Indira Gandhi, one of the iconic prime ministers of India, took the seat after the untimely death of Lal Bahadur Shashtri, the previous prime minister. She was a stalwart politician and is also known as the ‘Iron lady of India’.
She has an excellent background in terms of academics and politics. For this, she was considered as one of the strongest characters that built our nation and made it stronger. She faced a lot of discrimination when it came to politics as India back then was not free from the social stigmas of gender.
She was the president of the Indian National Congress, the major party that had played a commendable role in freeing India from the shackles of the British Rule. When she became the Prime Minister of India, the mother party broke into two halves. The situation was under huge turmoil but she showed her iron determination and constructed a strong platform for our country, as well as, the party.
Shrimati Indira Gandhi was born on November 19, 1917, in Uttar Pradesh. Her parents were always travelling. She got the idea of multicultural traditions and received an excellent education. She studied in Oxford and Shanti Niketan and gathered immense knowledge in different subjects. She married Feroz Gandhi in the year 1942 and had two sons, Sanjay Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi. She was widowed when her husband passed away in 1960.
In her early adulthood, she witnessed the destructive effect of World War I on India. She witnessed how the Colonial Rule absorbed the treasures and resources of India to fuel the war. She was part of the Indian National Congress and worked alongside Mahatma Gandhi. She learned a lot from the top politicians back then. She earned her position as a formidable member of the same party. She was chosen by the rest of the members as the president of the Indian National Congress in 1959. Her father Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the beacon whom she followed to become a politician. After he died in 1964, she was elected as the Minister of Information and Broadcasting in the same year.
She was then chosen as the Prime Minister of India after the demise of Lal Bahadur Shashtri. It was then her knowledge of holding such a responsible position came in very handy. Her father was the first prime minister of India. She witnessed how her father took the decisions. She then used her experience to run our country for 17 years. Her prime ministerial regime is divided into two phases.
Under her regime, the entire political scenario of India became more constructive and united. She showed the entire world what a woman is capable of. During her ministerial span, Pakistan was defeated in the war of 1971. India then established the stepping stone to becoming a superpower in the entire world. She also nationalized all the existing banks back then so that common people can enjoy more convenience. Her decision regarding Justice Sinha compelled her to bring an internal emergency that led to her defeat in 1977. She regained her position within 2.5 years and became the Prime Minister in 1980.
In her second term, she faced even more challenges. The rise in Khalistani activities made her worried and restless. She attacked the Golden Temple to rescue the temple from the terrorists. This fuelled rage among the Sikhs. On 31st October 1984, she was shot by her own security guards in her compound.
She was the epitome of women’s power that the entire world realized during her strong regime. She brought prosperity to the common and made India stronger by emerging as a formidable power. She is referred to as the Iron Lady of India.
1. What was Indira Gandhi’s Foundation for Politics?
Ans: Indira Gandhi was the daughter of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Kamala Nehru. Both the parents were highly educated and strong-willed. They travelled India and across the world along with their daughter. She witnessed the diversity of Indian culture and saw how India needs to be rebuilt from scratch. She studied many subjects in Oxford and Shanti Niketan. She also served as a party member alongside her father when he was the prime minister. She also stayed alongside Mahatma Gandhi and participated in our country’s movement to gain independence. This made the foundation of her political career.
2. Why was Indira Gandhi Defeated in 1977?
Ans: She took a monumental decision regarding Justice Sinha’s case and made history. This enraged the common people of India. The entire country was in turmoil and she was forced to impose an emergency lockdown. This abrupt decision and her verdict in Justice Sinha’s case resulted in her defeat. Despite the fact, she bounced back in the midterm poll sessions within 2.5 years. She became the Prime Minister of India for the second time.
3. Why was Indira Gandhi Killed by Her Own Guards?
Ans: Her ministerial regime started in the year 1980 for the second time. She faced many grave challenges back then. The northern part of our country was then suffering from the terroristic activities of the Khalistanis. She ordered the army to break into the Golden Temple under the codename Operation Blue Star in June 1984. This was not accepted by the Sikhs. She was shot in her compound by her own guards and killed on October 31, 1984.