still prevails in the village and they monitor all activities. The villagers are usually very superstitious.
My village is a small village with a population of only two hundred people. My village’s name is Bolpur. It is 150kms away from the main city of Kolkata. I visit my village once a year during my Dussehra vacation. I go there with my parents during this time to our ancestral house where Durga Puja takes place every year.
As the car turns to take the muddy road, I can feel the freshness in the air. The road that leads to the village has big trees on either side and they are so full of life as if they are dancing with joy to welcome us to their village. I have never seen such a breathtaking scene. There is one temple in the village and daily one or the other festivals keep going on. There is a big pond near the temple. There are mango trees, champak trees, and a big peepal tree around the pond. The smell of the flowers and mango buds attract everyone’s attention. My ancestral home is behind the peepal tree.
There is one small primary school in my village. Right now for the Durga Puja, the children are not going to school. There is a small dispensary with a doctor and a nurse. They can take care of basic illness like fever and stomach pain. For complicated ailments and medicines, the people have to go to the neighbouring town. There is a small grocery shop where the basic necessities for sustenance are available. Besides the grocery shop, there is a tea stall with some snacks available round the clock. The tea stall is the prime meeting point of all the villagers. I have never seen the stall empty. It is always full of people sipping on tea and chatting as if they have the world’s information to discuss.
There is a post office in my village. My favourite spot is a small rivulet. I love going there and spending time because beyond the rivulet there are acres of grasslands and hills beyond that. It is a perfect picture to paint. All, young and old swim and bathe in the rivulet. The main occupation of the villagers is farming. Whenever I come to my village, I feel immense pleasure because of its peaceful and serene environment. I get to enjoy some fresh and organic vegetables and fruits here. The people in my village are very helpful and they live in harmony with no grudges. They live like one big family always taking care of each other. I don’t find this act of compassion back in the city.
My village is a small village and people here live in harmony but I still want the government to come forward and uplift the medical and education facilities in the village.
Q1. Why are the Villages Important?
Ans. Villages are important because they form the backbone of our country’s economy. They are the primary source of the agricultural sector of the country. They also maintain the ecological balance of the environment.
Q2. Describe the Beauty of the Village.
Ans. The village life is full of contentment and happiness, as people are not in a hurry like city life.
Village people live a very simple life. Villages are mostly situated far from the hustle and bustle of urban civilization. The beauty of nature can be experienced in a village as it is surrounded by trees, flowers, mountains, streams, and farmlands. There is no pollution in the village and one can feel the freshness in the breeze.
Q3. How can the Government Help in the Upliftment of the Villages?
Ans. The government must come forward to develop the basic facilities in the villages like making provision for sanitation, building medical facilities and schools, and providing electricity and provisions for clean drinking water.