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CBSE Marking Scheme for Class 12

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Last updated date: 09th Apr 2024
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Exam Pattern and Marking Scheme for Class 12 CBSE 2024-25 for All Subjects

The Central Board of Secondary Education(CBSE) has released the marking scheme Class 12 2024-25 for all subjects on its official website. For the student's ease, we have provided CBSE marking scheme 2024 Class 12 along with the chapter-wise weightage of each subject on this page. We suggest you read the article till the end to get all the comprehensive details of the weightage of all the subjects, exam pattern, and chapter wise marking scheme class 12. Knowing the marks distribution, exam pattern, and weightage will help you prepare better for the upcoming Class 12 board exams and increase your chances of scoring more marks in board examinations.


The minimum aggregate marks a candidate must score to pass CBSE Class 12 board exams is 33%. Moreover, the candidate must also secure at least 33% marks in each subject to pass the board exam. Candidates who secure 33% or above aggregate marks but scored less than 33% in any subject must appear for the supplementary exam.


CBSE Class 12 Assessment Policy 2024

The Central Board of Secondary Education has announced that there will be only one term or one board examination in the academic year 2024-25. The final Class 12 board exam covers the entire CBSE syllabus as per the curriculum designed by the board for the year 2024-25.


CBSE Class 12 Exam Pattern 2024-25

The Central Board of Secondary Education has released a new exam pattern and chapter wise marking scheme class 12 for the academic year 2024-25. Here are the complete details for the same:


Exam Conducting Authority

Central Board of Secondary Education

Category

CBSE Class 12th exam pattern 2024-25

Question Paper Pattern


  • 20% MCQs

  • 30% Competency-based questions in the form of multiple-choice questions, case-based questions, source-based integrated questions or any other types.

  • 50% Short answer/long answer questions


Total Duration

3 hours

Maximum Marks

100 (Theory + Practical)

  • 80 marks theory + 20 marks project works for commerce subject (Accountancy, Busine Studies, and Economics)

  • 80 marks theory + 30 marks practicals for Physics, Chemistry, and Biology

  • 80 marks Maths written exam + 20 marks internal assessment



Maths Exam Pattern and Marking Scheme for Class 12 CBSE 2024-25

Sections

Type and Number of Questions

Marks

Weightage

A

18 Mcqs And 2 Assertion-Reason Based Questions

1

20

B

5 Very Short Answer Type Questions

2

10

C

6 Short Answer Type Questions

3

18

D

4 Long Answer Type Questions

5

20

E

3 Source-Based/Case-Based Questions/Passage-Based/Integrated Units Of Assessment

4

12

Total Marks

80



CBSE Class 12 Maths Unit-Wise Weightage 

Units

Weightage (In Terms of Marks)

Unit 1: Relations And Functions

8

Unit 2: Algebra

10

Unit 3: Calculus

35

Unit 4: Vectors And Three-Dimensional Geometry

14

Unit 5: Linear Programming

5

Unit 6: Probability

8

Total Marks (Theory)

80

Total Marks (Internal Assessment)

20

Grand Total

100



Physics Exam Pattern and Marking Scheme for Class 12 CBSE 2024-25

Sections

Type and Number of Questions

Marks

Weightage

A

16 Questions

1

16

B

5 Questions

2

10

C

7 Questions

3

21

D

2 Case Study-Based Questions

4

8

E

3 Long Answer Questions

5

15

Total Marks

70



CBSE Class 12 Physics Unit-Wise Weightage 

Units

Chapters

Weightage (In Terms of Marks)

Unit 1: Electrostatics

Chapter–1: Electric Charges And Fields 

Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential And Capacitance

16

Unit 2: Current Electricity

Chapter–3: Current Electricity

Unit 3: Magnetic Effects Of Current And Magnetism

Chapter–4: Moving Charges And Magnetism 

Chapter–5: Magnetism And Matter

17

Unit 4: Electromagnetic Induction And Alternating Currents 

Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction 

Chapter–7: Alternating Current

Unit 5: Electromagnetic Waves 

Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves

18

Unit 6: Optics

Chapter–9: Ray Optics And Optical Instruments 

Chapter–10: Wave Optics 

Unit 7: Dual Nature Of Radiation And Matter

Chapter 11: Dual Nature Of Radiation And Matter

12

Unit 8: Atoms And Nuclei

Chapter–12: Atoms 

Chapter–13: Nuclei

Unit 9: Electronic Devices

Chapter–14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices And Simple Circuits

7

Total Marks (Theory)

70

Total Marks (Internal Assessment)

30

Grand Total

100



Chemistry Exam Pattern and Marking Scheme for Class 12 CBSE 2024-25

Sections

Type And Number Of Questions

Marks

Weightage

A

16 Mcqs

1

16

B

5 Very Short Answer Type Questions

2

10

C

7 Short Answer Type Questions

3

21

2 Case-Based Questions

4

8

E

3 Long Answer Questions

5

15

Total Marks

70



CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Unit-Wise Weightage 

Unit

Weightage (In Terms of Marks)

Unit Ii: Solutions

7

Unit Iii: Electrochemistry 

9

Unit Iv: Chemical Kinetics 

7

Unit Viii: D And F Block Elements 

7

Unit Ix: Coordination Compounds 

7

Unit X: Haloalkanes And Haloarenes

6

Unit Xi: Alcohols, Phenols And Ethers 

6

Unit Xii: Aldehydes, Ketones And Carboxylic Acids 

8

Unit Xiii: Amines

6

Unit Xiv: Biomolecules 

7

Total Marks (Theory)

70

Total Marks (Internal Assessment)

30

Grand Total

100



Biology Exam Pattern and Marking Scheme for Class 12 CBSE 2024-25

Sections

Type and Number of Questions

Marks

Weightage

A

16

1

16

B

5

2

10

C

7

3

21

2 Case-Based Questions

4

8

E

3

5

15

Total Marks

70



CBSE Class 12 Biology Unit-Wise Weightage

Unit

Weightage (In Terms of Marks)

Unit Vi: Reproduction

16

Unit Vii: Genetics And Evolution

20

Unit Viii: Biology And Human Welfare

12

Unit Ix: Biotechnology And Its Applications

12

Unit X: Ecology And Environment 

10

Total Marks (Theory)

70

Total Marks (Internal Assessment)

30

Grand Total

100



Accountancy Exam Pattern and Marking Scheme for Class 12 CBSE 2024-25

Sections

Topics 

Weightage 

(In Terms Of Marks)

Part A: Accounting For Partnership Firms And Companies

(Compulsory For All)

Accounting For Partnership Firms

36

Accounting For Companies

24

Part B (Contains Internal Choice, Students Must Attempt Either Of The Two Options)

Option (I) Financial Statement Analysis

- Analysis Of Financial Statements

- Cash Flow Statement 

Or

Option (Ii) Computerized Accounting

 - Computerized Accounting 

20

Total Marks (Theory)

80

Total Marks (Internal Assessment)

20

Grand Total

100



Economics Exam Pattern and Marking Scheme for Class 12 CBSE 2024-25

Sections

Unit Name

Weightage 

(In Terms of Marks)

Part A: Introductory Macroeconomics

Unit 1: National Income And Related Aggregates

10

Unit 2: Money And Banking 

6

Unit 3: Determination Of Income And Employment 

12

Unit 4: Government Budget And The Economy 

6

Unit 5: Balance Of Payments

6

Part B: Indian Economic Development

Unit 6: Development Experience (1947-90) And Economic Reforms Since 1991 

12

Unit 7: Current Challenges Facing Indian Economy 

20

Unit 8: Development Experience Of India – A Comparison With Neighbours 

8

Total Marks (Theory)

80

Total Marks (Internal Assessment)

20

Grand Total

100



English Core Exam Pattern and Marking Scheme for Class 12 CBSE 2024-25

Sections

Weightage (In Terms Of Marks)

Section A: Reading Skills

22

Section B: Creative Writing Skills

18

Section C: Literature

40

Total Marks (Theory)

80

Total Marks (Internal Assessment)

20

Grand Total

100



Political Science Exam Pattern and Marking Scheme for Class 12 CBSE 2024-25

Sections 

Weightage (In Terms of Marks)

Section A - Mcqs

12

Section B - Very Short Answer Type Questions

12

Section C - Short Answer Type Questions

20

Section D - Passage, Cartoon And Map Based Questions

12

Section E - Long Answer Type Questions

24

Total Marks 

80



CBSE Class 12 Political Science Unit-Wise Weightage 

Part

Chapter Name

Weightage (In Terms of Marks)

Part A: Contemporary World Politics

Chapter 1: The End Of Bipolarity 

6

Chapter 2: Contemporary Centres Of Power

12

Chapter 3: Contemporary South Asia

Chapter 4: International Organizations

12

Chapter 5: Security In Contemporary World

Chapter 6: Environment And Natural Resources

10

Chapter 7: Globalisation


Part B: Politics In India Since Independence 

Chapter 1: Challenges Of Nation-Building 

10

Chapter 2: Era Of One-Party Dominance 

Chapter 3: Politics Of Planned Development

2

Chapter 4: India’s External Relations 

10



Chapter 5: Challenges To And Restoration Of The Congress System

Chapter 6: The Crisis Of Democratic Order 

10

Chapter 7: Regional Aspirations 

Chapter 8: Recent Developments In Indian Politics 

8

Total Marks (Theory)

80

Total Marks (Internal Assessment)

20

Grand Total

100



This was the complete discussion on the Marking Scheme of CBSE Class 12 for the academic year 2024-25. 


Conclusion

The CBSE marking scheme 2024 Class 12, as elucidated by Vedantu, follows the pattern set in the 2024 scheme. The distribution of marks is a crucial aspect, shaping the evaluation process. Vedantu provides valuable insights into the CBSE marking scheme, aiding students to comprehend the weightage assigned to each section. The intricate details of CBSE marks distribution for class 12 scheme 2024, as per Vedantu, empower students to strategize their exam preparation effectively. It is advisable for students to thoroughly grasp this marking scheme to enhance their performance in the upcoming exams, ensuring a comprehensive understanding of the evaluation criteria.


We hope students have found this helpful information for their studies. Stay tuned with Vedantu for further latest updates on CBSE Class 12  and other competitive exams.  Good Luck!

FAQs on CBSE Marking Scheme for Class 12

1. When will the CBSE board conduct the Class 12 board examination for the academic session 2024-25?

The CBSE board will tentatively conduct Class 12 board exams from February 15, 2024.

2. Is it mandatory to pass Class 12 theory and practical exams separately?

Yes, it is mandatory to clear both practical and theoretical exams separately.

3. How does the CBSE Class 12 marking scheme help students?

The CBSE  Class 12 marking scheme will help students understand how the marks will be allocated for each step of a question. With this information, students will learn the importance of answering a question in steps. This eventually helps them to enhance their writing skills.

4. How to check all subjects' CBSE Class 12 marking scheme?

Follow the below to check the CBSE Class 12 marking scheme for all subjects:

  • Step 1: Visit CBSE's official website (http://cbseacademic.nic.in/index.html).

  • Step 2: Click on the “SQP 2024” under the “ Sample Question Paper” Tab.

  • Step 3: Select Class 12 by clicking on the link

  • Step 4: Click on the particular subject for which you want the marking scheme and sample paper. Download sample paper and take out the marking scheme printout for future reference.

5. Does the CBSE board consider the pre-board exam marks when calculating the final Class 12 exam results? 

No, the pre-board examination scores are not added to or considered when calculating the final board exam results.

6. What is the marking system of CBSE Class 12?

The CBSE Class 12 marking system incorporates both marks and grades:


Total Marks:

  • Each subject has a maximum of 100 marks.

  • Practical subjects (like Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) have 70 marks for theory and 30 marks for practical exams.

  • Commerce subjects (Accountancy, Business Studies, and Economics) have 80 marks for theory and 20 marks for project work.

  • Mathematics has 80 marks for the written exam and 20 marks for internal assessment.

7. How will CBSE Class 12 marks be calculated?

CBSE uses a five-cum-nine point scale, assigning grades from A (highest) to E (lowest).


Grades are based on a combination of absolute marks and percentiles.

8. What is the criteria for Class 12 CBSE exam marks?

Students need to score a minimum of 33% in each subject and overall to pass the exam.

9. What is the marking scheme of Class 12 2024?

The marking scheme for each subject is released by CBSE every year, typically a few months before the exams. It provides detailed instructions on how marks are distributed for different sections of the question paper. You can find the latest marking schemes on the official CBSE website or through educational portals.