Sarojini Naidu, a poet, and an Indian activist, is known for her history-altering deeds related to instilling feminism. She also played an important role in the Indian independence movement. Here you will find a long and short essay on Sarojini Naidu written by the experts for Class 7 students and above. The short and long version of the essay will provide a foundation to learn how to write an essay on this eminent personality. Follow the format of this Sarojini Naidu essay to score more in the exams.
Born on 13th February 1879, Sarojini Naidu was a Bengali. She was born in Hyderabad to a prosperous family. Since her young age, she showed exceptional skills that made her stand out from the crowd. She had beautiful skills of writing poems. Her marvellous writing skills offered her an opportunity to study in two of the best institutions, Girton College, University of Cambridge, and King’s College in England.
It was her family that instilled progressive thoughts and high values in her mind. She grew up in a very forward environment. This is the reason why she believed in equality and justice for all. With these excellent personality features, she grew up to be one of the best poetesses in India and an ardent political activist.
When the British Government implied the divide and rule policy to curb down the independence movement in Bengal by partitioning the state in 1905, she took it very seriously. She became a political activist and traveled a lot of places in India to deliver speeches. She wanted to see all the natives of contemporary India unite against the tyranny of the British colonial rule. All her speeches and lectures focused on nationalism and social welfare.
She took a step ahead and formed the Women’s Indian Association. This association was formed in the year 1917. She gathered many women activists like her. After three years, she then joined Mahatma Gandhi in the Satyagraha movement. She then carried her nationalistic deeds under the supervision of Mahatma Gandhi. She also took part in the 1930’s Salt March. The British police arrested the protesters and she was one of them.
She was on the frontline leading the Civil Disobedience Movement and Quit India Movement. Many significant nationalists and freedom fighters were present at that time. These two movements literally shook the pillars of British rule. She continued to fight for the independence of her country. After India got independence, she was appointed as the first governor of the United Provinces. She was also the first female governor of India.
She wrote excellent books on poetry. As mentioned earlier in this Sarojini Naidu essay, she had remarkable poetry skills. When she was in school, she wrote a Persian play named Maher Muneer. It was so good that she got praised by the contemporary Nizam of Hyderabad. In 1905, she published her first poetry collection with the name ‘The Golden Threshold’. She was a remarkable poetess who knew how to write poems for all. She has amazed children with her skills. She also instilled patriotism with her critical poems. Her tragic and comedic poems also have immense significance in Indian literature.
Her poem collection named ‘The Bird of Time: Songs of Life, Death & the Spring’ was published in 1912. This book contains the most popular poems she wrote. One of her immortal creations, ‘In the Bazaars of Hyderabad’, she painted a beautiful image of the bazaar just with her words. She wrote many poems in her lifetime. She died on 2n March 1949 due to cardiac arrest in Lucknow. After her death, her daughter published her last book ‘The Feather of The Dawn’ in her memory. Her indomitable spirit to establish women’s rights gave her the name the ‘Nightingale of India’.
Sarojini Naidu was born in Hyderabad on 13th February 1879 in a Bengali family. Her parents were very progressive and had excellent values. This is what made her highly thoughtful about the nation and its people. She grew up with excellent values in her family. She was a bright child with beautiful poetry skills. She completed her higher studies from Girton College, University of Cambridge, and King’s College in England.
Her poem started to gain popularity. She also used her words to spread patriotism and speak about nationalism in different places in India. She established the Women’s Indian Association and then became a significant part of India’s independence movement. She was the frontline warrior in the Civil Disobedience Movement and Satyagraha Movement. She joined the team of Mahatma Gandhi after Bengal was partitioned into two.
She was the first female governor of the United Provinces of free India. She also established her name as the poetess in the Indian history of literature. Her poem collections painted the picture of contemporary India perfectly. Her determination and fight for women’s rights gave her the name the ‘Nightingale of India’.
Sarojini Naidu, the Nightingale of India, was an Indian political activist and the first to fight for women’s rights. This Sarojini Naidu essay in English tells us about her early life and her fight against the British rule.
1. Why were Sarojini’s thoughts and ideologies progressive?
Ans. As per the Sarojini Naidu essay, her ideologies and thoughts were quite progressive because of the values instilled by her parents. Her mother and father were educated and had excellent thoughts related to nationalism, peace, and equality. She gained the same qualities from her parents.
2. What did she do for women’s rights?
Ans. According to this essay on Sarojini Naidu, she was an ardent follower of nationalism and equality. According to her, everyone has the same right. She actively fought to establish women’s rights and founded the Women’s Indian Association in 1917.
3. Which poem is her best of all the creations?
Ans. This Sarojini Naidu in English essay suggests that ‘In the Bazaars of Hyderabad’ is the best poem she wrote. Her words explained about the local bazaars like a picture.