Noise pollution is one of the types of pollution we face daily. Like air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution and other types, noise pollution has a major impact on our health. Atmospheric pollution is not the only pollution we go through, but noise pollution that can bring destruction to our lives. According to the World Health Organization, noise pollution is a dangerous health issue. The European Environment (EEA) says noise pollution is responsible for 16,600 premature deaths in Europe alone.
A person continuously facing noise pollution can start meeting health issues and can be dangerous in the long term. Several unpleasant noise distractions can bring problems later in life.
Cities have become noisier with car honking, loudspeakers; traffic, etc. lead to noise pollution. Construction of roads, buildings, apartments and other areas are also resulting in increasing the noise pollution.
According to the WHO, noise pollution is a noise above 65db, which can severely affect both human and animal. A noise beyond 75 dB can be painful and will affect the person severely.
Although the world is turning into the use of technology, at the same time, this technology is also harming. Industries using compressors, exhaust fans, and generators are producing a lot of noise.
Similarly, bikes and cars with old silencers produce heavy noise that can lead to pollution. Planes, heavy trucks and buses are also part of this noise pollution. Low flying aircraft, especially the military ones, causes noise pollution. Similarly, submarines can cause ocean sound pollution.
Noise pollution can primarily start affecting the hearing ability of the person, causing permanent hearing impairment. Furthermore, it can cause an increase in blood pressure, hypertension, and other stress-related health issues. In many cases, noise pollution can cause a disturbance in a person's state of mind, which further causes disturbance in sleep pattern, stress, aggressiveness, and other issues. The psychological health of the person can also get disturbed due to regular exposure to noise pollution. Noise above 45 dB can disrupt the pattern of your sleep. According to the WHO, the noise level should not be more than 30db. Change in the sleep pattern can also bring change in your behaviour.
If you have pets in your home or around your area, then noise pollution can bring a negative impact on the environment. Firecrackers can bring fear in them if regularly they are exposed to it. This will also bring change in their behaviour.
Animals and marine life are vulnerable to noise pollution. It can affect their listening skills, which further affects their behaviour pattern. These animals find it hard to listen during migration, which can negatively affect their lives. When it comes to marine life, noise pollution can lead to internal damage like physical problems in them.
There are many measures taken by the government and people to reduce the effect of noise pollution. Soundproof walls and windows are now being installed in many houses. Many flyovers in cities have soundproof walls to bring down the noise level to a nearby resident from vehicles running. As a responsible citizen, we must contribute towards bringing down the noise pollution. Needless honking should be stopped and officials should fine people doing it heavily. Hospitals and schools are built-in silent zones.
There should be rules to avoid noise in residential and sensitive areas. It is important for people to be aware of health hazards from noise pollution.
One of the best ways to bring down the noise pollution is by planting more and more plants. This process of planting trees can help to reduce the travelling of noise from one place to another.
Noise pollution is the most common problem faced by humans, thanks to various reasons that pushes many people to face health issues. Following standard measures can be helpful in the long term for both humans and the environment. The ultimate aim is to bring down the noise pollution for a better environment.
1) What are Significant Factors Causing Noise Pollution?
Ans: Multiple factors can result in noise pollution. Some of these are massive honking during road traffic, construction, poor urban planning, loudspeaker and others. Furthermore, firecrackers, the noise of bands and others can also result in noise pollution.
To eliminate or decrease noise pollution, it is crucial to know their effect. This will help to create measures and work towards it.
2) How Noise Pollution can be Controlled?
Ans: There are different ways of controlling noise pollution. Some of the measures are-
For those people who are working in noisy installations- they can work on ear-protection aids like earplugs, earmuffs, noise helmets, etc.
One of the best ways to reduce noise pollution is to plant more and more trees along roads, around hospitals and schools.
3) Who is at the Risk of the Health Effects of Noise Pollution?
Ans: When it comes to the effect of noise pollution, the risk of health effects can be for any age of the person. Sound louder than 80 dB can be hazardous. Be it, kids or young adults, high decibel sound can affect ears. People who listen to headphones can face noise-induced hearing loss issues.