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NCERT Book Class 11 Physics PDF

Last updated date: 17th Jul 2024
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CBSE Class 11 NCERT Books for Physics PDF - Free Download

NCERT publishes textbooks following the guidelines of CBSE; therefore, teachers prefer them over other available references. CBSE also approves teaching through NCERT books in schools due to its accurate elaborations and lucid writing style. For imparting knowledge to students, they publish books on various subjects like NCERT books for class 11 physics, etc.

You can also avail the e-learning method of reading NCERT books through PDF versions. It enables a student to gather knowledge about subjects on the go. Just go to the links and download Physics Class 11 NCERT book PDF

Besides, you can learn vivid concepts of subjects like Mathematics, Chemistry, Biology and others. Therefore, Class 11 Physics NCERT book PDF is a must-have for all the candidates.

NCERT Books For Class 11 Physics; Free PDF Download

The NCERT Book for Class 11 Physics provides clear explanations, solved examples, and practice exercises to enhance conceptual understanding and problem-solving skills. You can download the NCERT Book for Class 11 Physics in both English and Hindi Languages. Get the link to download Class 11, Physics Part 1 and Part 2 NCERT Books from the table below.

Competitive Exams after 12th Science

NCERT Books for CBSE Class 11 Physics PDF Free Download

NCERT Book PDF Class 11 Physics Chapters

Physics is the segment of science that deals with matter and the elements of time and space, activities in the physical world, various laws, etc. NCERT books for class 11 physics are a concise platform for learning different concepts of motions, work and energy and other fundamentals elements of science.

Through the NCERT physics class 11 PDF versions, you can upgrade your knowledge and memorise vital information quickly. Also, through physics, one can comprehend the functioning of the universe and dimensions of science.

CSBE conducts exams that enable students to sharpen their skills and increase their academic excellence. The physics class 11 textbook comprises all the essential topics as per the CBSE syllabus. 

CBSE Class 11 Physics unit-wise weightage:

Students in our country have always had one goal in mind: to finish the CBSE syllabus as quickly as possible and achieve higher grades, particularly in Class 11 and 12. As a result, little emphasis is placed on whether or whether students can use their knowledge in real-world situations. As a result, it was decided to incorporate questions that would allow them to demonstrate their knowledge and abilities. 

Competency-based questions are the name for this type of question. Students' problem-solving, analytical, and critical thinking skills will be put to the test with these problems. In the paper, there is no overall choice. However, one question with a weight of 2 marks, one question with a weight of 3 marks, and all three questions with a weight of 5 marks have an internal choice. The unit wise weightage for physics is given clearly in the table below:





Physical World & Measurement






Laws of Motion



Work, Energy & Power



Motion of System of particles & Rigid Body






Properties of Bulk Matter






Behaviour of Perfect Gas & Kinetic Theory of gases



Oscillations & Waves




Chapter-wise Outline of the NCERT Physics Books

The physics 11th NCERT PDF contains a total of 15 chapters on various topics. It covers key concepts like theories on thermodynamics, matter, and motion, etc. Read them below to ace your studies.

Chapter 1: Physical World

The first chapter in NCERT books for class 11 physics covers the vivid concepts of physics – description, and meaning. It elaborates the world of physics and a brief introduction to its constituents. 

The segment also explains practicing the concepts of physics and its sub-disciplines. The areas of interest covered in this portion are – macroscopic and microscopic. From this chapter, you can also gather knowledge about the relation between physics, technology and social affluence.

You can also learn about the contributors to the world of physics and laws invested by famous scientists. The topic comprises a few exercises that enable the students to get a hold of the concepts.

If you are preparing for CBSE exams, start practising from NCERT book of class 11 physics. You can also download the PDF files for e-learning.

Chapter 2: Units and Measurement

The next chapter of NCERT 11th physics book PDF covers vital aspects of measurement – length, time and mass. It also depicts the international system

(S.I.) of units and how it gets measured according to the CGS, FPS and MKS systems.

Further, it elaborates about the fundamental and derived units along with the system of units. This chapter explains how to measure the accuracy of instruments and the possible errors that may occur during the calculation.

You can get a clear purpose about the significant figures through this chapter. Also, it covers the dimensions of various physical quantities along with formulas and equations.

Chapter 3: Motion in a Straight Line

The third chapter of class 11 NCERT physics book PDF explains the concepts of motion. It explains about the rectilinear motion, displacement, and path length apart from movement occurring in a straight path.

From this segment, you can also comprehend the position of a stationary and uniform object via a position-time graph. Further, it explains the crucial aspects related to average speed, velocity, and acceleration.

If you have the zeal to learn various concepts about physics, these PDFs are indispensable as they contain exercises and summarised notes. You can upgrade your knowledge by uniform about relative and instantaneous velocity and factors contributing to the speed of an object. 

The chapter also describes the kinematic equations and how uniformly acceleration of motions occurs. 

Chapter 4: Motion in a Plane

If you are learning from NCERT books for class 11 physics, the characteristic of motion occurring in a plane is a mandatory read. The chapter shows the concepts of scalars and vectors, along with the triangle law of addition.

Further, your key takeaways from the chapter are about the multiplication of vectors via real numbers, analytical and graphical methods. The segment also explains how motion occurs using two dimensions through the application of vectors.

From this portion, you can also gather knowledge about how motion occurs in a plane when there is no change in acceleration. It also explains the concept of relative velocity when two objects are moving at their pace.

Chapter 5: Law of Motion

Chapter five of NCERT physics books contains vital facts regarding the laws related to the motion of any object. It explains concepts of laws by various scientists, such as Aristotle, Newton and Galileo.

From this portion, you can learn about the laws of Newton, the Aristotelian law of motion and circular motion. The segment depicts the law of inertia in great detail through the elaboration of the movement of objects in different positions. You can also learn about how momentum occurs in an object and how it can get conserved.

While reading from NCERT physics class 11 PDF, you will find a handful of exercises at the end of every chapter. These activities increase your subject knowledge and boost your confidence.

Chapter 6: Work, Energy, and Power

The next chapter of NCERT 11 physics PDF explains the conceptions of the work-energy theorem and its contributors. It depicts the change in kinetic energy and the change in energy when a body gets displaced.

Also, this portion of physics explains the various formulas of work and energy, along with the notions of potential energy. The chapter explains how a body of mass can store mechanical energy. It also explains several facts regarding the transformation of potential energy into kinetic energy.

These are a set of activities and questions available at the end of this chapter for your practice. The PDF helps you to comprehend the energy of a string through illustrations, along with other forms of energy in detail, such as:

  • Electrical energy

  • Thermal power 

  • Nuclear form of energy

  • Chemical energy

Chapter 7: System of Particles & Rotational Motion

The next segment of NCERT books for class 11 physics elaborates about mass, its center, and the type of movements that can occur in a rigid body. It explains rotation and its axis with objects at various positions.

You can also get in-depth knowledge about the linear momentum of particles and the moment of inertia. Furthermore, this chapter covers vital aspects, such as products and their two types, torque, angular vector and momentum.

From this part, you can learn about the behavior of a rigid body lying in equilibrium, kinematics and dynamics of an object in rotational motion and rolling motion, etc. The chapter also covers theories of axes lying in perpendicular and parallel positions.

Chapter 8: Gravitation

The chapter of NCERT 11th physics PDF explains changes by gravitional forces existing in nature and its interactions. It elaborates how Kepler’s law behaves and the impact of the universal law of gravitational force.

From this chapter, you can understand the acceleration due to the gravitational force of the Earth and its surfaces. It explains the concept related to changes in weight due to change in the force and escape speeds.

Further, this segment covers information about the satellites – geostationary and polar. You can also learn about the energy exhibited from an orbiting satellite.

You can also refer to the key points at the end of this chapter to remember vital portions. Download the PDF from links to keep learning on the go.

Chapter 9: Mechanical Properties of Solids

The next chapter of NCERT physics class 11 PDF covers concepts regarding elasticity and elastic deformation. It also talks about the behaviour of solids in terms of its elasticity during various reactions.

It explains characteristics of solids, Hooke’s law and types of stresses – tensile, compressive and tangential. The chapter helps students learn about the longitudinal strain occurring in a body due to transformation in its original length.

Moreover, from the PDF, you can get a clear understanding of the strain arising from the change in volume of an object. Also, this segment of physics focuses on the modulus of elasticity.

Chapter 10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids

The chapter of NCERT class 11 physics book PDF focuses on the characteristics of various fluids. It talks about how these fluids react when it gets subjected to pressure, change in volume and mass.

From this portion, you can learn about the densities of some known fluids, such as mercury, seawater and ethyl alcohol, etc. It also explains broader aspects of streamline flow, Bernoulli’s principles and Reynolds number.

While preparing for the physics examination, you need to read these concepts in great detail. Consider reading about the viscosity and concepts related to surface tension to ace your studies! 

Chapter 11: Thermal Properties of Matter

The tenth chapter of NCERT books for class 11 physics focuses on the thermal characteristics of various objects. It covers the relationship between the temperature of a body and heat conduction.

You can also learn about the equation of an ideal-gas and measurement of changes in temperature. This segment of physics helps you to comprehend vital concepts, such as calorimetry, heat transfer from one object to another and change of a material’s state, etc.

If you are preparing for CBSE exams, this chapter holds utmost significance as it covers the specific capacity of heat and laws of cooling propounded by Newton. Download the PDF to understand these concepts anytime.

Chapter 12: Thermodynamics

The next chapter of NCERT books for class 11 physics deals with the laws of thermodynamics and thermal characteristics of objects. It explains the connections between heat, work and internal energy of various substances.

From this portion, you can learn about the Zeroth law of thermodynamics, its processes and equations, etc. It also talks about the reversible and irrevocable methods along with the functioning of Carnot engines.

Through the PDF, you get concise elaborations of these notions and understand it better. It also covers the functioning of refrigerators and heat pumps along with quasi-static processes.

Therefore, go through the NCERT PDF thoroughly and understand the topics well. Also, read the summarised points well and practice exercises for better scores.

Chapter 13: Kinetic Theory

Chapter thirteenth in class 11 NCERT physics book PDF covers the following topics of Kinetic theory and introduction to the broader concepts regarding the theory. The same was developed during the nineteenth century by Maxwell, Boltzmann and other scientists.

The chapter also includes molecular character of matter, the behaviour of various gases under specific circumstances, the specific capacity of heat, etc. You can also read about the properties and theories of an ideal gas.

The topics like mean free path and law of equipartition gets elaborated in the PDF. Various other concepts related to the theory propounded by famous scientists Maxwell and Boltzmann get covered in this chapter. 

Chapter 14: Oscillations

The fourteenth chapter in class 11 NCERT physics book PDF introduces you with the concepts of oscillations. It would be followed by concepts of projectile motion, rectilinear motion and others in previous chapters.

The description of oscillations specifically requires some basic concepts like period, frequency, displacement, amplitude and phase.

The above mentioned fundamental concepts are developed in this chapter. Periodic and oscillatory motions are followed by simple harmonic motion, frequency, displacement; velocity and acceleration, simple pendulum, etc. Also, oscillation due to spring gets explained further in this chapter.

The laws confirming the oscillations, numerical problems for practice and solved problems, graphs, diagrams and theoretical explanations help to move ahead with better understanding and learning experiences.

NCERT 11 physics PDF includes topics of Grade 11 as per the latest educational pattern of CBSE.

Chapter 15: Waves

The fifteenth chapter in NCERT books for class 11 physics covers the concept of waves and simple harmonic motion. The topic relates to the process of propagation of both light and sound in different mediums.

The chapter has been prepared to ease the understanding of the concept for effective learning. Although this chapter continues to be a huge one, and there exist several complicated segments to learn and apply.

Here, NCERT book for physics incorporates the concept of wave motion and the impact of different forces over waves. For example, the reaction of a single wave is always different to different tensional forces, even in constant gravitational force.

The concept and functions of waves majorly cover class 11 science subjects, and the application increases with the progress in higher studies.

Learn why NCERT books for Class 11 Physics are indispensable?

For students planning to appear in competitive exams, NCERT textbooks are the best guide. Apart from gathering notes from numerous sources through extensive research, you can also refer to the NCERT books for class 11 physics. 

It is a one-stop point for all the candidates studying under CBSE boards. Even CBSE approves the use of these books for teaching purposes at school levels. Therefore, it is extremely beneficial to learn vital topics from the 11th NCERT physics PDF. 

The important question for class 11 Physics for part - 1:

The list down here contains all the important topics for part - 1 for CBSE Class 11 Physics. These are just for reference to make students understand how the paper is given.

  • Chapter  - 1: basics are very important for this chapter, They are used in the whole physics subject. 

  • Chapter - 2: Long figures can result from the measurement of any data, and the Significant digits approach is a useful way to analyze a standard figure. Dimensions of various quantities are commonly requested for short responses in tests, therefore the topic is also essential from a numerical standpoint. The same numerical are also asked as short numerical.

  • Chapter - 3: Because questions are frequently asked graphically, graphical depiction and interpretation of fast motion are critical. This chapters are crucial for all of the essential subjects addressed. They are frequently asked in a variety of ways, so be ready with each topic and a few more numericals.

  • Chapter - 4: When tackling numerical problems, resolving vectors into components is a useful technique. Projectile motion is an important issue that should be practiced in both derivation and numerical. Numerics derived from the motion of objects in a plane are extremely significant; wherever possible, use differentiation and integration as a basic tool.

  • Chapter - 5: The conservation of momentum is frequently used to pose numerical questions. While solving the problem, these challenges include the conceptual steps derived from three of Newton's laws. Quality questions about friction and resolving forces into multiple components and equalizing them are asked of mechanics.

  • Chapter - 6: Numerics concerning energy conversion and conservation are required. The concepts of kinetic and potential energy are included in these calculations. In various conversions and types, the question of "work done" is asked many times. Collision is an essential issue for both theoretical and numerical questions.

  • Chapter - 7: It is recommended that you have a basic understanding of each topic from this chapter and Practicing numerical from each is also a good idea. Do not mix tolling motion with slipping and rolling motion without slipping.

  • Chapter - 8: this can be considered as the most important chapter, Kepler's law can be directly questioned. The universal law of gravitation, acceleration owing to gravity, can be used to pose numerical, direct inquiries, or derivations. It's also crucial to figure out how to calculate the values of G and g. It's crucial to calculate gravity's acceleration both below and above the Earth's surface. Numericals based on the relationship between this fluctuation in the value of g are frequently requested. Make a mental note of the relationships on the tip. Satellite escape speed and period are crucial numerical topics. It's also possible to inquire about calculating the escape speed of a specific planet or body.

Let’s learn more about the benefits that Ncert Textbooks PDF has to offer!

Authentic Information: NCERT class 11 physics book PDF has a reputation for providing authentic facts about various topics. They contain information true to the best of their knowledge and constantly update their content with the updates in the educational structure. 

  • Clear And Concise Elaborations:  NCERT publishes textbooks in a simple format with proper description. Students find the content engaging due to their concise and crisp elaborations. Therefore, you must refer to the NCERT books and PDF for a better understanding of the facts.

  • Proper Presentation of Diagrams: The NCERT books for class 11 physics depict the illustrations and presentations of figures. You can find simple diagrams that enable you to get a better hold of the topics.

  • Exclusive Question Bank: If you are preparing for competitive exams, solved question papers can help with the subject. The NCERT books contain an exclusive set of questions that boost your confidence and help you to score better.

  • Point-wise Allocation of Essential Information: NCERT books for class 11 physics contain all the key points regarding crucial topics. The point-wise allocation of the vital facts saves students time and also helps them to remember facts correctly.

  • Allows Time Management: It becomes challenging for students to find time for preparing notes along with the pressure of studies. A textbook consisting of key points and anticipated questions solved boosts the confidence of the students. 

Moreover, they can strike a balance between their studies and co-curricular activities. Therefore, the NCERT book of class 11 physics is an ideal choice while preparing for the CBSE exams.

Tips to excel in class 11 physics subject:

The advice provided here can help students prepare for CBSE class 11 physics. The strategies pursued here can assist students in grasping topics and achieving high grades in class 11 physics.

  • Read the textbook, comprehend the concepts, and attempt to connect them as much as possible. Solve as many MCQs as possible for better concepts from a single book, and ask your seniors for help.

  • students will never be able to practice the numerical alongside the themes being presented in the coaching and clear their doubts simultaneously as much as feasible.

  • Revision is another key component of preparation. Give yourself a 10-minute review of the principles you've learned. This is critical since you may know the answer but cannot recall it.

  • The most important thing for students to know about class 11 physics is the exam format and syllabus. Students can create a comprehensive study plan to properly prepare for the exams by knowing the syllabus for class 11 physics. The CBSE has altered the exam pattern for the current year.

  • Circuit diagrams and ray diagrams are substantial in physics. As a result, before the final exams, students should practice drawing these diagrams accurately. To get good grades, they need to learn to label correctly. Diagram-based questions will be given to pupils, and they will be able to obtain full marks on them.

  • Before the final exams, students must review all relevant topics, formulas, and definitions. Regular review of crucial topics will aid pupils in memorizing information for final exams. This will also enable pupils to feel less stressed. They will acquire confidence and perform better in tests as a result.

Why is Vedantu a one-stop solution for students?

Vedantu is the biggest online learning platform for students. From learning free notes to live sessions online, Vedantu allows a candidate to gather in-depth knowledge of various subjects. Also, they possess a group of subject matter experts helping you to resolve your doubts and queries.

Moreover, you can prepare for JEE, NEET, ICSE, CBSE, and micro-courses to get a better score. With NCERT class 11 physics textbook PDF and master classes, you can comprehend topics quickly.

Every instructor has his or her teaching technique in offline or direct sessions. Everyone has their own method and style of teaching, and they're all prone to making blunders sometimes. With e-learning, you can get rid of these problems very easily, and Every time, online learning provides regular and structured training that is suitable for students. Regardless of when and where a student takes the course, he or she will have the same experience. Vedantu provides the best teachers and interactive learning opportunities to every student. Download the Vedantu mobile application to uplift your knowledge!

Other Free CBSE Class 11 Physics Study Material

Other Free Study CBSE Material for Class 11

FAQs on NCERT Book Class 11 Physics PDF

1. Which Book is the Best Choice to Score Well in Class 11 Physics Exams?

While preparing for most competitive exams, you need to gather notes and go through extensive research. Physics is considerably harder to accomplish and to comprehend than Mathematics. Every scientific student must understand every concept to progress to the next topic and gain a comprehensive understanding. There are several books available in the market out of which NCERT textbooks are the most popular ones. With proper elaborations and question banks, NCERT class 11 physics textbook is the best guide for academic excellence! 

2. How Many Chapters are there in Class 11 Physics Books?

The physics books for CBSE exams comprise 15 chapters in total. The chapters cover different topics, such as theory on kinetic energy, thermal characteristics of matter, and concepts of thermodynamics, to name a few of them. You can achieve better scores in all competitive exams after learning from NCERT book class 11 physics PDF. The above-discussed article fully explains the chapters and the primary outcome of each chapter,  NCERT books are also made available for every chapter separately to make it easier for students to read and understand.

3. Why Should a Student Read from NCERT PDF Books?

NCERT 11 physics book PDF comes with vital notes and detailed explanations of complex topics. Moreover, the PDF versions help in time management, and students can learn vital topics through the digital platform. Therefore, candidates should follow the NCERT books to complete the curriculum within less time. Physics NCERT (Class XII) is a     favorite of students and teachers since each idea is discussed in minute depth, and the manner it is written is enough to make a student fall in love with physics.

4. Why do CBSE Schools Use NCERT Textbooks for Competitive Exams?

NCERT is an autonomous body responsible for publishing educational materials for pupils to ace their studies. Due to crisp concepts, physics class 11 NCERT book PDF is worth reading for students. Even CBSE recommends NCERT textbooks at school levels for a better understanding of the crucial topics. The NCERT textbooks are very essential for getting excellent scores on the CBSE test. When it comes to preparing for board exams or competitive exams in the best possible way, most students free up their time and choose the best study material from a variety of options accessible in the market or on any website. NCERT books are extremely beneficial to CBSE students as they study for their exams.

5. Is Vedantu better for NCERT materials? Are they trustable?

Vedantu provides trustable NCERT book solutions to assist you in your studies, as NCERT books are an important component of your academics. So, don't be concerned about the correct approach to answering a question because these solutions have been developed by specialists with extensive experience. You can get a free solution to your NCERT book by going to the Vedantu website. After browsing Vedantu's free study material areas, you'll be able to choose your class and subject. Many parents and students entrust Vedantu with their children because of the excellent service we provide. As a result, there's nothing to be concerned about. Vedantu is known for always providing the highest quality materials to pupils.