One of the best tourist locations in New Delhi, India Gate is a war memorial that the British established in the honor of the Indian soldiers who died fighting for them in World War I. It was established in February 1931. It was designed and developed by Edwin Lutyens setting the imperial European architecture on our country’s soil.
The British fought World War I by recruiting our soldiers in the First World War. This war tore apart the countries involved in terms of lives and the economy. It was the colonial rulers like the British who got immense help from India and utilized its resources to win the war. Despite the win, India lost many sons in these four years of the gruesome war. Injuries and illnesses wreaked havoc in the armies posted in different parts of the world. So many lives were lost fighting the enemies. Even if the countries reached peace and signed a treaty, the lives lost could not be returned. It was the respect that the British Empire paid by erecting a monument to commemorate 13,300 martyrs. India Gate is the perfect epitome of such memories that so many families went through during World War I.
The architectural design of this gate makes the presentation even better. It took almost a decade to build this memoir. Edwin Lutyens was the prime architect of this monument. He was also the frontline member of the grave and memorial development team of the British Empire. This edifice is 42 m tall and 9.1 m wide. The entire structure is made of yellow and red granite and sandstone. The triumphal arch is the prime element of its design. The internal dome is made to accommodate fire burned during any important occasions held by the British its main design was inspired by the brilliant architecture of Arc de Triomphe de l'Etoile located in Paris, France.
India Gate is considered to be one of the most prominent tourist locations that we must visit in the city of Delhi. The Indian capital is adorned with this monument which is almost 90 years old. This monument has the names of the martyred soldiers carved on the stone. This erection is situated right in the centre of the city. Every day, many people visit this location to spend time and enjoy the manicured greenery around it. There are beautiful lawns and gardens where commoners sit, talk, and enjoy spending time with their families and friends.
India Gate is a prominent location in Delhi. It is also an attraction for all the tourists visiting our country from all over the world. This place has an entry ticket. It is open to all. In the summer season, people gather after the sunset and enjoy the lit areas. Some hawkers sell their products to the commoners here. During the winter season, the soothing sun is what keeps us sitting on the grass and having fun. This place is open for picnics organized by the commoners. They pack lunch and come to this location to spend a beautiful day with their families. After spending an entire day, the sunsets and the beautiful illuminations lit the entire place. The sight of this location becomes extremely adorable for all.
During national festivals and other important days, this place is decorated like a bride. The Amar Jawan Jyoti is another small edifice built under this monument to commemorate the martyrs who lost their lives while fighting the Indo-Bangladesh War in 1971. You will see a fire burning continuously close to this edifice in India Gate to show respect to the martyrs of this war. Visiting this place revives history. We get to learn a lot about the then Indian soldiers who fought and sacrificed their lives for the sake of our country.
1. Why was India Gate Established?
Ans: India Gate was designed By Edwin Lutyens, the chief architect of the memorials, monuments, and graves constructing committee set by the British. It took 10 years to establish this huge monument. The British took the decision to develop a monument in the memory of the martyred Indian soldiers who fought alongside the British Army in World War I. It was four years of the deadly war. Injuries and illnesses took the lives of these soldiers. The names of 13,300 Indian soldiers are written on the stone walls of this monument.
2. When was Amar Jawan Jyoti Established?
Ans: Amar Jawan Jyoti was established on January 26, 1972, in the memory of the martyrs of the Indo-Bangladesh War fought in the year 1971. This cenotaph was established right beneath the dome of India Gate by the Indian Army Corps of Engineers. A soldier’s helmet on an L1A1 rifle stands tall in the memory of the Indian soldiers who lost their lives while invading Bangladesh (the then Pakistan). A flame burns continuously since the very first day in one of the four urns. On Republic Day and Independence Day, all the urns burn to salute the brave hearts.
3. What Makes India Gate Different from the Other Tourist Locations in Delhi?
Ans: This is the example of Parisian architecture established by the British colonials in the memory of the soldiers who lost their lives fighting for the Allies during World War I. It is a war memorial that was established in 1931. This is why it is different from the other historical locations in Delhi.