Corruption refers to any act performed by individuals or a group in lieu of some form of bribes. Corruption is considered to be a dishonest and criminal act. If proven, corruption can lead to legal punishments. Often times the act of corruption comprises the rights and privileges of some. It is very hard to find a definition that takes into account all the characteristics and aspects of corruption. However, as responsible citizens of the nation, we all must be aware of the true meaning and manifestation of corruption in its every form so that whenever we come across it we can raise our voice against it and fight for justice.
Place and Process of Corruption
Corruption is very common in government or private offices. The most common acts of corruption involve some form of bribery. Bribery involves some use of improper favours and gifts exchanged for personal gains of some sort. Moreover, corruption is often found to be intertwined with embezzlement. Corruption can take place in many ways and in any public and private office. It is observed that most people in a position of power or authority are more likely to be involved in corrupt acts.
The actual reasons behind corruption are believed to be greed and selfishness. Bribery can include a range of favours like money, gifts, company shares, sexual favours, entertainment, political benefits as well as personal gain. One or more of such favours can inspire people to indulge in corruption and preferential treatment and also inspire them to overlook criminal activities.
Embezzlement, on the other hand, is another form of corruption. An embezzlement is an act of withholding or concealing information about personal assets for the purpose of illegal trading or threat. Embezzlement generally involves people who were entrusted with the assets in question in the first place. Apart from being an act of corruption, embezzlement is also an act of financial fraud.
Another important form of corruption is the graft. It is a global form of corruption. It is also one of the most noteworthy and widespread corrupt practices in existence. Grafting refers to illegally using a politician's authority to achieve personal gains or goals. An eminent example of this would be politically influential people misdirecting public funds to meet their own selfish needs.
Another important form of corruption is extortion. Extortion means obtaining property, money or services through illegal means. Extortion takes place by taking advantage of individuals through coercion, threats or influence. It is very similar to blackmail. One of the oldest forms of corruption is nepotism and favouritism. Both of these practices involve people being favoured for a position or task due to his or her filial or familial status or ties.
Another form of favouritism includes influence peddling. In this case, one's influence with people in power is used to get work done. The last form of corruption is an abuse of discretion, in this type the person is power uses his or her authority to bend legal proceedings.
How to end corruption?
Corruption not only hinders working in an organization but also affects the economy of a country and the efficiency of various services. To stop corruption, the government must take stricter measures. Existing laws must be strictly implemented and if the need arises, new laws are introduced. Workplaces should be strictly monitored to prevent any unethical exchange of favours. Only an end to small forms of corruption can result in a cumulative effect and bring a significant change in society.
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