Fuel is one of the most essential commodities for everyday activities. We human beings are undoubtedly dependent on fuel for multiple purposes. Fuel when burned produces energy. Coal, wood, oil, petrol or gas produces energy when heated, so we consider them as fuel. Fuel plays an indispensable role in our lives. But we are facing a huge fuel crisis at the moment. Fuel is not man made resource. It is a natural resource so it is very important that we use fuel very judiciously to save our environment.
Almost everything we use depends on fuel. Some common types of fuels are petrol, gas, diesel, aviation fuel which are used in cooking, automobiles, ships, airplanes, manufacturing and processing etc. It provides electricity for homes and buildings. Industrialization, machineries and fast mode of transportation have become a way of life and they use a whole lot of oil and gas every day.
Despite its enormous benefits, the non-renewable resources, fossil fuels like coal, oil and gas have been exploited sufficiently due to many reasons. Our environment is getting affected severely by harmful and toxic gases due to combustion of fuel. This is causing depletion of the ozone layer and global warming. Rising temperature of earth has resulted in abnormal melting of polar ice caps, flooding of several coastal areas and rising sea levels. Apart from carbon dioxide, many other toxic gases such as sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, arsenic, lead and mercury emissions not only harm our environment but also cause serious health hazards such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer. Respiratory infection has become a common issue with the children. Indeed it has become a threat to life on Earth.
Increase in usage of fossil fuel is depleting their presence within the earth. We should save fuel for a better environment and for our future generation. Conserving energy should be a part of the daily routine of an individual. Every small effort by each individual can make a big difference. In order to meet our growing needs, we should abandon the traditional methods of using this energy and start using renewable resources. This will not only create a better environment but also availability for our future generations. Many organizations around the world are making significant efforts to conserve fuel. They are trying to use renewable energy from sources that will never deplete including solar power, wind power, geothermal power, hydro power and thermal energy. International seminars are being held to reduce the carbon imprint, by making developed and developing nations agree to reduce pollution, emanating from the factories.
At the individual level, you should decrease consumption of fuel in vehicles. For short distances, you can either walk or use cycles. Do car-pooling as much as possible. Periodical maintenance of cars is necessary. Get the air filters of the cars clean time to time because it reduces the consumption of petrol. At homes and commercial establishments use Led bulbs and tube lights. Use the air conditioner in moderation and always at low setting to save energy. Switch off the air conditioner, lights and fans when not in use. Use electrical appliances for cooking and reheating food. Keep your cooking vessels covered while cooking. In addition, you can save electricity by using good quality of wire. You should attach solar panels in offices and streetlights should be intelligent lights. They should turn off automatically in the daylight.
To conclude, if we use the fuel moderately and sustainably, then we can assure the existence of our future generation. The colossal threat of global warming can only be arrested by emission controls and energy efficiency. However, the best solution to the danger of global warming is green activism, less profligate lifestyle habits and sustainable development.
1. What is Fossil Fuel?
It is the fuel used for our daily consumption. It is made up of the remains of the dead and fossils of animals and plants that are buried deep under the Earth’s surface. It forms under the extreme environmental pressure.
2. List some ways to save fuel?
Ans. Here are some ways to save fuel.
Reduce the usage of air conditioner
Periodical maintenance of vehicles
Keep the utensils covered while cooking
Switch off the lights and fans when not in use.
3. Why should we save fuel?
We should save fuel for our future generation and keep our environment safe and clean.
4. What is global warming?
Global warming is the warming up of our planet caused by a steadily thickening blanket of harmful gases building up in the atmosphere.