Our life in this modern age depends largely on computers. It is almost impossible to think about life without computers. We need computers in everything that we use in our daily lives. So it becomes very important to make computers intelligent so that our lives become easy. Artificial Intelligence is the theory and development of computers, which imitates the human intelligence and senses, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making and translation between languages. Artificial Intelligence has brought a revolution in the world of technology.
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Artificial Intelligence is categorized in two types based on capabilities and functionalities.
Artificial Intelligence Type-1
Narrow AI (weak AI): This is designed to perform a specific task with intelligence. It is termed as weak AI because it cannot perform beyond its limitations. It is trained to do a specific task. Some examples of Narrow AI are facial recognition (Siri in Apple phones), speech and image recognition. IBM’s Watson supercomputer, self-driving cars, playing chess and solving equations are also some of the examples of weak AI.
General AI (AGI or strong AI): This system can perform nearly every cognitive task as efficiently as humans can do. The main characteristics of general AI is to make a system that can think like a human on its own. This is a long-term goal of many researchers to create such machines.
Super AI: Super AI is a type of intelligence of systems in which machines can surpass human intelligence and can perform any cognitive task better than humans. The main features of strong AI would be the ability to think, reason, solve puzzles, make judgments, plan and communicate on its own. The creation of strong AI might be the biggest revolution in human history.
Artificial Intelligence Type-2
Reactive Machines: These machines are the basic types of AI. Such AI systems focus only on current situations and react as per the best possible action. They do not store memories for future actions. IBM’s deep blue system and Google’s Alpha go are the examples of reactive machines.
Limited Memory: These machines can store data or past memories for a short period of time. Examples are self-driving cars. They can store information to navigate the road, speed and distance of nearby cars.
Theory of Mind: These systems understand emotions, beliefs, and requirements like humans. These kinds of machines are still not invented and it’s a long-term goal for the researchers to create one.
Self - Awareness: Self-awareness AI is the future of artificial intelligence. These machines can outsmart the humans. If these machines are invented then it can bring a revolution in human society.
Marketing: Artificial Intelligence provides a deep knowledge of consumers and potential clients to the marketers by enabling them to deliver information at the right time. Through AI solutions, the marketers can refine their campaigns and strategies.
Agriculture: AI technology can be used to detect diseases in plants, pests and poor plant nutrition. With the help of AI, farmers can analyze the weather conditions, temperature, water usage and condition of the soil.
Banking: Fraudulent activities can be detected through AI solutions. AI bots, digital payment advisers can create a high quality of service
Health Care: Artificial Intelligence can surpass human cognition in the analysis, diagnosis and complication of complicated medical data.
Artificial Intelligence will bring a huge revolution in the history of mankind. Human civilization will flourish by amplifying human intelligence with artificial intelligence, as long as we manage to keep the technology beneficial.
Q1. What is Artificial Intelligence?
Ans. Artificial Intelligence is a branch of computer science that emphasizes the development of intelligent machines that would think and work like humans.
Q2. How is Artificial Intelligence Categorized?
Ans. Artificial Intelligence is categorized in two types based on capabilities and functionalities. Based on capabilities, AI includes Narrow AI (weak AI), General AI and super AI. Based on functionalities, AI includes Relative Machines, limited memory, theory of mind, self-awareness.
Q3. How Does AI Help in Marketing?
Ans. AI helps the marketers to strategize their marketing campaigns and keep a data of their prospective clients and consumers.
Q4. Give an Example of Relative Machine?
Ans. IBM’s deep blue system and Google’s Alpha go are the examples of reactive machines.