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NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Chapter 4 - Kubla Khan Or A Vision In A Dream A Fragment

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NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Kaliedoscope Poetry Chapter 4

Kubla Khan or a vision in a dream a fragment is one of the greatest poems written by romantic poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Written in opium hallucination, Coleridge Class 12 English Kaleidoscope Chapter 4 retells the desire of a fictional Chinese emperor Kubla Khan.


NCERT Solutions for Class 12


Class 12 English

Subject Parts:

Part 2 Kaleidoscope

Chapter Name:

Chapter 4 Poetry- Kubla Khan Or A Vision In A Dream A Fragment


Text, Videos, Images and PDF Format

Academic Year:



English and Hindi

Available Materials:

  • Chapter Wise

  • Exercise Wise

Other Materials

  • Important Questions

  • Revision Notes

By following Class 12 English Kaleidoscope Chapter 4 solutions, students will understand the complexities of human dreams. Here the speaker envisions a landscape surrounding Xanadu, the Chinese emperor’s summer palace.

Narrator envisions this place as the epitome of pleasure, beauty, and violence. Coleridge contrasts the desire of a human with his limitation through imagery. The poet transports the readers to a world where the beauty lies parallel to unpleasant visions.

This duality of human emotions is explained briefly in the NCERT solutions with meanings of specific terms. A learner would easily distinguish between the symbolism and imagery indicated by Coleridge by revising from these solutions.

Access NCERT Solutions For Class 12 English Chapter 4: Kubla Khan

Understanding The Poem

1. Does the poem have a real geographical location? How does the poet mix up the real and the imaginary to give a sense of the surreal? 

Ans: In the poem, Coleridge mentions how Kubla wanted to build a dome untroubled by any of the natural forces. He wanted to create a private world deprived of change. The poet wanted to build a dome in the air with the forces of nature, which would reveal poetics and truth. He wanted to build something that would easily fit into the natural movements of the world. One example of how a poet connects reality with imagination is the Alf River. In this way, the poet adopts certain figures from the real world and binds them with imaginary concepts.

2. Pick out 

a. Contrasting images that are juxtaposed throughout the poem 

Ans:  Contrasting images in the poem are as follows: 

  1. The noisy, active, and sinister little river, Alph is shown a calm, quiet, and peaceful garden of the poem. 

  2. The ocean is also shown as gloomy and mysterious rather than a sunny, warm forest. 

  3. The dome feels warm, whereas the caves are cold, freezing, and icy.

  4. The “wailing woman” is compared with her lover described as a “demon.”

b. Images that strike the eye and images strike the ear, both positive and negative. 

Ans: The images that strike the eyes are 

  1. The imagery of the name “Kubla Khan” invalidates the mysterious, trance-like effect Coleridge is searching for. 

  2. The visual descriptions- “gardens bright and sinuous rills,” “incense-bearing tree,” “sunny spots of greenery,” and “forests ancient as the hills” provide an effect of some dreamy recollection. 

  3. The poem comes with alliteration in the introductory lines, with each line closing with the words- “Kubla Khan,” “pleasure-dome decree,” “river, ran,” “measureless to man,” and “sunless sea.” 

  4. The juxtaposition of the images “waning” and “wailing woman” coveys the effect of a wailing sound.

  5. The halting assonance in “As if this earth in fast thick pants were breathing” provides the effect of breathing.

c. The words used to describe the movement of water. 

Ans: The poet uses several words used to describe the movement of water. He attempts to visualize the river rushing down the hillside “momentarily” like a “fountain”: “A mighty fountain momentarily was forced.”, “meander with a mazy motion.” The poem represents the river as it rushes down a deep canyon and cuts into a wooded hillside with the lines “Through wood and dale the sacred river ran, / then reached the caverns measureless to man/ And sank in tumult to a lifeless ocean.”

3. What is the discordant note heard at the end of the third stanza? Can we relate this to the grandeur and turmoil that are a part of an emperor’s life? 

Ans: The poet calls Xanadu in a strange sense. He describes the essence as the floating hair and sparkling eyes. These markings present something scary. His vision is overwhelming that the spokesman consumes the milk from paradise together with honey. Critics claim that this picture takes Opium on one side, while others have not accepted these and try to explain it as a final vision of Kubla Khan. At the end of the third Stanza, an inexplicable and peculiar and peculiar atmosphere of mysticism is created.

4. Which are the lines that refer to magical elements? 

Ans: The lines that depict the magical elements are: 

  1. “And all should cry, Beware! / Beware! / His flashing eyes, his floating hair! Represents an atmosphere of supernatural mystery. 

  2. “Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree” creates a magical world. 

  3. “But oh! That deep romantic chasm which/ slanted” represents the world in some spell cast by some unknown power. 

  4. “It was a miracle of rare device, / A sunny pleasure-dome with caves of ice.” represents the dome.

5. What is poetic ecstasy likened to? 

Ans: Poetic ecstasy can be defined as the style of turning into alive passion through voicing intricate feelings and experiences. The rejuvenating euphoria and the ecstatic energy that remains in the mind and body are together as a strange force that shakes us from within. The magic surrounding the artist through such fragmentary moments takes him into a poetic ecstasy.

6. The poem is a fragment. What do you think has made it a lasting literary piece?

Ans: The poem is considered a universal piece of poetry. The calm, serene surroundings contrast with the dark, gloomy, violent river shown in the poem. There is a combination of Christian, Hinduism, and Islamic traits in the poem. An instance of Jesus’ cross sign is given in the poem. Kubla Khan is from an Islamic background. Also, the romantics shown in the poem are of the Hindu view of Pantheism.

NCERT Solution of Class 12 English Kaleidoscope Chapter 4 Poetry

Class 12 English Kaleidoscope Chapter 4 is Coleridge’s greatest poem resulting from a dream opium dose. This NCERT solution is a trustworthy guide for exam preparation and revision. Its in-depth explanation of the stanzas and underlying meaning helps every student rank well.

As these solutions are written in CBSE pattern, teachers highly recommend it for higher studies and competitive exams. Moreover, these answers are available in PDF format for free, making it accessible to young learners.

Class 12 English Kaleidoscope Chapter 4 Kubla Khan or A Vision In A Dream a Fragment

There are ideally six questions in Class 12 English Kaleidoscope Chapter 4, which are contextual in nature.

Q1. Kubla Khan or a Vision in a Dream a Fragment Class 12 English NCERT Solutions.

Solution: This question asks the student about the geographical location in the poem and the combination of dream and reality.

Q2. NCERT Solutions Class 12 English Kaleidoscope Chapter 4 Poetry.

Solution: The second question from this solution requires young learners to find the imagery in this poem, positive, and negative eye imagery and the flowing nature of the river.

Q3. NCERT Solutions Class 12 English Kubla Khan or a Vision in a Dream a Fragment.

Solution: This question makes students determine the contradictory note in the third stanza. Young students have to give their view of Kubla Khan’s life grandeur and turmoil.

Q4. NCERT Solutions Class 12 English Chapter 4.

Solution: Students in this question have to detail the lines indicating magical elements.

Q5. NCERT Class 12 English Kaleidoscope ch 4 Poetry.

Solution: Here, a student has to brief about ecstasy in poetry.

Q6. NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English ch 4 Kaleidoscope.

Solution: This question makes a student explain how this fragment poem can be considered as an eternal literary piece.

Why NCERT Solutions Class 12 English Kubla Khan or A Vision In A Dream Fragment Is The Best Study Material?

A 12th board exam taker needs impressive marks to apply for higher studies in prestigious colleges. Many students aspire to pursue English as a major, which further requires passing admission tests.

By referring to the Class 12 English Kaleidoscope Chapter 4 solution, a student can benefit profoundly.

  • Quality study material for all-round development of students.

  • In-text questions for developing logical, analytical, and reasoning skill of young learners.

  • Easy and lucid language for a better explanation of chapter and poems.

  • Interactive style question and answer for ease of understanding.

Young learners can download these solutions in PDF format from Vedantu, which is the best site for exam preparation. Moreover, there are notes and affordable live classes designed to elevate the education quality.

So, study well and refer to good study material for better ranking.


NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Chapter 4 - Kubla Khan or A Vision in a Dream: A Fragment provide valuable insights into Samuel Taylor Coleridge's enigmatic poem. These solutions offer a comprehensive analysis of the literary piece, unraveling its themes, imagery, and poetic devices. With detailed explanations and critical interpretations, students can develop a deeper appreciation for the nuances of Romantic poetry. By engaging with these solutions, learners can enhance their language skills, literary comprehension, and critical thinking abilities. Overall, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Chapter 4 enriches students' understanding of Kubla Khan, empowering them to excel in their English language and literature studies.

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Chapter 4 - Kubla Khan Or A Vision In A Dream A Fragment

1. How are Dream and Reality an Essential Part of the Poem Kubla Khan or a Vision in a Dream a Fragment?

Coleridge as a Romantic poet emphasised on the usage of imagination. The poem retells how the speaker imagined the palace of Xanadu. Time here doesn't work in linear method within the poem because the speaker moves back and forth within reality, imagination, and time.

The imagery of the pleasure dome presents dreams fashioned by imagination instead of reality. Coleridge also seems spellbound by the way imagination powers people to make things and create difficulty. Though the vision seems clear yet the speaker finds it difficult to rebuild his dream in writing. He stares at Kubla Khan and the damsel in search for answers.

2. What is the Importance of Nature in the Poem Kubla Khan or a Vision in a Dream a Fragment?

Kubla Khan by Coleridge covers details of history but being a part of the romantic age, it also focuses on nature. Coleridge begins the poem with a description of the mystical scenery neighbouring Xanadu. He now diverts the reader's attention to the lines' deep romantic chasm; this is a symbolism of peace and beauty as the water flows. The atmosphere turns deathly and dark as he links the river to prophesy of war and ancestral voices.

Though nature appears serene within Xanadu in contrast the war and bloodbath create a violent picture. Coleridge explains the duality of the beautiful scenery by portraying, fountain, the chasm and sea as perilous, and unpredictable behaviour in a horrifying way. He uses this effect to point out that nature can have a deep collision on both reality and imagination.

3. What does the Pleasure Dome Symbolism in Kubla Khan or a Vision in a Dream a Fragment?

Coleridge in this dream poem Kubla Khan or a Vision in a Dream, a Fragment uses various symbols to explain the complexities of the human mind. By using the term pleasure dome, the Chinese emperor Kubla Khan symbolises the act of creativity.

Coleridge created a poem in his opium sleep, which turned into a masterpiece. Similarly, the creation of a beautiful dome is a form of creativity for the narrator. The speaker seems awed by the enchanting design and desire to build something lasting, memorable, and striking.

4. What is the message of Kubla Khan according to Chapter 4 of Class 12 English?

The message of Kubla Khan is regarding the choices that lay in front of the poet and his preferences for those choices. It focuses on the natural environment as well. It has a romantic tone and each stanza of the poem has its own significant tale to tell. The poet takes us on this beautiful and mysterious journey of history.

5. What inspired Kubla Khan according to Chapter 4 of Class 12 English?

The poet states that the main inspiration of Kubla Khan was from one of the works of historian Samuel Purchas where he mentions the name Khan Kubla. This was the primary inspiration behind the poem. In the poem’s preface, it is also mentioned that the inspiration also came from a dream that the poet had when he was under the influence of opium.

6. What does the river Alph symbolize in Kubla Khan?

The river Alph in the poem Kubla Khan is a mighty river that the poet mentions in order to represent the brute forces of nature which induced the sense of power and excitement in its observers. The river’s movements also induced a sense of force and excitement. Contrary to other rivers of quiet and peaceful demeanour, this river was strong and fierce and not at all calm or serene like its other counterparts.

7. Is Kubla Khan a dream-poem?

The poem Kubla Khan can be best described as a vision that existed in a dreamy or fantasy state. It is often interpreted as a dreamy poem composed mainly due to the influence of opium and fantasy. The poet does not actually physically experience his observations and hence it could be referred to as a dream-poem rather than a poem based on actual observations or physical experiences of the poet.

8. How much should I pay for the solutions of Chapter 4 Kubla Khan of Class 12 English?

You are not required to pay anything for the solutions. The NCERT Solutions for Chapter 4 of Class 12 English is just a click away and at free of cost as they can be easily accessed on the Vedantu website and on the Vedantu app. If a student needs more information or help to understand the literature or grammar then they can visit the Vedantu website for modules and guidance.