In the whole world, India is the second-largest democratic nation. India got numerous elections that are being conducted every year. The election starts from state elections to the district elections, even extends to the panchayat election. The central elections serve to elect the prime minister of India which is being conducted every five years in the country. All these elections are being conducted by the election commission of India that was established in the year 1950.
In this essay on the election commission of India, we will be talking in detail about the Election Commission of India which will include the various works that the body has done in the last 70 years in an independent India.
India is one of the largest democratic nations in the world, democracy here plays an important role in this country. Also, the Election Commission of India is a humongous body with a lot of responsibilities on its shoulders. The Election Commission of India was formed in the year, 1950.
This body, the Election Commission of India made things quite easier for us ever since the body came into existence. The body looks after a lot many tasks which further help in the smooth functioning of the procedure in the electoral commission. While still now the body is continuously evolving to make the election scenario better.
The Election Commission of India is trying to bring about development in the election scenario to help in making the procedure even easier and better. Firstly, the body introduced the Electronic Voting Machine in the year 2004 during the Lok Sabha Elections. This initiative has decreased manual labour to a significant extent.
The system further introduced the system of ‘voter ID’ in the year 1993. This also helped the electoral process in many ways. Firstly, the Voter ID made the distinction quite clear of people who are eligible to vote and those who cannot.
The Voter ID serves as an identity proof in the government documents that ease ups the process. The IDs have also helped in forming a model of conduct which will ensure fair elections. This also monitors the parties who must follow the code of conduct and its rules which are laid down in the principles.
Another important fact, the Election Commission of India gave the people to avail themselves the option of NOTA in 2014. The abbreviated form of NOTA is ‘None of the Above. NOTA helps the individuals to cast their vote in a worthful manner and not giving it to someone out of mere obligation. Moreover, this also represents the condition of the political parties in India.
Even after the changes and the developments in the Election Commission of India which has brought in our country, the commission still faces quite a lot of criticism for its various moves. One of the major problems it faced is the issue of EVM. As per claims, these machines are never a hundred percent accurate and thus may be tampered with it. Thus, people may not consider the results of the EVM to be genuine or authentic.
Furthermore, there cropped a big issue of many voters’ names being left out of the voters’ list. Many people often do not find their names on this list and hence they are barred from participating in the electoral process. This creates a great fuss amongst the citizens of India.
The model of code of conduct by the Election Commission of India was also being criticized. This is known to us that during the campaigning, many parties portray hatred to their opposition parties and thus deliver hate speeches. This model code of conduct also monitors this particularly, however it is said that they were partial in punishing these parties while turning a blind eye to the other parties which they favour the most.
The Election Commission of India is identified as an autonomous and independent body that is under the constitution of India was established in the year 1950. The roles and responsibilities of the election commission of India are to conduct free and fair elections in the country and this is to implement the values of democracy and secularism in the society.
There are quite a lot of milestones that the Election Commission of India has brought about in these 70 years of existence in the country. Some of these notable achievements of the ECI happens to be the introduction of the electronic voting machine in the year 2004 in the Lok Sabha elections. Another great achievement by the ECI is the introduction of voter ID cards for the people of the country. The introduction of NOTA in the year 2014 is another example of how well the ECI works on its own. The Robust and bold implementation of the model code of conduct during the elections of 2009 was another great milestone to know.
The Election Commission of India has contributed significantly to make India a democratic nation. The people with the help of this body elects the members who on behalf of the people are ruling the country. This body has created great independence in the procedure of election.
Q1. What do You Mean by Elections?
Ans. An election is a formal group that helps in the decision-making process where the population chooses an individual or a multiple set of individuals to hold public office. In order to elect, implies "to select or make a decision", and hence at times other forms of ballot like the referendums are as well referred to in the elections, especially in the United States.
Q2. Explain NOTA.
Ans. NOTA means "None of The Above", the option enables the voter to officially register the vote of rejection for all the candidates who are contesting. When a voter chooses to press the NOTA, this indicates that the voter will not choose to vote for any of the parties in the election.
Q3. What do You Mean by Secularism?
Ans. Secularism is the principle that seeks to conduct human affairs that are based on secular and naturalistic considerations. Secularism is most commonly defined as the separation of religion from civic affairs and from the state, this may be broadened to a similar position that concerns the need to suppress religion in any of the public spheres.