Guru Nanak Dev Ji Essay

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Essay on Guru Nanak Dev Ji

India is the birthplace of many prophets, saints, and religious reformers. Guru Nanak Dev is the First Guru followed by the Sikhs across the world. In this Guru Nanak Dev Ji essay, you will find about his early life and his preaching related to peace, love, and unity. The short and long versions of the essay on Guru Nanak Dev Ji will help students of Class 5 and above write on their own. This Guru Nanak Dev Ji essay in English is fabricated in a simple way for the young minds.

Guru Nanak Dev Ji Essay in English

Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born on 15th April 1469 in Talwandi, Lahore (undivided India, now in Pakistan). He is one of the prominent saints in Indian history who spread the words of peace, love, and unity among his followers. He was the first preacher of Sikhism and is the First Guru. The followers of Guru Nanak are called Sikhs. The first full moon of Kartika month every year is celebrated as Guru Parba. In his birthplace, a big fair is organized to celebrate his birth anniversary.

Born in a poor Khatri family, he was a very intelligent child. Everyone was fascinated by his way of seeing the world. His parents were Mehta Kalu and Mata Tripta. He studied in a local school in his village and outsmarted every kid studying with him. His love and passion for mankind made him popular among the villagers. He was very creative too. Since his childhood, he hymned musical poetries all the time. All these hymns are now scribed in Guru Granth Sahib, the Holy Book of Sikhism.

As a young man, he worked as a storekeeper in Sultanpur. Besides his responsibilities, he managed time to do philanthropic deeds. He donated almost all his salary to the needy and preached unity among Muslims and Hindus. His amazing words spread like wildfire in the undivided Punjab and its surrounding areas. One day, he was heading to Kalibai River. He heard the voice of God and was instructed to spread his words of peace, unity, and love. He then became a saint and started his journey as the first guru. He never considered creed, caste, and other discriminatory words and considered everyone as the same.

He started to attract a lot of disciples when preached to people wandering aimlessly. He gave lessons of spirituality and life and encouraged everyone to see the world the way he did. He also went to Mecca and taught what he learned to the Muslims too. His followers belonged from different religions, caste, and creed. He never segregated them, rather looked at them equally. He also urged everyone to love everyone, maintain unity and peace. He said that everyone is the child of one God, the Almighty. There is no existence of different gods. We all should worship and follow the teachings of the Almighty. During his journey, he taught and preached about his revelations and spread the knowledge he gained in his life.

His teachings have three main mottos. He urged people to help the poor as much as possible. He requested and encouraged people not to earn money via illicit methods. He insisted everyone stay honest with each other. He also said that one can easily overcome his weaknesses by uttering the name of God and having faith in Him. According to Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the weaknesses of human beings are all the negative emotions such as anger, ego, pride, and greed. All these can be controlled and eradicated by simply following what God has said.

He composed many songs and hymns. His musical poetry became very popular as people could find relevance to their daily lives. All these songs are written in Gurmukhi Language. He renamed Bhai Lehna as Guru Angad and made him his successor. He lived a happy and peaceful life amidst his disciples and diet at the age of 70 on 22nd September 1539. It is said that his body was never found. His disciples just found a pile of flowers underneath the shroud.

Short Essay on Guru Nanak Dev Ji

Paragraph onĀ  Guru Nanak Dev Ji

Guru Nanak Dev Ji is the First Guru and founder of Sikhism. He was born in a poor family in the Punjab province on 15th April 1469. He was a bright child and outsmarted every kid in his school with his intelligence. His way of seeing the world was unique and innovative. At a very young age, he used to write hymns and musical poetry related to peace and spirituality.

When he grew younger, he used to work as a storekeeper. He gave all his earnings to the needy and kept a very small amount for himself. One day, he went to the Kalibai River for a bath. It was then God instructed him to become the preacher of peace, love, unity, and fraternity. He became a saint and started spreading love and peace in his words.

All his teachings and hymns are written in Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhism. He died at an age of 70 years in 1539. His disciples did not find a body but rather discovered a pile of flowers. His words still find relevance in this modern world.


This Guru Nanak Dev Ji essay in English tells us about the early life and teachings of the First Sikh Guru. He was the preacher of peace, unity, and love. He encouraged people of all castes to stay as brothers and consider humanity above everything.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What Did Guru Nanak Ji Preach?

We learned in this Guru Nanak Dev Ji essay that he spread love, unity, and peace with his poetic words.

2. When Did He Receive the Message of God?

When he went for a bath in the sacred Kalibai River, he received the message of God.

3. What Did Guru Nanak Say to Overcome Negative Emotions?

The essay on Guru Nanak suggests uttering the name of God to control the negative emotions.