Lata Mangeshkar is an Indian playback singer. Her songs are very melodious. People also know her by the name of Swara Kokila. Lata Mangeshkar has sung songs in a total of 36 regional and foreign languages, most of which she has sung in Marathi, Hindi, Bengali, and Assamese. Lata Mangeshkar has been in the profession of playback singing for almost 65 years and is very famous in Bollywood and other regional film industries.
Lata Mangeshkar was born in 1920 in Indore. Her father's name was Pandit Deenanath Mangeshkar and her mother's name was Sevanti. Her father Deenanath Mangeshkar was a classical singer and an established theatre actor. Her mother was a Gujarati who was the second wife of Deenanath. His first wife named Narmada passed away. Lata Mangeshkar has 5 siblings, and she was the eldest of them all, followed by Meena, Asha, Usha, and Hridaynath.
All her four siblings grew up to become honors stabilized singers and musicians. Lata started acting as an actress from the age of 5, in her father's musical play, or the musical drama in Marathi. She loved her sister Asha very much and without her, she would not go anywhere. Lata Mangeshkar was first named Hema, but her father changed her name to Lata. Her father was her first Guru. Deenanath Ji passed away in the year 1942. At that time Lata was only 13 years old.
It is said that the road to success is never easy. Lata Ji also faced many difficulties in making her career. Many musicians initially refused Lata Ji because of her shrill voice. Lata Ji was compared with the famous singer Nur Jahan of that time, but gradually Lata Ji started working on the strength of her passion and talent. Lata Ji’s amazing success made her the strongest woman in the world of playback singers.
When Lata Mangeshkar's father passed away, Master Vinayak, owner of Navayuga Chitrapat Movie Company, assisted the Mangeshkar family and gave Lata Ji her first song. Lata Mangeshkar sang her first song "Naachu Ya Gade, Khelu Saari Mani Haus Bhaari" but her song was removed in the final cut. She then sang her first Hindi song "Mata Ek Sapoot Ki Duniya Badal Le Tu" for a Marathi film Gajaabhaau.
She has sung more than 50000 songs so far in her career. She achieved many records and received many awards for her songs. In an interview, Lata herself declared, "Ghulam Haider is truly my Godfather and the first music director for the faith in my talent."
There are many songs sung by Lata Mangeshkar. Some of the most popular songs are Lag jaa gale from Woh Kaun Thi, Mohe panghat pe from Mughal-E-Azam, Chalte Chalte from Pakeezah, Ae dil e naadaan from Razia Sultan, O sajna barkha bahaar from Parakh, Aayega Aanewaala from Mahal, Raina beeti jaaye from Amar Prem, Satyam Shivam Sundaram from Satyam Shivam Sundaram, Ehsaan Tera Hoga from Junglee , Ae Mere Watan Ke Logon from, Yeh Zindagi Usi Ki Hai from Anarkali, Woh Chup Rahe To from Jahan Ara, Nainon Mein Badra from Mera Saya, Hawa Mein Udta from Barsaat, Nagma Oh Sher Ki from Ghazal, Suno Sajnaa from Aaye Din Bahaar Ke, Rasik Balmaa from Chori Chori.
Apart from singing songs, Lata Mangeshkar has also composed music in many films. She composed a song for the first time in 1955, in a Marathi movie Ram Ram Tamhane. She composed songs for a lot of Marathi movies in the 1960s. Apart from this, Lata Mangeshkar also produced four films, the first film she produced, in 1953, was a Marathi film, after which she produced three Hindi films.
Lata Mangeshkar has received many awards and honors for her melodious singing, she was honored with the biggest award Bharat Ratna which was given to her in 2001. Also, she received Padma Bhushan in 1969, Padma Vibhushan in 1999, Zee Cine Award for Lifetime Achievement in 1999, Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1989, Maharashtra Bhushan Award in 1997, NTR National Award in 1999, Bharat Ratna in 2001, Legion of Honor in 2007 (France highest order), ANR National Award in 2009, 3 National Film Awards, Filmfare awards, and Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award.
In 2012, Lata Mangeshkar was ranked number 10 in Outlook India's poll of the Greatest Indian. Apart from this she also won Maharashtra State Government's Best Music Director Award for the film Sadhi Manase. The song "Airanichya Deva Tula" from the same film received the best song award. A book on Lata Ji, “Lata Mangeshkar- A musical Journey” was also published by author Yatindra Mishra. The book tells about the life of the Queen of Hindi music from the 1940s to the current time.
Lata Mangeskar is one of the best singers in India. A book on Lata Ji, “Lata Mangeshkar- A musical Journey” was published by author Yatindra Mishra. The book tells about the life of the Queen of Hindi music from the 1940s to the current time. She will be always a “Singing Queen of Bollywood”. Lataji’s unbeatable voice is loved by every generation.
Question 1: When was Lata Mangeshkar born? What was the name of her Parents?
Answer : Lata Mangeshkar was born in 1920 in Indore. Her father's name was Pandit Deenanath Mangeshkar and her mother's name was Sevanti.
Question 2: Write a short note about Lata Mangeshkar's Struggle.
Answer : It is said that the road to success is never easy. Lata Ji also faced many difficulties in her career. Many musicians initially refused Lata Ji because of her thin voice. Lata Ji was compared with the famous singer Nur Jahan of that time, but gradually she started working on the strength of her passion and talent. Lata Ji’s amazing success made her the strongest woman in the world of Indian playback singers.
Question 3: When did Lata Mangeshkar get the Bharat Ratna Award?
Answer : Lata Mangeshkar received many awards in her career but the most prestigious award given to her was Bharat Ratna in 2001.