Natural resources and their relevance to human life are a major concern for all people on the planet. It is now important to have knowledge of the need for and value of natural resources, as well as to spread full awareness of the dangers associated with their scarcity. We have provided both long and short natural resources essay for students of Class 1 to 12.
Natural resources are priceless gifts to us that are necessary for our survival on this planet. Air, water, ground, trees, wood, soil, minerals, petroleum, metals, and sunlight are all examples. These resources cannot be generated or developed by humans; instead, they can be changed in various ways so that we can make better use of them.
Natural Resources are Classified Into Two Types:
Renewable - Water, air, sunshine, ground, wood, soil, plants, and animals are examples of renewable resources that can be reclaimed and reformed after use. Water, plants, livestock, and fresh air are examples of scarce resources. Without a well-managed mechanism for consuming these renewable resources, we will not be able to bring them back in the future for future generations to use.
Non-Renewable - Non-renewable natural resources are those that cannot be duplicated and are only available in finite amounts on the globe. Minerals, Metals, petroleum, and coal are located under the earth's surface. Both of these items are in short supply and are extremely useful and valuable in everyday life.
Other categories of natural resources, in addition to these two, are specified as:
Biotic - These are natural resources derived from the global environment and including life-like plants, trees, and animals.
Abiotic - These resources include non-living natural resources such as air, water, ground, soil, minerals, and metals.
Both Renewable and Non-Renewable resources are used for various purposes:
Wind energy is produced by the movement of air.
Water is used for drinking and hydroelectric energy production.
Plants and trees provide us with vegetables, fruits, cotton, and wood, which we can use to make paper, furniture, and houses.
Animals provide us with milk, and their skin is used to make soap, shoes, purses, belts, and other products.
Solar energy is generated by the sun, which is used to keep us warm.
Oil is used to power vehicles and generates electricity.
Coins, steel, and jewellery are all made from minerals and metals.
Electricity is generated using coal.
What Causes the Depletion of These Resources?
Over-Population: When the world's population grows at an exponential pace, so does the demand for natural resources.
Urbanization: More cities and towns are springing up to meet the ever-increasing demand for housing and other necessities. Some resources have been exhausted as a result of this.
Industrialization: Several new industries are springing up in both rural and urban areas to create jobs and manufacture consumer goods for everyday use. As a result, our natural resources have been over-exploited.
Deforestation: Deforestation is the degradation of trees on a wide scale. Forest degradation has resulted in a reduction in other natural resources such as soil, water, and wildlife.
Mining and Quarrying: Resources have also been exhausted as a result of unscientific mining and quarrying for the production of minerals and ores.
Overgrazing: Soil erosion is exacerbated by overgrazing by cattle in general, and sheep and goats in particular.
Intensive Agriculture: Excessive use of fertilisers and pesticides, as well as cultivating the same crop year after year, decreases soil fertility and leaves the soil sick.
Insecticides: Insecticides and industrial waste products have depleted biodiversity in the forest, rivers, wetlands, dams, and oceans.
Soil Erosion: Soil erosion is the process of water or wind transporting nutrient-rich topsoil away. This harms both the soil and the plants.
Let us take a look at the Natural Resources Short Essay.
Natural resources are those that we receive naturally from the Earth. Natural resources include the flora and fauna in our local area, as well as air, water, and sunshine. Natural resources are classified into two groups. They are renewable natural resources, such as solar energy, as well as non-renewable natural resources, such as fossil fuels.
Renewable natural resources do not deplete and are replenished over time, while non-renewable resources deplete as their use increases. Natural resources are a gift to humanity that must be used responsibly and protected for future generations.
Even though the majority of these natural resources are sustainable and plentiful, human activities do misuse some of them. It takes millions of years for all of those non-renewable resources to form. Unauthorized and irresponsible use of these natural resources would lead to a scarcity of these resources in the future.
The key cause of this threat of natural resource extraction can be identified as population growth. When the world's population increases, so do the need for more natural resources. This involves the over-consumption of lands by sacrificing their true natural value to create massive structures, industrialise, and so on.
The increased use of new technology and requirements has contaminated our natural resources, such as air, water, and soil, by exposing them to more chemically hazardous wastes. Owing to overuse, raw materials derived from fossil fuels, such as petroleum products, are in danger of becoming extinct.
Many of these risks can be avoided if we use our natural resources more wisely and don't take them for granted. Humans should adopt a more sustainable lifestyle to preserve nature's gifts for future generations.
Q1. How can we Conserve/Avoid Water Pollution?
Ans. There are two ways to conserve water:
Maintenance of Water Cycle:
In many areas of the world, healthy forests are important for promoting rainfall. As a result, the water cycle would be dependent on tree maintenance and planting.
Swamps, marshes, tanks, and reservoirs must all be closely controlled. Wetland areas, which play an important role in the water cycle, should not be filled with mud and reclaimed as land.
Prevention of Water Pollution:
It is recommended that industrial wastes not be dumped directly into lakes and rivers. If sewage is to be dumped into rivers or streams, it must first be cleaned and filtered.
Oil should not be dumped in the seas by ships or oil tankers.
Cities' organic wastes (sewage) should not be permitted to pollute the water supply. To achieve sewage oxidation, special sewage plants should be built. Finally, sewage-free water can be discharged into rivers and reservoirs.
Q2. What are Some of the Ways in Which we can Preserve Soil Fertility?
Ans. Following are the ways in which we can preserve soil fertility:
It is not advisable to cultivate the same crop year after year. As a consequence, basic elements of a specific kind are depleted in the soil. Different crops should be planted at different times of the year. Crop rotation is a good idea to pursue. It entails rotating between growing a pulse crop or a leguminous crop and some other crop. This is due to the presence of the bacteria rhizobium in the root nodules of leguminous plants, which can fix atmospheric nitrogen.
To substitute what is taken up as nutrients by plants, green manure or synthetic fertilisers should be applied to the soil.
The type of fertiliser to be used for different crops should be addressed with an Agriculture Development Officer or Gram Sevak.