Democracy Essay for Students in English

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Essay on Democracy


Democracy is mainly a Greek word which means people and their rules, here peoples are having rights to select their own government as per their choice. Greece was the first democratic country in the world. India is a democratic country where people select their government on own choice, also people have the rights to do their work on their choice. There are two types of democracy direct and representative and hybrid or semi-direct democracy. There are many decisions which are made under democracies. People enjoy few rights which are very essential for human beings to live happily. Our country having the largest democracy. In a democracy, each people have equal rights to fight for the development. After the independence, India has adopted democracy, where the people vote those who are above 18 years of age, but these vote does not vary any caste all caste people have equal rights to select their government. India is the largest democratic country where a lot of problems faces which do not follow efficiently function. Democracy also called as a rule of the majority, means whatever the majority of people deciding it has to follow or implemented, the representative winning with the more number of votes will have the power. We can say the place where literacy people are more there it shows the success of the democracy even lack of consciousness is also dangerous in a democracy. Democracy is associated with higher human accumulation and higher economic freedom. Democracy is closely tied with the economic source of growth like education and quality of life as well as health care. The constituent assembly in India was adopted by Dr B.R. Ambedkar on 26th November 1949 and became sovereign democratic after its constitution came into effect on 26 January 1950.

What are the Challenges:

There are many challenges for democracy like- corruption here many political leaders and officers who don’t do work with integrity every place they demand bribes, results in the lack of trust on the citizens which affects the country very badly. Anti-social elements- which are seen during elections where people are given bribes and they are forced to vote a particular candidate. Caste and community- where a large number of people give importance to their cast and community, therefore, the political party also select the candidate on the majority population of caste. We see where ever the particular caste people is more win the elections where he does good for the society or not, and in some cases, good leaders lose because of less count of the vote.

Principles of Democracy:

There are mainly five principles like- republic, socialist, sovereign, democratic and secular, with all these quality political parties will contest for elections. There will be many bribes given to the needy person who require food, money, shelter and ask them to vote whom they want. But we can say that democracy in India is still better than the other countries.

Basically any country needs democracy for development and better functioning of the government. In some countries, freedom of political expression, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, are considered to ensure that voters are well informed, enabling them to vote according to their own interest.

Merits of Democracy:

  1. better government forms because it is more accountable and on the interest of the people.

  2. improves the quality of decision making and enhances the dignity of the citizens.

  3. provide a method to deal with differences and conflicts.

A democratic system of government is a form of government in which supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodic free elections. It permits citizens to participate in making laws and public policies by choosing their leaders, therefore citizens should be educated so that they can select the right candidate for the ruling government. Also, there are some concerns regarding democracy- leaders always keep changing in democracy with the interest of citizens and on the count of votes which leads to instability. It is all about political competition and power, no scope for morality.

Factors Affect Democracy:

  • culture

  • capital and civil society

  • economic development

  • equality

  • modernization

Norway and Iceland are the best democracy country in the world India is standing on fifty-one position.

India is a parliamentary democratic republic where the President is head of the state and Prime minister is head of the government. The guiding principles of democracy such as protected rights and freedoms, free and fair elections, accountability and transparency of government officials, citizens have a responsibility to uphold and support their principles. Democracy was first practised in the 6th century BCE, in the city-state of Athens. One basic principle of democracy is that people are the source of all the political power, in a democracy people rule themselves and also respect given to diverse groups of citizens, so democracy required to select the government of their own interest and make the nation developed by electing good leaders.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Question 1: What are the Features of Democracy?

Ans:  Features of Democracy are as follows:

  • Equality

  • Individual freedom

  • Majority rules

  • Free election

Question 2: Define Democracy?

Ans: Democracy means where people are having the right to choose the rulers and also people are having freedom to express views, freedom to organise and freedom to protest.  

Question 3:  What are the Benefits of Democracy?

Ans: Benefits of democracy are: 

  • It is more accountable

  • Improves the quality of decision as the decision is taken after a long time of discussion and consultation.

  • It provides the method to deal with differences and conflicts.