India is now the world’s fifth-largest economy. For better opportunity, people migrated from rural areas to urban areas. India ranks number 2 in the list of countries by population. The ratio of urban population is larger than the rural areas. Despite its strong economic growth, the country still faces its share of problems. Due to the deprived facility, people faced many problems .In metro cities one serious problem is traffic. Now traffic jams are a part of our life. Traffic Jam simply is known as vehicles stuck on the road. But traffic jams are not a simple issue as defined by the concept. It affected our life and our economy.
Pretty much all time, traffic jams happen due to the infrastructure of Indian roads and bridges. During the rainy season, the road pavement deteriorates due to various factors causing various distresses like the cracks, potholes, depressions, rutting, reveling, etc. take place. In our country, public transportation has not been able to cater to the growing travel demand. For urgent works, people are not able to depend on public transport and they prefer their vehicles and the number of vehicles on road becomes much more than its capacity.
One more unavoidable reason behind traffic jams is the negligence of traffic rules. As a basic traffic rule, makes way for ambulances, but people fail to follow this as their habit. It causes ambulances stuck in traffic jams due to the fact that anyone can lose his/her life. By facing everyday pathetic traffic jams problems, people's behavior starts to become impatient, its impact on their behavior. Road rage happened to more than half of all drivers. Due to traffic jams, most of the time people get late for their work, and to avoid that they drive faster than the speed limit it increases the chances of accidents. Because of traffic kids also have to leave home early in the morning for school. Many kids spend one to one and a half hours on a school bus. Due to traffic jams, air pollution affects their respiratory organs at such a small age.
There may be different reasons for traffic jams but it's directly and very badly affected by our health. Since heavy traffic jams the ratio of air pollution, noise pollution goes high. It's also resulted in a waste of fuel. Another hand facing every day pathetic traffic people starts to get hyper, frustrated, and results in people's psychology. Besides, its effect on their work performance at the end impact on our national growth.
Nowadays the government starts to take some positive steps toward this big problem. Public transport frequency and efficiency are developing day by day. Authority also is taking care of public transport vehicles, online booking facilities, and following schedule time slots. As people also beware about all impact of traffic, if they are not in a rush they prefer carpooling options. Simultaneously, there is much more improvement going to happen in the mode of transport. Metro and Subways help people to maintain smooth traveling. With help of modern technology such as Google Maps, people avoid traffic jams. If people and the government come together then we can overcome the problem of traffic jams.
1. How does traffic jam affect our day to lives?
Traffic Jam affects our day to day life enormously and has now become one of the most serious problems in big cities especially for the working people who need to reach the office on time. Traffic jams also cause mentals and psychological stress that can bring negativity towards work, education and personal life. Traffic Jams tend to waste a lot of time resulting in a non-productive activity. This time could have actually been utilized on some productive work. Employees suffer a maximum loss due to delays for their important work. Traffic jams not only wastes time but also wastes fuels and causes air pollution. To cope up with the time wasted in traffic jams people opt for unsafe driving which leads to road accidents and injuries. Traffic jams also result in constant blowing of horns which creates noise pollution.
2. What are the measures to be taken to avoid traffic jams?
Use of public transport is one of the best ways to avoid traffic jams as collection of unnecessary personal vehicles not only uses space in your garage but also occupies space on the road. Use of carpool and sharing vehicles reduces air pollution and also results in less traffic jams. Traffic rules must strictly be followed and vehicle registration and driving license policy must be strictly implemented. To avoid accidents the authority should improve the condition of roads in India.
3. What are the major causes of traffic jams in India?
With the increase in the population, the number of vehicles in India is also increasing as people are buying more cars and two wheelers to suit their needs. Moreover, the condition of India's road is also not well. This becomes the major reason behind the traffic jam in India. Apart from that there are various other reasons like private encroachments and non-cooperation among drivers leads to traffic jams. Unscientific road design, lack of free ways and footpaths results in the crowd using the main road which also consumes space and leads to traffic jams. Proper bus bays and cycle tracks are required to encourage people using public transport and cycles.
4. Why have traffic jams become a global problem?
Traffic jams have become a global problem because most of the countries are wasting their time unproductively due to traffic congestions. The U.S is the most affected with almost 10 most congested urban areas. Boston approximately loses 164 hours in traffic congestion, Washington wastes around 155 hours and Chicago wastes 138 hours of its time. Other places like New York City, Los Angeles, Seattle, Pittsburgh, San Francisco, etc also lose approx more than 100 hours in traffic congestion. U.S. cities compare to the rest of the world because Boston is the only American city that makes the list of the top 10 most congested cities in the world, weighted for population. Moscow in Russia loses around 210 hours of their time in traffic jams. Istanbul, Colombia, Mexico, Brazil, London, Italy all are the top places suffering from traffic jams.