Natural resources are the resources that occur naturally on Earth. It is an indispensable part of our lives. Natural resources consist of air, water, sunlight, coal, petroleum, natural gas, fossil fuels, oil, etc. However, humans have exploited these resources for their own economic gains. Over usage of the natural resources has caused depletion resulting in a huge impending threat to the existence of the human race. Conservation of nature means taking care and protecting these resources like forests, water bodies, natural gases, minerals and fuels, so that they continue to be available in abundance.
Natural resources are categorized into renewable and non-renewable. Renewable resources can be replenished naturally. These include air, water and sunlight. Non-renewable resources consist of coal, natural gas, and oil. These resources cannot be replenished by natural resources easily to keep up with consumption. It takes hundreds of years to recycle these resources. The usage of natural resources has been pivotal for the evolution of mankind. But his progress and development has led to exploitation of these natural resources. This demands a responsible behavior of conserving the resources to ensure sustainability.
If we do not use these resources judiciously then it can create imbalance in the environment. Global warming, floods, climate change, famine and drought are some of the consequences we will have to face in future. So, conservation of the natural resources has become the need of the hour.
Water is the most important and valuable natural resource on Earth. It sustains all life. We use water for drinking, generating electricity, in agriculture for irrigation of crops, in many industries for manufacturing processes. Scarcity of water would cause loss of vegetation and to all plant life, erosion of soil.
Forests determine natural vegetation to mankind. It is the major natural resource that helps in economic development. Their use in fuel, timber and industrial raw material cannot be undermined. Moreover, forests help in the control of soil erosion and control floods.
Fossil fuel is the most important natural commodity for everyday activities. Coal, oil and natural gas produce a lot of energy.
Governments and agencies of various countries are employing different measures to conserve nature.
Children should be educated about the implications of exploitation of the environment.
Recycle and reuse of water will help reduce the rate of depletion of fresh water from the planet.
Farmers must use the modern techniques in agriculture like sprinkler irrigation, drip irrigation, dry farming and rotational grazing, to save water. They should start the practice of rainwater harvesting.
Alternative resources or renewable resources like solar energy or water energy should be used.
Saving electricity can be a step to conserve natural resources such as water, coal, natural gases and biomass. Basic practices like switching off fans, lights, geysers and air conditioners must become a habit.
Use of solar powered lights and cars, using public transport and regular car-pooling will reduce the depletion of coal, oil and gas. Increase the use of biogas and biofuels.
Paper is made from wood, which is a renewable natural source. Trees are being cut at a very high speed but take time to grow. To reduce usage of paper, modern technology must be used. This will help in reducing carbon footprint in the atmosphere. We must plant more and more trees to prevent deforestation.
Dumping of industrial wastes into water bodies must be prevented in order to protect marine life. Practice of crop rotation techniques can be implemented to increase soil fertility. Burning fossil fuel emits a large amount of carbon dioxide that is responsible for greenhouse effect. This must be controlled.
It is important to realize that natural resources are limited and it is our social responsibility to protect and take care of nature. We need to rationally use these natural resources to maintain the environment and secure our future.
Q1. What are the Types of Natural Resources?
Ans. There are two types of natural resources - Renewable resources and non-renewable resources.
Q2. Why is it Important to Conserve Natural Resources?
Ans. It is important to conserve natural resources to maintain the ecosystem and sustainability of these resources for our future generation.
Q3. How do we Reduce the Consumption of Fuel?
Ans. Use of solar powered cars, public transport, car-pooling, maintenance of vehicles periodically can reduce the consumption of fuel.
Q4. What Modern Techniques Should Farmers Adopt to Save Water?
Ans. To save water, farmers should practice modern techniques like sprinkler irrigation, drip irrigation, rotational grazing, dry farming and rain water harvesting.