Soil Pollution Essay

Essay on Soil Pollution

Soil is also called earth, ground or dirt, which is formed by the accumulation of organic and inorganic matter as a bedrock through several years of physical weathering. And, soil pollution is the imbalance in the composition of this organic matter which naturally decomposes and inorganic matter which may be integrated with harmful chemicals that don’t decompose easily and degrade the quality of the soil causing soil pollution. In this soil pollution essay, we will understand the cause and effects of soil pollution.

Short Essay on Soil Pollution

Human-made chemicals are the leading cause of soil pollution as it alters the natural soil environment. And the ingestion of chemicals is at a big-time high due to industrialization and increase in population. This soil pollution essay in English will emphasize on the fact that there are millions of chemicals naturally present in the soil. But when there is an increase in the concentration of a few harmful chemicals, it becomes a threat to living beings as it leads to serious health hazards. 

The main contributors to soil pollution are the frequent use of chemical pesticides, fertilizers with higher concentrations of chemicals then decrease the natural fertility of the earth, uncontrolled disposal of sewage, careless industrial waste spillage like of oils and solid matter from concrete matter used in making buildings and medical waste from hospitals and pharmaceutical labs and poor waste management.

All of the aforementioned causes lead to serious health conditions at all levels of the ecosystem. The plant growth is stunted when grown on such harmful grounds,  the humans who are exposed to food yielded from such an environment can experience short term consequences like fatigue, weakness, headache, skin conditions or long term problems like depression, nervous system damage and animals including aquatic life suffers a great deal from this damage as they live on the polluted water seeped from the polluted soil.

All of this can be resolved when people are consciously reducing the disposal of such harmful wastes into the natural bodies and a proper waste management system is followed.

Long Essay on Soil Pollution

Soil like all other forms of pollution in nature is a growing sense of dread due to its deadly consequences in all living beings in the ecosystem. Man-made materials are the leading cause of soil pollution. When any matter is present in quantities larger than the needed amount, then that becomes a potent threat. In trying to grow at a greater pace they are harming the environment. The biggest threat to this problem is the irresponsibility displayed while disposing of any waste as the disposal of chemicals are not naturally present in the soil so this causes contamination and as the levels increase leads to pollution. In this essay on soil pollution, let’s understand the causes, effects and possible solutions.

Causes of Soil Pollution 

All the causes are interlinked and one another, but the leading causes that do the most damage are as follows-

  1. Industrial Activities 

With the growth of mining industries in the last century, it’s seen that the mineral extraction methods are not necessarily safe as the soil bedrock is diffused and the minerals that are disposed of do not decompose easily and linger for a long time only to harm the environment.

  1. Agricultural Activities

The latest fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides used have a lot for quick growth in plants and these plants when becoming a part of the soil contaminate it as the chemicals do not break down into simpler substances for absorption by the soil.

  1. Waste Management

The waste disposal process is a leading cause of soil pollution, the disposal should be monitored and the biodegradable waste should be separated from non-biodegradable waste which should be sent for recycling.

Effects of Soil Pollution

As we go about our lives, we disregard the devastating effects of soil pollution on the ecosystem and inevitably our health.

  1. When we consume the food grown on such polluted soil the crop absorbs it and then is passed on to us and leads to fatal diseases overtime.

  2. Soil loses its fertility and stunts the growth of the plants and when they are harvested the contaminated soil becomes futile as it is no longer useful for further cultivation as such lands become incompetent to support life and are deserted leaving more space to dump such harmful waste this cyclical nature of cause and effect is deadly.

  3. The food that is produced from such lands also lacks good nutrients and thus creates another generation of malnourished children which hinders their natural growth physically and mentally.

  4. The underground soil water when it meets the natural aquatic bodies, it does a great deal of damage to aquatic life, both plants that grow underwater and animals.

Ways to Curb Soil Pollution

The most important step in starting to solve this problem is by creating awareness and informing people about the dire consequences, and how their contribution can do good to the ecosystem and human nature. The possible solutions to these problems are-

  1. No excess use of fertilizers, and other chemicals used. As these are useful only in required quantities and when overdone leads to the damage so one can avoid overuse of the harmful substances containing chemicals.

  2. Encouraging afforestation i.e. the planting of trees as the more number of trees planted the erosion of soil will be less and this will help in retaining the useful chemicals in the soil and hence increasing the fertility of the soil as well.

  3. Recycling and reusing of waste materials will help a great deal and lessen the harm to a greater degree.


As the saying goes Prevention is better than cure, it is better to take steps in creating a safer environment instead of regretting later. India being agricultural land, we can take steps to organize programs and educate the farmers and other locals to use natural manure, and make them aware of the problems caused by chemicals used.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q.1) How can we Control Soil Pollution?

Ans: On an individual level, we have to take it upon ourselves to reduce the amount of waste produced due to our regular activities on a daily basis. We should also plant more trees and encourage or near ones to do the same. The effect is more impactful when individuals take accountability for their duty to give back to nature. 

Q.2) What are the different Types of Soil Pollution?

Ans: There are two types of soil pollution, the one caused by natural disasters like floods which also erodes the soil, this can be in a specific region or can be widespread. The other one is man-made or called anthropogenic type which is the major cause of the problem.