Blood Donation Essay

Essay on Blood Donation

Introduction

Blood is the fluid that circulates throughout our body conducting various functions. There are times when a person loses excessive blood and needs blood from some external source. It is in such situations, donation of blood plays an important role. It is the noblest cause you can do to help ailing people. Blood Donation is the process wherein blood is drawn from one person and transfused in another person. Blood banks usually engage in this collection process and procedures following it. World Blood Donor day is celebrated on 14th June every year. 


Why is Blood Donation Important?

The main reason to donate blood is to save life so you must never think twice to donate blood. It is a sign of humanity. It doesn’t see the caste, creed and religion of the blood donor.


Furthermore, the organs in our body conduct different functions and these organs need energy and oxygen to function properly. The oxygen and the energy are derived from the blood that circulates in our body. So when an organ fails to do a specific function then blood is required from an external source.


Blood Group

There are mainly four types of blood group: A, B, AB and O. Negative O blood group is the universal donor and AB positive is the universal recipient. 


Benefits of Blood Donation

There are many advantages to donating blood. The most important benefit is that you are saving one life. The blood donated can be used three times because it is sectioned in various components, which are very useful. It revitalizes the poor health condition of a human being. Human body is capable of regenerating blood within a few hours after donation. Doctors recommend donating blood every three months because it helps to excrete waste blood in your body and fresh blood is made which keeps you healthier. The other benefits are:

  1. Preserve Cardiovascular Health: Reducing iron in the blood cells can reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes through blood donation. A research says if participants between the age group of 43 and 61 donate blood every six months then they are at a lower risk of getting heart attacks and strokes.

  2. Reduce the Risk of Cancer: The risk of cancer such as liver, lung, colon and throat cancers can be reduced by consistent blood donation. This is because the iron stored in the body is maintained at a healthy level. 

  3. Burn Calories: According to the university in the United States of America, you can burn 650 calories approximately per donation of one pint of blood. 

  4. Free Blood Analysis: Every donor has to go through a physical test to analyze whether you are eligible to donate blood. This preliminary health checkup helps in diagnosing our own body like pressure level, hemoglobin, and iron and sugar level. It is also tested for HIV, hepatitis and other diseases.

  5. A Sense of Pride: While there are many physical benefits of donating blood, the most powerful health benefit is psychologically. When you know that the blood that you are donating will be used somewhere to save someone’s life, it gives you a sense of immense pride.

  6. Blood Bank: Blood donation helps the blood banks to stabilize the various groups of blood that can be used to treat patients who are in urgent need of blood transfusion and other medical treatments.


World Blood Donor Day

Blood Donor day is celebrated on 14th June to create awareness of the universal need of blood for health care and also celebrate and thank every individual who donates blood and encourage more people to start donating.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. When is Blood Donor Day Celebrated and Why?

Ans. Blood donor day is celebrated on 14th June every year to create awareness among people of the urgent need of blood and also to encourage more people to start donating.

Q2. How can Blood be Donated?

Ans. The whole process of blood donation takes about 10-15 minutes. A person is made to lie and the blood is drawn from him. He can also sip some fluid to hydrate himself. It is a painless process.

Q3. Why is Blood Donation Important?

Ans. Blood donation is important because the blood drawn can be used to save lives and other medical treatments. It revitalizes the health of a person.

Q4. Which Blood Group is the Universal Donor?

Ans. O - group is the universal donor.