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Farming has always been one of the most important jobs in economic activities in India. With about 70% of the population engaged themselves with agriculture and agriculture-related activities which makes farmers the backbone of the country. While taking a single bite of food have we ever thought about our food givers, that is farmers, contribution to the progress of our country? The fifth prime minister of developing country India- Chaudhary Charan Singh, who himself came from a peasant family. Chaudhary Charan Singh is considered the messiah of the farmers and his birthday December 23 is celebrated as ‘The Farmers Day’. The rate of exporting agricultural things and products is much more than that of imports. This brings a rise in GDP of India.
Farmers live and breathe on farming along with their family and love is the only feeling they have towards it. Bunch of lessons must be learned from the farmers like helping the neighbour with selfless intent, caring for pets and domestic animals, unity is strength, water conservation, techniques in natural calamities like drought, the methods of soil fertilization.
The farmers are not graduate ones. But, campaigns of education might help in evolving their lives. Governments arrange various financial planning programmers for them. A cow, Sheep, Goats and Chickens plays an important role in farmers and in the farm ecosystem. These livestock animals eat the corn and hay grown and in return, they provide milk, eggs, meat and wool. Even their waste is beneficial for the soil fertilization process. They serve as a side business for the Indian Farmers.
Keeping in mind the hardworking lives of this backbone of the nation, the 2nd prime minister of the nation India provides the slogan of “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan” and gives the 2nd importance to the farming service.
Small farmers own a small piece of land due to inequality in the land distribution in India. Small farmers are still suffering from a lack of controlled water supply from Artificial Irrigation facilities. Though they are being called as the backbone of the country, they live in poverty. They even struggle to get two times of food for their family. The amount of debts on the lands is increasing day by day. And worst! They don't have any source of clearing it. Fluctuating agricultural prices, high debts, untimed and fewer payments became part of the daily lives of few farmers.
With growing urbanization, the essence of Indian Farming culture is a little bit fading away. In this concrete world, farms are rapidly replaced by the hot molten asphalt roads and skyscrapers. Nowadays, people are neglecting farming as a career option for themselves as well as for their children. If this continues to happen the Indian economy will fall like a house of cards. The government of India runs the ‘Debt waiver scheme’ to reduce loads of the instalments on the farmers so that they will be glued with the same reputed profession and try some innovative ideas in their daily work for improving cultivation.
Q1: Why Farmers are Important in India?
Ans: Importance of farmers
They are the ones who provide us with food to eat. As every human requires proper food for their existence, so they are a requirement in society. First are the farmers who grow a crop like wheat, barley, rice, etc. Since the maximum intake in the Indian houses is of wheat and rice.
Q2: Why Do We Need Farmers?
Ans: We need farmers to grow our grains, fruits and vegetables. We need herders to raise cattle, swine, chickens and other valuable sources of protein that are a portion of a healthful diet. And we need their decades of experience growing the food, fuel and fibre to ensure our way of life continues.
Q3: What are the 3 Types of Crops?
Ans: The crops can be classified as:
Food crops- wheat, rice, maize, millets, pulses.
Cash crops- sugarcane, tobacco, jute, cotton, oilseeds.
Horticulture crops- Fruits and vegetables.
Plantation crops- tea, coffee, coconut, rubber.
Q4: How Many Types of Crops are There in India?
Ans: There can be many ways to divide the types of crops (based on area, season, economic value etc). Based on the seasons, the crops in India are divided into three types: Kharif, Rabi and Zaid.
Kharif Crops: Rice, Jowar, Bajra, Cotton, Jute, etc.
Rabi Crops: Wheat, Oats, Onion, Potato, Pea, Oilseeds, etc.
Zaid Crops: Watermelon, Cucumber, Muskmelon, Pumpkin, etc.