Pollution has become a very common yet serious issue in today’s world. It has been there for a long time even before human evolution such as volcanic eruption, wildfire which lead to various photochemical reactions in the atmosphere. The current concern is that it is rising day by day due to various resources of pollutants. And, one of the pollutants is human and human-created machines. It is to say that pollution is damaging the mother earth severely and we, humans, should play our part to prevent it from happening.
Pollution sepsis the presence of contaminants in the natural environment that causes harm and damage and it leads to adverse changes.
There are mainly three kinds of pollution - 1) Air Pollution, 2) Water Pollution, and 3) Soil Pollution.
Air Pollution occurs due to the presence of harmful gases and substances in the air. It is due to vehicle emission, dust and dirt, poisonous gasses from the factories etc. To reduce air pollution, we should use carpooling or public transport rather than using your private vehicles, we should avoid burning trash or other materials etc.
Water Pollution happens when toxic substances get mixed in various water bodies such as lakes, oceans, rivers etc. Here toxic substances mean Chemical fertilizer, Industrial waste, Sewage and wastewater, Mining activities, Marine dumping etc.
Soil pollution depicts the contamination of soil due to the presence of toxic substances [such as Excessive use of fertilisers and pesticides, deforestation, industrial waste etc.]. To maintain the soil’s fertility, the government must limit the usage of fertilizers and plant more trees.
There are a few other pollutants apart from the aforementioned ones such as Radioactive pollution. This is one of the rarer types of pollution. It occurs due to the presence of radioactive substances such as nuclear waste in the air, solids, liquids or any other places.
Upon learning about the harmful effects of pollution, it is everyone’s responsibility to take some steps towards prevention. We should be aware of all the possible preventive measures to help reduce every kind of pollution such as to curb air pollution, we should avoid bursting crackers during any festival or using public transport or carpool to reduce air pollution or cutting down the usage loudspeaker and public honking would help in noise pollution. We should always be aware of this situation and take measures accordingly. It’s us who should be cautious in the beginning and make everyone else surrounding us conscious as well. We should take eco-friendly steps like planting more trees, reduce the usage of plastic, use more sustainable products in the household etc. while talking about the pollution of the entire world, you should always remember that every small step will lead to a bigger impact one day definitely.
In a nutshell, every kind of pollution leaves a huge negative impact on our environment, human lives, animals etc. We, as responsible citizens, must take steps towards a better tomorrow. We must join hands to take various initiatives and fight against this problem. A lot of innocent lives are put in danger due to pollution every day. If we don’t do anything from now on or take a stand to make the earth pollution-free, then the doomsday will be upon us very soon.