Water is the most basic need for life. Our Earth, the blue planet, is blessed to have a water reserve. It makes lives possible. However, water is not an unlimited resource. There are many parts of the planet where fresh water for drinking and using is scarce. Though the newspapers and televisions tell a lot about water scarcity in different parts of the world, many people waste it regularly. It is the time to stand united and aware one and all to save water.
Almost 97.5% of the water reserve of the Earth is locked in oceans and seas. This water is extremely salty for human use. Again, a majority of the rest of the 2.5% freshwater remains in the ice caps. Only 1% of the available water is fit for human consumption. To add to the threat, many portions of the world are suffering from regular droughts. Poor people need to walk many miles to collect drinkable water, which they store for use. While wasting water, everyone must try to imagine the hardships that numerous people face due to water scarcity.
Water is not only essential for drinking. It is essential for almost every day to day activity. This includes washing, cleaning, and cooking. Even in the agricultural sector, it is essential for crop production and livestock feeding. Also, in the industries, water is essential for producing various goods, including clothes, foods, and even biofuels. This is taking up a lot of fresh water supply.
Water pollution is another threat that the world is facing. In countries like India, water bodies like rivers, ponds, and lakes are getting polluted alarmingly. People, especially living in rural belts, have a habit of cleaning their utensils, washing their clothes, and even bathing in the nearby ponds and rivers. They also frequently take their cattle there to wash them. This leads to a lot of water pollution. Also, in the urban areas, the industries use the rivers to dump their waste materials. This makes a considerable amount of freshwater wasted.
In countries having a vast population like India, it is a big challenge to everyone aware of the necessity to save water. However, even a little bit of effort from every individual can help save a lot of freshwaters. And such measures are so simple that everyone can make it. For example:
Fix the leaky taps in the house immediately.
Do not keep the tap open when not using it. Also, it is important not to turn off the tap while brushing teeth.
Save up the used clothes and dirty upholsteries for a while. Consider loading the washing machine full, rather than washing clothes in two half loads. This saves an enormous amount of water.
Use a low flush toilet, or use the good old buckets for flushing. The new age dual flush systems are designed to use minimum water. This gives us a good reason to replace our old flush systems.
Change the cooking methods. Steamed food items retain most of the natural nutrients in food. Also, steaming can cut down on water consumption for cooking. While boiling foods, we can keep the water and use it as stock later on. We can also cool down the water and use it to water the household plants.
The big hotels, residential buildings, and many public places have their premises splashed with beautiful fountains. However, these fountains lead to considerable wastage of water.
Reducing the shower time can cut down on unnecessary wastage of water. Optimally, we can try limiting our shower time to 5-6 minutes.
During the rainy season, collecting rainwater for use in flushing, watering plants and washing clothes can be a practical effort.
Watering the lawn regularly leads to a lot of water usage. A number of the expert's advice to make it less frequently, especially during the rainy season and in the winter. Also, try watering either in the early morning or after the sunset.
Q1. What is Water Conservation?
Ans: Water conservation refers to the processes involved in the development, control, and preservation of water resources. It involves the preservation of both surface water and underground water. Reducing pollution and pollutants is also an aim of systematic water preservation. A well-planned water conservation system can help keep the water clean and pure. Also, it encourages all to use water resources responsibly and wisely.
Q2. When is the World Water Day Observed?
Ans: Since 1993, the United Nations have marked 22nd March or every year as World Water Day. This day aims to spread a systematic awareness of the need to conserve water. Also, on this day, several delegates discuss the present scenario of freshwater management and the possible measures to ease the issue. Even in India, the government focuses more on ensuring freshwater supply, planning for better drainage to check floods, and upgrade greenery as measures to improve water resources.
Q3. How can School Children Help in Water Conservation?
Ans: Even in school, young children can start by practising simple water-saving measures. Also, the teachers can encourage them to set up water-saving clubs where they can regularly perform skits, write songs and poems, and the like, focussing on the need to save water. They can be encouraged to be aware of their juniors about the necessity to save water, as well.