NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Kaliedoscope Non Fiction Chapter 6
The team of English teachers at Vedantu knows the CBSE syllabus inside out. Hence English Class 12 NCERT Solutions Chapter 6 Non-Fiction is tailor-made for students who aim to score high in English. The poems, stories and dramas, which are part of the Class 12 Kaleidoscope series, are very lengthy and complex to go through. Hence, students need proper guidance during exam times which is what our solutions aim to provide. Issac Asimov’s Science Stories are one of the most popular stories in the Non-Fiction genre. The way he simplified the complex concepts of science for laymen has been one of the main reasons behind its success. We, at Vedantu, have tried to provide solutions to NCERT Class 12 English Chapter 6 On Science Fiction following the same principles.
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NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Kaliedoscope Non Fiction Chapter 6 - On Science Fiction
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Non-Fiction Chapter 6 – Free PDF Download
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Chapter 6 – Kaleidoscope Non-Fiction - On Science Fiction
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Chapter
Issac Asimov was born in Russia on January 2, 1920. He was brought to the US when he was 3 years old, and he graduated from Columbia University. His works include more than 500 volumes of written or edited publications. Some of the most popular ones are the robot and foundation series. He died on April 6, 1992. Asimov wrote about Science by linking it with history and his write-ups mostly go back to a time when Science was at its simplest. He believes that every history is preceded by a pre-historic period and in the field of science, the pre-historic lingers to many aspects of this field even in modern times.
This essay makes a point about science fiction and how science fiction cannot exist unless people realize that science and technology are working together to produce the future. It’s the advancements in these two fields (science and technology) that make the future different from the present and past.
According to Asimov, science fiction is a product of the industrial revolution of the 1800s that introduced technology to the world. Hence, science fiction is a new entrant into the world of fiction.
Kaleidoscope - On Science Fiction
There are two parts of this essay: “Prehistoric universe” and “The universe of Science Fiction”
People respect and fear science as well as scientists. It is based on the fact that people think science is the key to understanding the universe and that scientists have that key in their hands, with their mastery over science. By using science, people can control and manipulate the laws of nature and thereby become powerful.
Asimov believed in the idea that before the advent of science fiction, there must have been some other sort of literary work that filled in the emotional needs in people which science fiction provided later. In older times, people had no idea of science, and they believed that the universe was governed by someone or something bigger and more powerful than humans. These powerful beings were supposed to be larger than humans, had superhuman capabilities and longer lifespans.
These superhumans or Gods were thought to be temperamental and whimsical as the laws of nature are quite unpredictable. Sometimes there were calamities for no reason, and sometimes helpful natural events occurred. For these reasons, people generated formulas to placate these Gods.
The writer draws a parallel between the priests, magicians, shamans and wizards of prescientific times with scientists of the modern age. Earlier, it was the priest who had the secret of controlling the universe, and now it was the scientist. He compares the crystal balls of yesteryears, where one could see scenes and events happening many miles away to the television sets of today. The magic shells, using which people can hear whisperings of other humans miles away from there, are compared with telephones of the scientific era. There are many other such interesting parallels drawn like “open sesame” to remote controls and seven-league boots to automobiles.
All of these stories fulfil that one emotional need in humans which is the longing for some kind of wonder. That is why he says that one must not get too haughty with the notion of reality and brush off old literature on those grounds. The literature which has tickled human fantasy for ages is not to be dismissed since the notion of reality in itself is a farce.
The Universe of Science Fiction
In this part of the essay, Asimov talks about how science fiction is a humongous literary work. He talks about different kinds of stories and plots that writers use, and how the same story, when put in a science-fiction context, changes its shape and meaning. For example, a sports story would talk about athletes and competitive activities, and a jungle story may write about perils prevalent in forests.
When the content of such stories is given a scientific twist, it involves thinking of a society that is entirely different from ours. So a scientific sports story would involve gas guns and spheres inside an atmosphere which has zero gravity rather than the usual clash of bat and baseball. If it is a jungle story then rather than a jungle, the author would write about a distant planet where exotic dangers exist.
The writer says that science could transcend into Non-Fiction too. He asks the readers to think of any novel or story which has invigorated their soul and touched them deeply and then transport that story to a place where interplanetary travels happen. It not only makes for a great literary work but also great science fiction.
Asimov mentions John W. Campbell in this context as Mr Campbell once said that science fiction encompasses all possible domains that include societies of all kinds along with reality and fantasy intermingled in it. The only place where the writer disagrees with Cambell is where Mr Campbell says that only mystery novels can not be written as science fiction. Asimov says that there is no reason that a traditional mystery novel cannot use scientific background and enhance its style.
Exercise - Understanding the Text
This exercise has 3 questions, and all are long answer types. All the answers to these questions are made directly from the essay, and students can refer to the summary provided here to answer these questions.
Exercise - Talking About the Text
There are 2 questions in this exercise which is meant to be discussed in small groups. These questions revolve around science and technology and are a good way to promote healthy discussion amongst peers.
Exercise - Appreciation
This exercise has 3 questions, all long answer types. Students need to understand the concept of this essay to answer these questions. There is also a question on paragraph formation, which is aimed at building writing skills in students.
Exercise - Language Work
This Exercise has Two Sections
In the first section, “Literary Allusions”, students need to find out about mythological creatures and their stories.
The next section is dedicated to enhancing the English language by:
Marking pauses correctly in given sentences and dialogues.
Identifying noun phrases in the given sentences with transitive verbs.
Key Features of NCERT Solutions for Class English Chapter 6
NCERT Class 12 English Chapter 6 On Science Fiction is an interesting read. At the same time, students might need help with some of the complicated ideas and problems presented in this essay. The experts at Vedantu, with their experience and skill, have provided NCERT Solutions Class 12 English Kaleidoscope Chapter 6 Non-Fiction most accurately and simply. Few reasons why students must avail of this service by Vedantu are:
The teachers are up-to-date with the CBSE curriculum, and their solution will surely get you high marks in English.
You can get the download the link for the PDF of the entire chapter’s solution so that you do not need to rely solely on the internet when you want to revise this chapter.
If you get stuck somewhere in the solution, Vedantu’s team is always there to clarify all your doubts.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. How has the author compared the mythological stories of the past with science fiction?
The writer has beautifully drawn parallels between the pre-scientific era and science fiction by comparing the priests and shamans of old times with scientists of today. The way people believe that priests knew the secrets of the universe and were more powerful than other humans, similarly they view scientists like the ones who know the universe and can manipulate it to become more powerful. The crystal balls are compared with television sets since both of them are used to view events that are happening miles away. The author compares the magical shells with telephones because both of them will allow you to hear human whispers from a distance.
All the myths and legends of the past and the science fiction fulfil one common need in humans i.e. the satisfaction of reading about wonders.
2. In what context, does Asimov mention John W. Campbell and where did the writer find him wrong in his views?
Asimov believes that every kind of story can be written as science fiction. Just the societies will change along with methods and objects being used in the stories. He agrees with Mr Campbell when he says that the domain of science fiction is huge. A science-fiction encompasses all conceivable societies, the past, the future, real, fantasy, etc. Mr Campbell is of the view that a mystery novel will not do justice to the readers if written as science fiction. However, Asimov disagrees with that. He feels that even a classical mystery novel like that of Sherlock Holmes can be twisted to give the main detective extraordinary capabilities which will make the plot more interesting.
3. Who was Issac Asimov in Class 12 English Kaleidoscope Chapter 6?
Issac Asimov had made a lot of publications and was born on 2nd January 1920. His hometown was Russia. He has published 500 series of written and edited articles. He was brought to the US after three years of his birth and had completed his studies at Columbia University. The most popular work of Asimov was the Robot and Foundation series. He believed that science and fiction have helped to bring technology in front of people.
4. What is the importance of understanding history to know science better?
Issac Asimov believed that historic and prehistoric events played an important role in redefining science and function. He observed that science was simpler in earlier times but has helped a lot to figure out new observations and research theories. Prehistoric science events have helped to understand science deeply and relate it with technology for the betterment of humans.
5. Why has Asimov referred to science fiction as a humongous literary work?
When stories related to sports and forests are given a twist of science fiction, it attracts the readers the most. Asimov has taken an example in the story of a sports boy, when there is a touch of science fiction in it, it will become a story of gas guns and spheres inside the atmosphere of the Earth. He has taken more such examples of how science fiction can help stories to convert them into literary work to attract readers.
6. Why should students choose Class 12 English Kaleidoscope Chapter 6 Solutions?
It is very important to have a deep understanding of the chapter to be able to solve any kind of question you may come across during your exam. In this case, you should have solved questions with reliable answers so you can refer to them to have a better understanding of the chapter. These solutions are prepared and structured by subject experts in simpler languages, which will help you gain a proper understanding of each question.
7. Where can I find downloadable solutions for Class 12 English Kaleidoscope Chapter 6?
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