NCERT Book Class 12 Geography - India People and Economy PDF
1. What is the Syllabus of NCERT Book Class 12 Geography India People and Economy?
Ans. The syllabus of India People and Economy NCERT comprises five units, each having a number of chapters within it. There are total twelve chapters in all – (1) Population, (2) Migration, (3) Human Development, (4) Human Settlements, (5) Land Resources and Agriculture, (6) Water Resources, (7) Mineral and Energy Resources, (8) Manufacturing Industries, (9) Planning and Sustainable Development in Indian Context, (10) Transport and Communication, (11) International Trade and (12) Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems.
2. What is Target Area Planning in India?
Ans. Target Area Planning is framing specific schemes with the objective of development of different backward regions in this country. The underlying aim of such planning is to reduce regional imbalances and drive economic development. Some instances are – Drought Prone Area Development Programme, Hill Area Development Programme, Desert Development Programme, and Command Area Development Programme, among others.
3. What is Rainwater Harvesting?
Ans. Rainwater harvesting is the technology or process employed for the conservation of rainwater by way of collection, storage, conveyance and purification of rainwater that runs off from open grounds, roofs etc. It is utilised for subsequent use. Such harvesting includes the components of catchment, conveyance system, flush, filter and tanks.
4. What are the Types of Farming in India?
Ans. There are two main types of farming in India – (1) Irrigated farming and (2) Rainfed farming. The source of moisture for irrigated farming I by way of tubewells, wells etc. In case of rainfed farming, the primary source of moisture is rainfall. It can be further categorised into dryland farming and wetland farming.