We live in a world where everything is transported by the use of vehicles, so it is necessary to have knowledge about vehicle pollution. But before that let us talk about pollution. Pollution is the introduction of harmful materials into the environment. These harmful materials are called pollutants. Similarly, vehicle pollution is the introduction of harmful pollutants into the environment by motor vehicles.
The pollutants introduced have several effects on human health and the symptoms include cough, nausea, headache, irritation in the eye, and visibility problems. As the population increases, the purchasing power of the people also increases therefore everyone has a vehicle these days for transportation which is very bad for the environment.
In this essay on vehicle pollution, we are going to talk about the ingredients of vehicle pollution, causes of vehicle pollution, the effects of vehicle pollution, and how it could be controlled.
The major cause of vehicle pollution is the rapid increase in the number of vehicles. Over the last few decades, most vehicles have been produced. The population of vehicles was about 1.4 billion in 2020 itself. The rapid growth in vehicles means more fuel is required which results in the emission of harmful gases in the environment that causes air pollution. Other major factors that contribute to the increase in vehicular pollution in urban areas are poor fuel quality, use of old vehicles, congested traffic which results in smog, no proper traffic management, two-stroke engines, no proper maintenance of vehicles.
Hazardous air pollutants are the chemical compounds that are emitted by trunks, cars, gas pumps, and other related sources.
Sulfur dioxide is another main pollutant that is released into the environment when the sulfur present in the fuel burns especially diesel. It possesses a health risk to most children and can even lead to asthma.
Carbon monoxide is formed by the combustion of fuels such as gasoline. It is both colourless and odourless gas. When carbon monoxide is inhaled, it can block the transport of oxygen to the brain, heart, and other important organs in the body.
Particulate matter- These possess a serious threat to human health as they penetrate into the human lungs and can cause serious breathing problems. A type of particulate matter is soot seen in motor vehicles.
Nitrogen oxides- Oxides of nitrogen can cause irritation in the lungs and weaken the body’s defence against respiratory infections like pneumonia.
Global warming is considered to be the leading effect of vehicular pollution. Pollutants released from the vehicles result in the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere which results in depletion of the ozone layer. Depletion of the ozone layer results in an increase in the atmospheric temperature which in turn causes global warming. Other effects of vehicular pollution include smog and acid rain formation, reduction in the quality of air which affects tourism and it also causes health problems and lung-related diseases.
Vehicular pollution cannot be eliminated completely but it can be reduced and managed if major changes are made by individuals and the government.
Vehicle maintenance should be done by the owner once in a while. one should ensure that his or her vehicle does not release any harmful pollutants into the atmosphere and is in good condition. Maintenance of cars should be done which includes regular filtering of oil, changing of engine oil, and greasing of moving parts should be done regularly.
Old vehicles should be discarded and new ones should be acquired immediately as they are one the major factors that not only cause air pollution due to the old engine but also cause a lot of accidents on the road.
Carpooling should be considered as one of the options to reduce vehicular pollution. People living in the same area or working at the same place should consider carpooling as it not only reduces traffic but also saves money on fuel and maintenance of the vehicle.
The government should consider implementing policies that would restrict people to reduce the use of vehicles every day. Electric buses and trains should run in the entire city and replace buses that run on diesel. Electric cars could also be used as they are environmentally friendly. Bicycle stalls could be installed in each city so that people could use them instead of using vehicles.
Vehicle pollution is the introduction of harmful pollutants into the environment by motor vehicles. As the population increases, the purchasing power of people also increases that results in people buying more vehicles which is clearly not good for the environment.
The major cause of vehicle pollution is a rapid increase in the number of vehicles for example a report of 2020 stated that 1.5 billion vehicles were sold in 2020 itself. The rapid growth of vehicles means more fuel is burnt which results in the emission of harmful gases into the environment which in turn causes major health problems. Other major factors that contribute to the increase in vehicular pollution in urban areas are poor fuel quality, Use of old vehicles, congested traffic which results in smog, no proper traffic management, use of two-stroke engines, no proper maintenance of vehicles.
Pollutants that are increasing vehicular pollution include sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, thin particulate matter that is a release from cars and trucks, and ozone. These pollutants when released into the atmosphere not only increase vehicular pollution but also are causing serious health problems such as headache, fever, irritation in the eyes, breathing problem, pneumonia, and other lungs related issues.
Vehicular pollution cannot be completely eliminated but it can be controlled and reduced if major changes are made by everyone and government bodies. Vehicle maintenance should be done which includes regular filtering of oil, changing of engine oil, and greasing of moving parts. Carpooling and bike pooling options should be considered by individuals living in the same area or working at the same place. Instead of using vehicles that run on fossil fuels electric cars and bikes should be considered.
The main aim of the essay on vehicle pollution is to make the reader understand how they could contribute to reducing the use of vehicles in daily life which in turn reduces vehicular pollution. As we know vehicle pollution is considered to be the leading cause of air pollution around the globe and the good thing is it could be managed and controlled if each and every individual thinks about pollution that excessive use of vehicles is causing.
Instead of driving everywhere one could use a bicycle or can even walk this not only is good for health but also eco-friendly. Regular maintenance of cars that includes regular oil changes, air-filter changes, and spark plug replacements can increase the life span of cars. When people change their mindset and think about ideas through which the world could be a better place to live, great things can happen. In the same way, vehicle pollution can also be controlled.
1. What are the Main Pollutants Emitted by the Vehicles?
Ans- The main pollutants released by the vehicles include Carbon monoxide, Sulfur dioxide, Nitrogen oxide, and particulate matter like soot. The pollutants emitted causes various health disorders like breathing problems, dryness, and irritation in the eyes, headache, and fever.
2. How Can We Reduce Vehicle Pollution?
Ans- Carpooling and bike pooling can help in the reduction of vehicle pollution as it saves fuel. Electric cars and bicycles should be used as they are eco-friendly.