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National Constitution Day Essay

Last updated date: 17th Apr 2024
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Essay on National Constitution Day

National Constitution Day is also known as the Samvidhan Divas on the 26th of November every year. This day gets its significance as on this day in the year 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India has adopted the Constitution of India. After which, the Constitution of India came into force on the 26th of January 1950. We celebrate every 26th of January as Republic Day.

In this National Constitution Day essay, our point is to talk about the importance of the constitution and how the same has crafted the Indian society since independence. 

Long Essay on National Constitution Day

The Constitution of India declares a socialist, secular, democratic, and sovereign republic which gives the citizens of this country equal justice and liberty and also promotes the values of the fraternity. The constitution is the only backbone of the country which has kept the country together, with many other diverse cultures, various other languages, and ethnicities, for 70 years long.

The year 2015 was the 125th birth anniversary of Baba Saheb Ambedkar, in this occasion, the Government of India decided to celebrate National Constitution Day in a massive way. For this sole purpose, a special committee was formed under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi. Various other ministries and departments organized the various programs throughout the year with a view to uplift the thoughts and ideas of Baba Saheb Ambedkar. However, National Constitution Day is not a public holiday.

The Indian Constitution is one of the biggest constitutions in the whole world as the creator of the constitution took the essence of the constitution from the American, British, and also from the Japanese constitution. This can be said that the Indian Constitution is a mix of all the best constitutions in the world. Any harm done to the democratic and secular fabric of the nation is to be punished as this means harm to the democracy of India which in turn harms the constitution of India.

The department of Education and Literacy studies the preamble of the constitution.  The salient features of the constitution are known to the students through lectures and seminars.

Various quiz and essay competitions both are conducted on the Constitution of India. Also, as per the instructions of the Department of Higher Education, many universities arranged mock parliamentary debates in the colleges. The University Grants Commission (UGC) also organized an all-India quiz competition at Ambedkar University, Lucknow.

The Ministry of External Affairs has also instructed all the overseas Indian schools to celebrate the 26th  of  November as National Constitution Day. They asked the embassies to translate the Indian constitution into the local language of that nation after which they were to be distributed at various academies, libraries, and faculties. On the 26th of November each year, the Department of Sport organized a symbolic run called “Run for Equality”. On the 26th of November 2015, a special session in the Parliament was conducted which gives tribute to the constitution and to Baba Saheb Ambedkar. On this occasion, the Parliament House was decorated and illuminated with lights.

On 11th October 2015, after laying down the foundation stone of Dr B.R. Ambedkar the prime minister of India, Narendra Modi officially declared 26th November as the National Constitution Day, and this was notified in the Gazette as well.

Baba Saheb in his time was the chairman of the drafting committee of the Constituent Assembly in India. Ambedkar played a very significant role while he drafted the Indian Constitution.


We celebrate this day to spread the importance and awareness of the Constitution as well as the ideas and thoughts of the Baba Saheb Ambedkar. This is quite noteworthy that previously this day was celebrated as National Law Day, now it is celebrated as National Constitution Day.

We celebrate National Constitution Day to honour this nobleman who has helped the Indians to be truly democratic. India is a country with a diverse culture, hence drafting the constitution by sorting help with the various other best constitution of the world was the best thing done by Dr B.R. Ambedkar.

In conclusion, we can say that the Indians will surely thrive to preserve the constitution and follow the same. 

Short Essay on National Constitution Day

National constitution day is celebrated to inculcate and honour the values and features of the constitution across schools. This day is being celebrated in many colleges and in various government institutions. The constitution of India is grounded on the values of liberty equality and fraternity. In fact, this constitution of India is an amalgamation of various best and top constitutions around the world like the French constitution, the American constitution, and also the Russian constitution.

The concept of equality, liberty, and fraternity was taken from the constitution of France, the concept of the five-year plan was taken from the Russian constitution, while the concept of the independent functioning of the Judiciary was taken from the constitution of Japan. Indian Constitution is held to be one of the biggest constitutions existing in the world and also one of the best constitutions on this entire planet.

If every clause of the Indian Constitution is followed in practice and in spirit, India will become a pure democratic nation, but this is said easier than done as there are loopholes in the Indian Constitution that ill-minded people take advantage of.  India is a diverse country with many languages, religions, ethnicities, diversities, and also cultural identities.

Therefore, it might become quite difficult to follow the constitution word to word. Nevertheless, the state is required to obey the clauses of the Constitution else the democracy will be hampered.

Thus, our constitution is a constitution that will help in the acute democracy and help the people to develop mindfully. 


A constitution is a set of rules and laws that regulate the governing and controls of the running of a country. The political principles practise, and powers of the Indian government are based on the constitution. With 395 articles and 12 schedules, it has the longest constitution in the whole globe. The constitution establishes the framework that demarcates the fundamental political code, structure, processes, powers, and duties of government institutions, as well as fundamental rights, guiding principles, and citizen responsibilities.

FAQs on National Constitution Day Essay

1. What is a Constituent Assembly?

A constituent assembly, often referred to as a constitutional convention, congress, or assembly, is a group established to draught or amend a constitution. Members of a constituent assembly may be appointed, elected through sortition, or a combination of these methods. Assembly members may include many members of the legislature, although assemblies are frequently thought of as distinct from regular legislatures.

2. What is the Constitution of India?

A Constitution is a set of rigid rules and regulations which guide the administration of the country. The constitution of India is the regulatory framework for political principles and powers to the government.

3. Who was Dr. B.R. Ambedkar?

Dr Ambedkar was the renowned chairman of the Drafting Committee. He was a socialist and he was against caste divisions and inequalities. Dr Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar is credited as being the father of the Indian Constitution. He was the Law Minister at the time, and he presented the final text of the Constitution to the Constituent Assembly. B. R. Ambedkar, himself a Dalit, pushed for the abolition of the caste system and supported Dalit uprisings. He is still regarded as a Dalit hero today.