Essay on Politics

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Politics Essay

Politics has become a popular word in today's world, and it is commonly used. Politics is still involved in the functioning of every government, whether it is theocratic, democratic, autocratic, monarchical, or otherwise. The government makes decisions on matters of public interest, issues orders for public health direct citizens toward growth and development, and performs a variety of other functions.

Long Essay on Politics

There are several definitions of politics. Politics is described as a disagreement between groups over what they both like, according to one definition. Politics, according to another term, is "who gets what, where, and how." The government is characterised as an entity with the legal authority to regulate people's actions.

However, why do so many people despise politics and politicians? Is it that politicians are untrustworthy, or because they waste so much money? Whatever the reasons for people's hatred of politics and government, both are important as a means of self-defence.

The word "politics" is used in daily life to explain how countries are governed and how governments make rules and laws. Politics can be seen in a variety of settings, including businesses, clubs, colleges, and churches.

The government attempts to lead the country/people. Governments, for example:

  • Determine who gets which parcels of land.

  • Decide who has the authority to tell others what to do.

  • Decide on whether or not to go to war with another nation.

  • Make some cash.

  • Roads, hospitals, libraries, and ports are examples of items that can be built for the benefit of the whole group.

  • People should be trained, either for their benefit or to learn what the government needs them to know.

  • Look after the very young, the sick, and the elderly.

  • Manages the country's health and the funds available for expenditure on utilities (Hospitals, Schools, etc.).

Having laws and regulations that tell everyone what they can and cannot do is one of the ways the government leads the group. These regulations are enacted by the government to ensure that society is protected and well-ordered. The statute that states, "You must not drink alcohol while driving a car," prevents people from driving while inebriated, which can be fatal. The law stating that "you must wear a helmet on a motorcycle" ensures that riders are protected when riding their motorcycles.

Apart from making laws, the government will regulate citizens and what happens in a country in other ways.

People in most countries have created political parties to express their views. Within a faction, there is generally some discord, but members work together because they believe they can compromise on enough issues and gain more influence if they band together. They agree to take similar positions on certain topics and to support the same legislative reforms and representatives. An election is normally a contest between opposing political parties.

There are several different views of what politics is, and with disagreement comes debate. There are four major classes of interpretations:

  • Politics as the art of governance, which is the conventional viewpoint.

  • Politics as public relations, which interprets politics as being synonymous with public life (which is difficult to define) and focuses on state institutions.

  • Politics as compromise and agreement, which emphasises how decisions are made.

  • Politics as power.

Every day, basic dialogue reinforces these political viewpoints. People are considered to be "in politics" if they hold public office or "entering politics" if they want to run for office. Cabinet rooms, legislative chambers, and government offices are where politics is practised, and only a select group of citizens, usually legislators and civil servants, have access. Other perspectives, such as politics as force, assume that it is practised by the ability to achieve the desired outcome.

This conventional viewpoint ensures that politics is conducted within a system of checks and balances to avoid the misuse of political power. These institutions are the legislative body, which makes laws, the executive power, which imposes them, and the judiciary, which interprets them, resulting in a powerful political perspective. However, it may be considered antiquated in today's culture, and people may believe they are not being adequately reflected because they are unable to equate their views and desires with those of politicians.

Short Politics Essay in English

Politics, in general, is the platform by which people create, maintain, and change the laws that govern their lives. As a result, conflict and collaboration are inextricably connected in politics. On the one hand, the presence of conflicting views, competing expectations, competing needs, and competing interests is expected to result in conflict over the rules under which people live.

Politics is fascinating because everyone has a different perspective on life and its rules. They have differing opinions about how they should live. What money should go to whom? What is the best way to disperse power to help the powerless? Is it better for society to be built on collaboration or conflict? And so forth. They also talk about how such disputes can be resolved. What is the best way to make decisions as a group? In what conditions does who have a say? How much say should each person have in decisions? The list goes on.

This, according to Aristotle, made politics the "master science," which he described as "the action by which human beings strive to better their lives and build and contribute to a Good Society." Politics is, first and foremost, a social practice. It's still a conversation, but the parties have reduced it to a monologue.

Any effort to grasp the sense of the word "politics" must always grapple with two major issues. The first is the different connotations that this word has in everyday speech. Unlike economics, geography, history, and biology, which most people think of as academic subjects, few people approach politics without preconceptions. The second, more complicated issue is that even well-respected authorities cannot agree about what politics is all about. It has infiltrated nearly every aspect of society.

Hence, we can say that the exercise of authority, the sacred science of governance, the making of unified decisions, the distribution of limited resources, the art of deceit and exploitation, and so on are all terms used to describe politics.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. How do we Define Politics?

Ans. Politics is the collection of activities connected with community decision-making or other types of power relations between individuals, such as resource allocation or status.

Q2. Name the Various National-Level Political Parties in India.

Ans. There are several national-level political parties in India. The major ones include:

  • All India Trinamool Congress(AITC)

  • Bahujan Samaj Party(BSP)

  • Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP)

  • Communist Party of India(CPI)

  • Communist Party of India(Marxist)

  • Indian National Congress(INC)

  • National People’s Party(NPP)

  • Nationalist Congress Party(NCP)