Waste Management Essay

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Essay on Waste Management

Waste management has gained more momentum in recent years than ever before, due to its inevitable effects on human beings be it directly or indirectly. And the momentum will only propel because of increasing population and increased disposal of waste. Waste management is basically to manage, monitor or regulate the treatment and disposal via collecting and transporting of waste.

In this essay on waste management, we will understand the sources of waste and our role in eliminating it and various ways to aid the process of waste management.

Short Essay on Waste Management

The history is evidence of results of bad waste management. For instance, it is due to poor waste management which has led to an outbreak of cholera and many common problems like diarrhoea, skin infections still prevail. So, it is very important that each and every step has to be efficiently carried out for effective results. 

Waste Management on a Wide-Scale and its Varying Degrees

In this waste management essay, it is important to understand that like any project which has to be done for the greater good of society and aid in sustainable development has to be done on a larger scale. And how well this can be executed differs from country to country. For instance, in developed countries like USA, Germany, Norway, etc the budget sanctioned for such program is much higher and the technological advancement in these countries helps reduce the toxic disposal from industries whereas for developing and underdeveloped countries who lack such facilities and wherein the budget required to operate such facilities is much higher the successful implementation seems farfetched.

Role of an Individual and Government In Waste Management

The crucial part of waste management is recycling the disposed waste, especially plastic, which for eons has been a huge threat to the planet and inevitably the living being. To be able to execute a successful operating system it’s important to take smaller steps first; on an individual level. The first step can be taken at our own homes and immediate surroundings itself by separating liquids, solids, organic, inorganic and plastic wastes. To promote the practice further, the government has to invest in setting up plants for recycling purposes in every district, village, town and city so that the plants in that area can recycle the waste immediately without loading it on nature. 

Long Essay on Waste Management 

Post industrialisation, it is evident that the industrial waste produced has only increased and released harmful chemical wastes with zinc and oils into water bodies, this action can result in fatal consequences. Recycling of plastic waste to minimise the disposal and reduce the threat whereas the organic and inorganic waste can be used as compost for the gardens or backyard instead of disposing it into water bodies and polluting it. 

This information should be widespread and be inculcated in society through educational workshops benefiting society. When an individual role is done with utmost sincerity and dedication, it becomes easier to achieve the goal at a government-wide scale.

As it is the very water body which provides for agriculture, drinking water and other household chores requiring water. When agriculture lands are the immediate recipients of such toxic elements the food we consume is deadly and the consequences are dangerous. 

It’s very important to take steps towards sustainable development and conservation of natural resources else we will pay an unfortunate price. As there is more and more information readily available about the damage caused due to plastic and the toxic expulsion causing global warming in this essay on waste management, it is important to understand the sources and types of waste.

The Sources of Waste

  1. Waste created from industries and factories which is located near the river banks and often dump their waste into the river bodies and are major contributors of pollution, this type of waste is called Industrial Waste which comprises oils, glass, harmful gases, and many harmful released medical waste.

  2. In our day to day lives, there is so much waste collected at homes and it is called the Domestic Waste which includes food wraps, leaves, vegetable peels, leftovers, etc.

  3. All workplace also contributes to waste production like schools, colleges, offices, shops, and it is called as Commercial Waste which includes paper, plastic cups, tin cans from canteens, glass, etc.

  4. Waste is also produced from the agricultural fields, which are classified under agricultural waste that include husks, weeds, cattle dung, etc.

Types of Waste are as Follows:

  1. Biodegradable Waste 

Biodegradable waste which is also called moist waste the source of this is often our kitchen or gardens and farming lands which relatively take shorter periods to decompose and form manure that serves as natural fertilizers.

  1. Non-Biodegradable Wastes 

Non-Biodegradable wastes like plastic, glass pieces, and other dry waste which may take years to decompose or might never and only get accumulated into natural water bodies, harming the environment.

The Ways of Waste Management are:

  1. Recycling 

Instead of throwing away plastic wraps or bag they can be reused and recycling plants are set up for the same purpose so that the same plastic material can be collected to recycle and produce plastic bags instead of creating new ones, the paper can also be recycled in the same way and the students and office goers can use them.

  1. Compost Pits 

The importance of this step is that it helps a great deal in agriculture as the fertilizers made using organic waste can be used basically the biodegradable waste is naturally composed by the action of bacteria and fungi.

  1. Landfills

The garbage can be decomposed over several years when on the ground in a large pit and a layer of mud is effectively used to cover it mainly practised to remove odour.


In this essay on waste management, it is crucial to understand there are so many benefits one can experience at all stages of lives as the harm to the natural environment is avoided to a great degree when waste management is done successfully and we can live in a pollution-free environment creating more opportunities of people to contribute to the well being of the society. 

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q.1) What are the Challenges Faced in Waste Management? 

Ans: One of the major challenges associated with waste management is solid waste management due to an increase in industrialization. The waste disposal is only rising and in cities with high population faces the wrath of this even more as with time there is deterioration in the natural environment and thus the health of the working class.

Q.2) How can One Tackle this Problem of Waste Management?

Ans: The most effective way to resolve this problem is by reducing the production of waste itself; one can do that by composting the food and garden waste or by segregating and sending for recycling. The other important way is by addressing the public on the importance of waste management and its benefits to the environment.