NCERT Class 10 Science Book PDF

CBSE Class 10 NCERT Science Books Free Download

NCERT is an autonomous organisation referred to as the 'National Council of Education and Research And Training' which is responsible for advising the state and central governments on things related to academic matters. The NCERT Class 10 Science Book is used exhaustively by CBSE students across the nations as most questions and answers from these textbooks appear in the CBSE Class 10 board exams plus various competitive tests like the IIT-JEE, NEET, etc.

Our NCERT Science Book Class 10 PDF Free Download includes chapters from the latest prescribed CBSE Class 10 Science syllabus, all laid our topic-wise in a sequential manner. Concepts are explained in bite-sized chunks, thus making them easy to grasp and simple enough to understand at a first glance. Students can download NCERT Solution PDF for all subjects to prepare for their forthcoming exams.


Students can also get the books below in PDF format.


NCERT Books for Class 10 Science PDF - Free Download

Science forms the core of all engineering and medical professions. From laying the bare bones of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, learning the basics of science will instill an appreciation for the world around you. The Vedantu CBSE NCERT Science Book Class 10 Free PDF download has been designed by our subject experts who have analyzed previous examination patterns and trends, thus making sure you get the most out of your revision by supplying you with recently updated material from the CBSE syllabus. Concepts are clarified in a step-by-step manner and answers and questions are simplified for ease of understanding. Questions and answers are included in a format similar to that of traditional NCERT textbooks which makes it convenient for those who want to quickly download these guides for a summarized review of key topics.


Chapter 1: Chemical Reactions And Equations

In this chapter students will learn about writing chemical equations, balancing chemical equations, different types of chemical equations, decomposition reaction, displacement reaction, double displacement reaction, oxidation and reaction, corrosion, rancidity. 


Chapter 2: Acids, Bases, and Salts

In this chapter, students will understand the chemical properties of acids, and bases, how acids and bases react with metals, how metal carbonates, and metal hydrogen carbonates react with acids, how acids and bases react with each other, the reaction of metallic oxides with acids. Students will also learn about what all acids and bases have in common, what happens to acids and bases in water solution, the importance of pH in everyday life, pH of salts.


Chapter 3: Metals and Non-Metals

In this chapter, students will learn about the physical properties of metals, and non-metals, chemical properties of metals, how metals react with air, water, acid, other solutions, and metal salts, reactivity series.


Further students will come to know how metals and non-metals react, properties of ionic compounds, the occurrence of metals, extraction of metals, refining of metals, corrosion, prevention of corrosion. The chapter contains questions and answer exercise along with multiple choice questions.

Chapter 4: Carbon And Its Compounds

In this chapter, students will learn about bonding in carbon –The Covalent Bond, versatile nature of Carbon, saturated and unsaturated carbon compounds, chemical properties of carbon compound, soaps and detergents.


Chapter 5: Periodic Classification of Elements

In this chapter, students will come to know about early attempts at the classification of elements, Newlands Law Of Octaves, Mendeleev’s Periodic Table, the modern periodic table, metallic and non-metallic properties. At the end students are supposed to attempt question and answer exercise, multiple choice questions and group activity.


Chapter 6: Life Processes

In this chapter, students will learn about what is meant by life processes, nutrition, and its forms, human respiration, transportation, an excretory system of human beings and plants. 


Chapter 7: Control and Coordination

In this chapter, students will learn about the nervous system of animals, reflex actions, the human brain, how tissues are protected and how nervous tissues cause action, coordination in plants, hormones in animals, 


Chapter 8: How do Organisms Reproduce

In this chapter, students will learn about the modes of reproduction in single organisms and sexual reproduction in plants and human beings. 


Chapter 9: Heredity And Evolution

In this chapter, students will learn about the accumulation of variation during reproduction, Heredity, inherited traits, rules of inheritance of traits, how these traits are expressed, sex determination, and evolution, speciation, tracing evolutionary relationship, fossils, evolution by stages, human evolution.


Chapter 10: Reflection and Refraction

In this chapter, students will learn about the reflection of light, spherical mirrors, image formation by spherical mirrors, mirror formula, and magnification, refraction of light, refractive index, refraction by spherical lenses, lens formula, and magnification. 


Chapter 11: The Human Eye and The Colorful World 

In this chapter, students will learn about the working of the human eye, its power of accommodation, defects of vision and their correction, refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of white light by a prism, atmospheric refraction, scattering of light.


Chapter 12: Electricity

In this chapter, students will learn about electric current and circuit, electric potential and potential difference, circuit diagram, ohms law, factors that determine the resistance of a conductor, resistance of a system of resistors, heating effect of electric current, electric power.


Chapter 13: Magnetic Effects Of Electric Current

 In this chapter, students will learn about the magnetic field, and field lines, magnetic field due to a current carrying conductor, right-hand thumb rule, the force on a current carrying conductor in a magnetic field, electric motor, electromagnetic induction, electric generator, and domestic electric circuits.    


Chapter 14: Sources Of Energy

In this chapter, students will learn about the good sources of energy, conventional sources of energy, alternative and non-conventional sources of energy, an environmental consequence of using different forms of energy, how long will an energy source last. 


Chapter 15: Our Environment

In this chapter, the student will learn about the Ecosystem and its components, food chains, and webs, how human activities affect the environment.


Chapter 16: Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

In this chapter, students will learn about five R of saving environment, the need for managing natural resources, the importance of forest and wildlife, proper utilization and management of water resources, and water harvesting.


In addition, if you are able to work through these PDF files, you will be able to ace your upcoming CBSE Class 10 board exams and tackle other competitive tests too. You can also check out NCERT Solutions for class 10 science provided by us.


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Vedantu makes it a priority to transform weak subject areas into core strengths that serve as strong foundations for the years to come. Students who enrol at Vedantu have experienced massive success in their academics by learning how to study smart and prepare for competitive tests effectively. Vedantu resolves pain points in many high schoolers by enabling them to study at their own pace and timings, thus giving them the flexibility to schedule their study sessions and make the most from their online home tuitions. Live lectures in the core science subjects are streamed across tablets, iPads, Android Smartphones and Desktop, with lectures even being recorded after the end of sessions to serve as reference files for later review.


Want to learn the Vedantu way? Log in to Vedantu.com and book a trial session with us today.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Where can I download the NCERT Class 10 Science textbook?

A. The NCERT Class 10 Science Book is excessively used by CBSE students across the nation for board exam preparation and various competitive exam preparation as well. . Hence the demand is quite high for this. Class 10th students can download these NCERT books for Science from Vedantu website very easily as these are provided in PDF format. These are available on Vedantu app as well.

2. Why should one read NCERT Book for Class 10 Science?

A. NCERT Books for Class 10 Science are quite helpful to all the students of Class 10th as these provide the students with in-depth information about all the topics and subtopics covered under this subject as per the latest CBSE curriculum. Students can gain through knowledge and strengthen their fundamentals from the very beginning of the academic year. These textbooks can come very handy during revision time as well. Not only that, but the exercises given at the end or in between every chapter are also really significant as most of the questions in the final come from these exercises. Hence by solving and practising these, students can self assess their exam preparation and score well in the exam.

3. How many chapters are there in NCERT Book for Class 10 Science?

A. Class 10 Science of NCERT book consists of 16 chapters. Below is the list of chapters given below for the convenience of the students. 

  • Chapter 1 – Chemical Reactions and Equations

  • Chapter 2 – Acids Bases and Salt

  • Chapter 3 – Metals and Non-Metals

  • Chapter 4 – Carbon and its Compounds

  • Chapter 5 – Periodic Classification of Elements

  • Chapter 6 – Life Process

  • Chapter 7 – Control and Coordination

  • Chapter 8 – How do Organisms Reproduce?

  • Chapter 9 – Heredity and Evolution

  • Chapter 10 – Light-Reflection and Refraction

  • Chapter 11 – The Human Eye and The Colourful World

  • Chapter 12 – Electricity

  • Chapter 13 – Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

  • Chapter 14 – Sources of Energy

  • Chapter 15 – Our Environment

  • Chapter 16 – Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

4. Is it important to refer to the NCERT textbook for Class 10 Science to strengthen the basics?

A. Class 10 is such a phase that lays the foundation for most students for their career and future. It is a crucial year for every student as they attend their first board exam. Hence, it is really important to learn all the topics and subtopics of class 10 very carefully. To do that, nothing could be better than the NCERT textbooks. These books are written by the subject matter experts in lucid language. So that students can easily grab all the concepts and memorise for exam preparation.

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