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NCERT Books Free PDF Download for Class 1-12

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Last updated date: 09th Apr 2024
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NCERT Books PDF for Class 1 to 12-Download Free PDF 2023-24 (Updated)

The National Council of Educational Research and Training is the full form of NCERT which is an autonomous organization. It aims to provide the best quality study materials to the students of the CBSE board. NCERT is also responsible for setting the academic curriculum for Class 1 to Class 12 students. This curriculum is used by the students of CBSE board English and Hindi medium students.


NCERT Books FREE PDF Download Available From Class 1 - 12 English & Hindi EASY to Access


Speaking of study materials provided by NCERT, those books are really the best quality textbooks available in the market now. These NCERT textbooks are undoubtedly the go-to book for all the students. Be it for the CBSE board examination or class examination or any entrance examination (NEET, UPSC, JEE etc), these books are proved to be the best books for exam preparation. Apart from CBSE, other state boards have now started recommending these books for their respective students too such as the Maharashtra board, Madhya Pradesh board etc.


However, NCERT also publishes quality textbooks, study material, educational kits, mock papers, etc apart from the textbooks. So, the students of elementary, secondary, and senior secondary school education levels can ace the exams very easily because their fundamentals become very strong in each subject (English, Social Science, Hindi, Science, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology) with the help of these textbooks.


The textbooks are listed class-wise and students can download without any hassle by clicking on the resective NCERT textbooks links provided below.



Other Popular Book Solutions for NCERT

Discover a variety of popular book solutions that are widely sought after by readers. These solutions encompass a diverse range of topics and genres, catering to a wide audience.

What are the Benefits of Using the NCERT Books

After getting the list of the NCERT books for Classes 1st to 12th, it is now important for students to know why they should study from the NCERT books. 

Some of the advantages of using the NCERT books are mentioned below:

  • Gives You Authentic Information – The content of these books is created and designed after doing lots of research. These books provide correct and comprehensive information in all the Chapters.

  • Recommended by the CBSE – According to the CBSE, these NCERT books are the best study materials for school students. It itself prescribes these books because these books help students in better understanding of the concepts. The NCERT books obey the CBSE guidelines and cover all the Chapters of the syllabus for Classes 1st to 12th.

  • Clarify Student's Doubts – The subject matter experts are in charge of preparing the content of the NCERT books. They use simple language so that students can comprehend each topic easily. Students can also solve the NCERT questions to clear their queries.

  • The NCERT Books are the Helpers – Students are advised to focus on the NCERT books and not to waste their time by studying from other guidebooks. It is seen that most of the questions asked in the exam are taken as it is from the NCERT books. Therefore, they should not take these books lightly as they are the best educational materials at the time of the examination.

  • A Lot of Time is saved – Students have to use their time effectively when examination comes near. Besides using the other reference books, they should study from the NCERT books as these books enable students in clearing their concepts and furnishing them with ample questions. During the examination, these books save a lot of students’ time.

NCERT Book PDFs online for Class 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1

How To Download These Books Online?

In this digital era, it is not a big deal to avail the textbooks online. The official website of Vedantu offers you the complete range of NCERT books for all the classes and all the subjects. You will be able to check and download all the books of Class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 in free PDF format from any website online.


Access CBSE NCERT Books for Class 1 to 12







Download PDF - Class 1 to 12 CBSE NCERT Books

Students can download the e-book PDFs for NCERT textbooks from the links provided. The books are available in two languages (Hindi and English) for class 1 to 12.


NCERT Class 12 Books for Hindi & English Medium Students in the Arts, Sciences, and Commerce

The NCERT textbooks are used as a guide while creating the question papers for the Class 12 board exams. The exam questions directly correspond to a sizeable amount of the exercises provided in these textbooks. To evaluate the students' analytical abilities, some questions may be slightly altered. Students must therefore carefully study each chapter in order to develop a firm grasp of all subjects. They will be able to successfully prepare for the examinations and do well if they study each chapter thoroughly from the NCERT textbooks. 


NCERT Books for Class 12 – Download Free PDF

NCERT Books for Class 12 – English Medium

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ की किताबें हिंदी में

NCERT Class 12 Physics Part 1 Book

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ भौतिकी भाग 1

NCERT Class 12 Physics Part 2 Book

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ भौतिकी भाग २

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Part 1 Book

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ रसायन विज्ञान भाग 1

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Part 2 Book

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ रसायन विज्ञान भाग २

NCERT Class 12 Maths Part 1 Book

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ गणित भाग 1

NCERT Class 12 Maths Part 2 Book

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ गणित भाग २

NCERT Book for Class 12 Biology

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ जीवविज्ञान

NCERT Books for Class 12 Accountancy

NCERT Books for Class 12 Accountancy in Hindi

NCERT Book for Class 12 Accountancy 1

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ लेखाशास्त्र भाग 1

NCERT Book for Class 12 Accountancy 2

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ लेखाशास्त्र भाग २

NCERT Books for Class 12 Business Studies

NCERT Class 12 Business Studies in Hindi Books

NCERT Book for Class 12 Business Studies 1

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ व्यवसाय अध्ययन भाग 1

NCERT Book for Class 12 Business Studies 2

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ व्यवसाय अध्ययन भाग २

NCERT Books for Class 12 Economics

NCERT Class 12 Economics in Hindi Books

NCERT Book Introductory Microeconomics

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ परिचयात्मक व्यष्टि अर्थशास्त्र

NCERT Book Introductory Macroeconomics

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ परिचयात्मक सूक्ष्म अर्थशास्त्र

NCERT Books for Class 12 Geography

NCERT Books for Class 12 Geography in Hindi

NCERT Book Fundamental of Human Geography

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ मानव भूगोल के मूल सिद्धांत

NCERT Book India – People and Economy

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ भारत लोग और अर्थव्यवस्था (भूगोल )

NCERT Book Practical Working Geography Part II

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ भूगोल में परिजयोजनात्मक प्रयोगात्मक कार्य

NCERT Books for Class 12 History

NCERT Books for Class 12 History in Hindi

NCERT Book Themes in Indian History 1

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ भारतीय इतिहास के कुछ विषय भाग 1

NCERT Book Themes in Indian History 2

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ भारतीय इतिहास के कुछ विषय भाग २

NCERT Book Themes in Indian History 3

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ भारतीय इतिहास के कुछ विषय भाग ३

NCERT Books for Class 12 Political Science

NCERT Books for Class 12 Political Science in Hindi

NCERT Book Contemporary World Politics

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ समकालीन विश्व राजनीति

NCERT Book Political Science 2

स्वतंत्र भारत में राजनीति भाग २

NCERT Books for Class 12 Psychology

NCERT Books for Class 12 Psychology in Hindi

NCERT Book Psychology

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ मनोविज्ञान

NCERT Books for Class 12 Sociology

NCERT Books for Class 12 Sociology in Hindi

NCERT Book Indian Society

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ भारतीय समाज

NCERT Book Social Change and Development India

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ भारत में सामाजिक परिवर्तन और विकास

NCERT Books Class 12 Hindi

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ अंतरा

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ अंतराल भाग 2

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ आरोह

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १२ वितान

NCERT Books for Class 12 English Books

NCERT Book Flamingo

NCERT Book Kaleidoscope

NCERT Book Vistas


NCERT Class 11 Books for Hindi & English Medium Students All Streams; Download for Free

As the subjects studied in Class 11 continue through Class 12, the NCERT books of Class 11 provide a solid foundation for students and in-depth understanding. On top of that, students choose their professional choice in Class 11, therefore these NCERT texts are helpful for both board examinations and competitive tests.


NCERT Books for Class 11 – Download Free PDF

NCERT Books for Class 11 – English Medium

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ की किताबें हिंदी में

NCERT Book for Class 11 Physics Part 1 

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ भौतिकी भाग 1

NCERT Book for Class 11 Physics Part 2

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ भौतिकी भाग २

NCERT Book for  Class 11 Chemistry Part 1 

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ रसायन विज्ञान भाग 1

NCERT Book Class 11 Chemistry Part 2

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ रसायन विज्ञान भाग २

NCERT Book Class 11 Maths

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ गणित

NCERT Book Class 11 Biology

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ जीवविज्ञान

NCERT Books for Class 11 Accountancy

NCERT Books for Class 11 Accountancy in Hindi

NCERT Books Financial Accounting- 1

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ लेखाशास्त्र भाग 1

NCERT Book Accountancy- 2

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ लेखाशास्त्र भाग २

NCERT Books for Class 11 Business Studies

NCERT Books Class 11 Business Studies in Hindi

NCERT Book for Business Studies

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ व्यवसाय अध्ययन

NCERT Books Class 11 Economics

NCERT Books for Class 11 Economics in Hindi

NCERT Book for Indian Economic Development

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था का विकास

NCERT Books for Class 11 Geography

NCERT Books for Class 11 Geography in Hindi

NCERT Book Class 11 Indian Physical Environment

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ भारतीय भौतिक पर्यावरण

NCERT Book Class 11 Practical Work in Geography

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ भूगोल में प्रयोगात्मक कार्य भाग 1 

NCERT Book Class 11 Fundamentals of Physical Geography

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ भौतिक भूगोल के मूल सिद्धांत 

NCERT Books Class 11 History

NCERT Books for Class 11 History in Hindi

NCERT Book for Themes in World History

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ विश्व इतिहास के कुछ विषय

NCERT Books Class 11 Political Science

NCERT Books for Class 11 Political Science in Hindi

NCERT Book for Indian Constitution at Work

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ भारत का संविधान सिद्धांत और व्यवहार

NCERT Book for Political Theory

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ राजनीति सिद्धांत

NCERT Books for Class 11 Psychology

NCERT Books for Class 11 Psychology in Hindi

NCERT Book for Introduction to Psychology

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ मनोविज्ञान

NCERT Books for Class 11 Sociology

NCERT Books for Class 11 Sociology in Hindi

NCERT Book for Introducing Sociology

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ समाजशास्त्र भाग 1

NCERT Book for Class 11 Introducing Sociology

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ समाज का बोध

NCERT Books Class 11 Economics

NCERT Books for Class 11 Economics in Hindi

NCERT Book for Class 11 Indian Economic Development

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ - भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था का विकास

NCERT Books Class 11 Hindi

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ अंतरा

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ अंतराल

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ आरोह

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ११ वितान

NCERT Books Class 11 English

NCERT Hornbill

NCERT Snapshots Supplementary Reader English

NCERT Woven Words


Class 10 NCERT Books for Hindi & English Medium All Subjects

All subjects are studied up until Class 10 by the students. One of three streams: Science, Commerce, or the Arts were chosen by them after class 10.  Many government exams cover the curriculum through Class 10. Students should therefore read NCERT textbooks in order to learn as well as pass their board exams.

NCERT Books for Class 10 – Download Free PDF

NCERT Books for Class 10 – English Medium

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १० की किताबें हिंदी में

NCERT Book for Class 10 Science

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १0 विज्ञान

NCERT Book for Class 10 Maths

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १0 गणित

NCERT Books for Class 10 Social Science

NCERT Books Class 10 Social Science

NCERT Book for Contemporary India

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १0 भारत और समकालीन विश्व भाग २

NCERT Book for India and the Contemporary World-II

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १0 आर्थिक विकास की समझ

NCERT Book for Understanding Economic Development

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १0 समकालीन भारत

NCERT Book for Democratic Politics-II

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १0 लोकतान्त्रिक राजनीति

NCERT Books for Class 10 Hindi

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १0 कृतिका 

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १0 क्षितिज

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १0 संचयन भाग २

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा १0 स्पर्श

NCERT Books Class 10 English

NCERT Book for First Flight

NCERT Book for Footprints Without Feet Supplementary Reader


NCERT Class 9 Subject-wise Hindi & English Medium Books PDF - Download For Free

Students are better able to relate the theoretical portion to practical tasks when they comprehend the topics covered in the Class 9 NCERT textbooks. In addition to helping with exam preparation, this promotes lifelong learning. Below, you can get the PDF of CBSE NCERT Books for Class 9 in Hindi, English, Social Science, and more.


NCERT Textbooks for Class 9 – Download Free PDF

NCERT Books for Class 9 – English Medium

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ९ की किताबें हिंदी में

NCERT Book for Class 9 Science

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ९ विज्ञान

NCERT Book for Class 9 Maths 

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ९ गणित

NCERT Books for Class 9 Social Science

NCERT Books for Class 9 Social Science in Hindi

NCERT Book for Class 9 Contemporary India

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ९ भारत और समकालीन विश्व भाग- I

NCERT Book for India and the Contemporary World-I

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ९ अर्थशास्त्र

NCERT Book for Economics

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ९ समकालीन भारत

NCERT Book for Democratic Politics

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ९ लोकतान्त्रिक राजनीति

NCERT Books Class 9 Hindi

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ९ कृतिका

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ९ क्षितिज

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ९ संचयन 

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ९ स्पर्श

NCERT Books for Class 9 English

NCERT Book for Class 9 English Beehive

NCERT Book for Class 9 English Moments Supplementary Reader

NCERT Book for Class 9 English Words and Expressions


Hindi & English Medium Books for NCERT Class 8 - All Subjects

Students in class 8 have outstanding learning abilities and grasping capabilities. They can now explore their passions and develop their future occupations in accordance with their interests. These NCERT books should be used by students to comprehend the foundational concepts of the Class 8 curriculum.



NCERT Class 7 Books for Hindi & English Medium - Download PDF by Subject

Students in class 7 should consult their NCERT textbooks since the topics covered in those lessons lay a strong foundation for understanding those in higher levels. The CBSE NCERT Books for Class 7 are created to make key ideas simple to comprehend, promoting a deeper learning experience.



Download NCERT Class 6 Books for Hindi & English Medium All Subjects

Textbooks are essential learning tools for students. NCERT textbooks are recommended for Class 6 students in all subject areas because they provide detailed explanations of every concept covered by the most recent Class 6 syllabus.



NCERT Class 5 Books for Hindi & English Medium - Download in PDF

Class 5 is the core foundation-building class and it introduces students to the key ideas that will be covered in more detail in later Classes. Students in Class 5 should use NCERT textbooks to prepare for their final exams since they provide detailed explanations for each concept covered in the CBSE Class 5 syllabus.


NCERT Textbooks for Class 5 – Download PDF

NCERT Books for Class 5 – English-Medium

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ५ की किताबें हिंदी में

NCERT Book for Class 5 Maths Magic

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ५ गणित

NCERT Books for Class 5 Environmental Studies

NCERT Class 5 Environmental Studies Books in Hindi

NCERT Book for Looking Around

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ५ आस पास

NCERT Book for Class 5 Hindi

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ५ रिमझिम

NCERT Books for Class 5 English

NCERT Book for Marigold


NCERT Books for Hindi & English Medium Class 4 in PDF

Getting a good foundation in elementary school is essential for future academic success. This is taken into consideration in the design of the NCERT books for Class 4, which makes learning fun and easy for kids. The Class 4 textbook chapters provide intriguing puzzles and visuals that engage children's interest and satisfy their innate curiosity.


NCERT Textbooks for Class 4 – Download PDF

NCERT Books for Class 4 – English Medium

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ४ की किताबें हिंदी में

NCERT Book for Class 4 Maths – Magic

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ४ गणित का जादू 

NCERT Books for Class 4 Environmental Studies

NCERT Books for Class 4 Environmental Studies in Hindi

NCERT Book for Looking Around EVS

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ४ आस पास

NCERT Books for Class 4 Hindi

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ४ रिमझिम

NCERT Books for Class 4 English

NCERT Book for Class 4 - Marigold


Class 3 NCERT Books for Hindi & English Medium - Free PDF Download

Class 3 students may find it difficult to understand the value of education at their young age. Because of this, NCERT Class 3 Books are created to be engaging and easy to understand, giving kids a solid foundation in the disciplines.


NCERT Textbooks for Class 3 – Download PDF

NCERT Books for Class 3 – English Medium

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ३ की किताबें हिंदी में

NCERT Book for Class 3 Maths

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ३ गणित

NCERT Books for Class 3 Environmental Studies

NCERT Books for Class 3 Environmental Studies in Hindi

NCERT Book for Class 3 Looking Around

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ३ आस पास

NCERT Books for Class 3 Hindi

एन सी ई आर टी कक्षा ३ रिमझिम

NCERT Books for Class 3 English

NCERT Book for Class 3-Marigold


NCERT Books for Hindi & English Medium Class 2 Students - Download PDF

Children move from preschool and kindergarten viewpoints to Class 2 of the CBSE, marking an important and joyful turning point in their academic development. Children attending schools that are associated with the Central Board of Secondary Education benefit from the NCERT Books for Class 2.



NCERT Class 1 Books for Hindi & English Medium All Subjects Can Be Downloaded

The educational adventure starts in class 1! The Central Board of Secondary Education considers Class 1 as the foundation for laying the fundamental building blocks that will be applied throughout a person's life, not only as an introduction to complex ideas. These core subjects are included in the Class 1 NCERT Books, which helps students learn and progress.



Why Use NCERT Textbooks for Studying?

The systematic method of the online NCERT books, which cover the full syllabus, should be used by students. Here are some suggestions for studying these books effectively:

  • Before the educator teaches the chapter in the classroom, have a look at it.

  • Reread the material after the class has done discussing it.

  • While reading, students must underline the key ideas.

  • Fix the examples that are related to that subject.

  • Always work through the exercise issues that are given at the end of each chapter.


With the use of our NCERT study material, we strive to help students succeed in their academic endeavours. Keep checking back for further information on the official NCERT books. Download Vedantu App and also enroll in our Online classes for better personalised classes from our master teachers.

Other Free Study CBSE Material 

FAQs on NCERT Books Free PDF Download for Class 1-12

1. What is the difference between NCERT and CBSE Books?

CBSE or Central Board of Secondary Education is the board of education while the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is the authority who is responsible for publishing the textbooks. Therefore, in a nutshell, NCERT publishes the textbooks which are used in the CBSE board schools for the students.

2. Are these books enough for entrance level examinations?

The books by NCERT act as good references for exam preparation but not sufficient. These books will definitely help you in understanding the core concepts of various subjects but these will not help in advance problems. Hence, students shall refer to reference books to understand the higher difficulty level’s problems. However, textbooks must not be avoided as these help to ace in the MCQ section as nearly 60-70 percent MCQ type questions come directly from these textbooks. Apart from the books, sample papers and previous years question papers are absolutely helpful for entrance level examinations like JEE Main, Olympiad, NEET etc.

3. Where can I get the correct and reliable solutions for the NCERT books?

You can get the reliable solutions to the NCERT books for Classes 1-12 at Vedantu’s website(vedantu) and mobile app at free of cost. Keep scrolling the page, you will find the easily downloadable free PDFs of all the subjects for the Classes 1-12.

4. Why should these books be taken seriously?

NCERT books are extremely important and beneficial for the students at the same time because they are the source of many question papers for various exams. If you take a closer look at the previous years’ papers of the board exam or any entrance exams, you will definitely understand the frequency of the usage of these CBSE textbooks there. Thus these books shall be taken seriously as they help to understand various topics with in-depth knowledge and solve the exercise questions or sample papers effortlessly. It also helps to prepare for many entrance exams such as NEET, JEE Main etc.

5. How to read these books more effectively?

Below are the ways one can follow to read these books more effectively.

  • To get a good understanding of each topic, students must read the textbooks thoroughly and jot down the important points for quick reference.

  • Students must solve all the questions from the textbook exercises so that it becomes easy to understand all the complex concepts and formulas from an individual subject.

  • Practicing previous year questions papers and sample papers benefits the students to increase their speed of solving problems with a high accuracy rate. Hence they will become more efficient before the exam.

  • Good practice of drawing diagrams or flowcharts for a better understanding of the topics help to achieve a good score in the exam as well.

6. Where can I get free NCERT books?

You can get free NCERT books from several sources. Here are a few options:

  1. Official NCERT Website: The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) provides free PDF versions of their textbooks on their official website. You can visit their website at https://ncert.nic.in/ and navigate to the "Publication" section to find the textbooks for different subjects and classes.

  2. ePathshala: The NCERT has developed an e-learning platform called ePathshala, which provides access to digital textbooks, audio, video, and supplementary materials. You can access ePathshala at https://epathshala.nic.in/.

  3. Vedantu: Vedantu is an online educational platforms and you can get  free access to NCERT books from Vedantu’s website.

7. What is NCERT books used for?

NCERT books are widely used in India as the prescribed textbooks for school education. The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) develops and publishes these books to provide a standardized curriculum across the country.

8. How do I download NCERT in PDF?

To download NCERT books in PDF format, you can follow these steps:

  • Visit the official NCERT website at https://ncert.nic.in/.

  • On the homepage, click on the "Publication" tab located in the top menu.

  • In the drop-down menu, select the subject and class for which you want to download the book.

  • You will be directed to a new page where you will see a list of available books for the selected subject and class.

  • Click on the desired book's title to open its download page.

  • On the book's download page, you will find options to download the book in different formats. Look for the "PDF" format option and click on it.

  • The PDF file of the NCERT book will start downloading to your device. The file may take a few moments to download, depending on your internet speed.

  • Once the download is complete, you can open the PDF file using a PDF reader application or software on your device.

9. What is NCERT syllabus?

NCERT syllabus refers to the curriculum and topics covered in the textbooks developed by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT). The NCERT syllabus is primarily followed in schools affiliated with the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and many state education boards in India.

10. Is NCERT owned by CBSE?

No, NCERT is not owned by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). While both NCERT and CBSE are educational organizations in India, they have distinct roles and responsibilities. The NCERT (National Council of Educational Research and Training) is an autonomous organization established by the Government of India. It is responsible for developing educational resources, conducting research, and promoting educational reforms in the country. NCERT is involved in developing textbooks, curriculum frameworks, educational policies, and other educational materials for schools in India.

On the other hand, CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) is a national-level educational board in India. It is responsible for conducting examinations, prescribing the curriculum, and affiliating schools across the country. CBSE follows the curriculum developed by NCERT and recommends the use of NCERT textbooks in its affiliated schools. However, CBSE itself does not own or control NCERT.