Beti Bachao Beti Padhao was inaugurated on January 22, 2015, by our honourable Prime Minister, Mr Narendra Modi. It was a nationally recognized campaign. The Government of India summoned the campaign for the improvement of welfare schemes along with promoting girl child awareness. Beti Bachao Beti Padhao is one of the popular welfare schemes. The meaning of ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ is - save the daughter and educate daughter. Haryana is the state where they launched this project. The reason is the lowest sex ratio of female in this state.
Preventing the difference in sex and eliminate female foeticide practices is the primary objective of this scheme. It was launched to guarantee safety and protect all girl children. The scheme has been designed to provide proper and quality education. The scheme three ministerial boards including:
The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare
The Ministry of Women & Child Development
The Ministry of Human Resource Development
What are the Reasons for the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme?
The scheme comprises two main reasons. These are:
1. Rising against Crime against Women
In our society, there are still a huge number of illiterates who think having a female child seems like a burden to the family as they do not contribute anything back in return. Lots of abortions cases and various forms of discrimination cases against girls have resulted in the decline of the female population. With this, crime and sex abuse are on a constant rise. Keeping this in mind, the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme has been initiated to stop such malpractices and immortality.
2. Low Sex Ratio
According to the data of census (CSR) in 2001, there were 933 girls every thousand boys for 0 to 6 years. In the year 2011, this number dropped to approximately 918 girls per thousand boys. In 2012, As per the report presented by UNICEF, Amongst 195 countries, India came in the 41st rank. A Population Census initiated after 2016 shows that there is an upward surge in population ratio, and the balance has been maintained with great effort.
The scheme has been aimed at the safety of girl children across the country and arrangement for proper education and security. The scheme helps in the assistance of professional and personal development while eliminating female foeticide from every corner of the country. The three main objectives are:
Working in collaboration and Developing new schemes to make sure every girl in the country is safe.
Prevention of female infanticide.
Right to education is achieved by each girl child in the country.
What are the Difficulties Faced While Implementing the Scheme?
The scheme initiated by our prime minister may face a drawback these concepts are properly eliminated:
Orthodox rituals such as female foeticides and other domestic abuse, social abuses, child marriages, Sati etc.
The police and system are yet to seriously determine the amount of women violence.
The mindset of people continues to be conservative despite numerous campaigns which are responsible for spreading awareness.
In the implementation line, one major obstacle is the dowry system.
The mission of this scheme is to bring significant impacts which include:
Access to education to all girl children.
Highlighting the focus of the girl child’s right.
Balancing the ratio of male-female.
The initiation of this scheme is the perfect example of the reduction of sex discrimination as well as other imbalances. Furthermore, it is also helpful in providing girls with social and financial independence.
Q1. What Do You Understand By this Scheme?
Ans. Beti Bachao Beti Padhao was launched by the current Indian prime minister, Mr Narendra Modi. It has been initiated to promote gender equality and highlight the important aspect of educating girls in our society. It was introduced in more than 100 districts throughout the country. It was initially launched with the funding of Rs. 100 crore to target states like Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Punjab, and Uttarakhand. It also aims the declining sex ratio in the country.
Q2. Which Ministerial Bodies are Responsible for the Scheme and What is the Purpose?
Ans. The national initiative consists of tri-ministerial bodies like:
Child & Development Ministry
Health & Family Welfare Ministry
Human Resource Development Ministry
The purpose behind such movement is to bring holistic empowerment among girls and to safeguard their rights. It all started from Panipat and later, continued to spread its wings across the nation. The scheme is initiated not only to balance the sex ratio but also to promote good health for a girl child.
Q3. What are the Important Features of the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme?
Ans. The significant features of the scheme are:
1. Improvement of the Sex Ratio in the Country
The scheme aims to punish the families who still undergo sex determinations tests.
2. Ensuring Education for the Girl Child
The scheme is aimed to provide equal opportunities to all girls through the means of right to education.
3. Introduction of Gender Equality
The determination of gender equality is a pivotal factor in our society.
4. Prevention of Child Marriages
Child marriages jeopardize the dignity of women and hence hamper the emancipation.
5. Promotion of the Concept of Simple Wedding
The Big Fat Wedding is of no use, and it only stigmatizes society while creating relentless pressure on the parents of a bride.