Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Chapter 5 - The Argumentative Indian

Last updated date: 21st Feb 2024
Total views: 419.4k
Views today: 13.19k
Rank Predictor

Class 12 English NCERT Solutions for Kaleidoscope Non-Fiction Chapter 5 - The Argumentative Indian - Free PDF Download

NCERT Solutions Class 12 English Kaleidoscope Chapter 5 Non-Fiction "The Argumentative Indian" has been formulated by teachers at Vedantu to give accurate and simple answers to this chapter and take off some burden from your shoulders. If you go through English Class 12 NCERT Solutions Chapter 5 Non-Fiction prepared by our experienced subject experts, you do not have to go through the entire chapter again and again for revision. Class 12 English NCERT Solutions Kaleidoscope Ch 5 is based entirely on the CBSE pattern, and you can be sure of scoring big once you avail of our services.


NCERT Solutions for Class 12


Class 12 English

Subject Parts:

Part 2 Kaleidoscope

Chapter Name:

Chapter 5 Non-Fiction - The Argumentative Indian


Text, Videos, Images and PDF Format

Academic Year:



English and Hindi

Available Materials:

  • Chapter Wise

  • Exercise Wise

Other Materials

  • Important Questions

  • Revision Notes

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Kaliedoscope Non Fiction Chapter 5 - The Argumentative Indian

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Non-Fiction Chapter 5 Free PDF Download

Class 12 is a point in a student’s life where career decisions are made. This crucial period is full of studies, assignments and choices. The one decision that is necessary to make is to take help in solving their English chapters’ problems by subject matter experts. A PDF is a great way for quick revision and also accessing the solutions from anywhere, anytime. NCERT Class 12 English Chapter 5 The Argumentative Indian solutions are now available in the PDF format at the official website of Vedantu. Download and save NCERT Solutions Class 12 English Kaleidoscope Chapter 5 Non-Fiction PDF on your device so that you do not need an internet connection if you want to revise later.

Chapter 5 – Kaleidoscope Non-Fiction - The Argumentative Indian

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Chapter


Amartya Sen is an Indian born economist who won a Nobel prize in 1998 for his contribution to Welfare economics. He was born in Dhaka, Bangladesh on 3rd November 1933 and started teaching economics at Harvard University in 1987. He was then appointed as the master of Trinity College, Cambridge, and became the first Asian to head an Oxbridge college.

Amartya Sen’s name was given by Rabindra Nath Tagore as he was born on the campus of Shanti Niketan which is both a school and college run by Mr Tagore. 

Sen published a book with the same title as this chapter in 2005, and the chapter is acquired from the opening sections of the same book. This book talks about how Indians have had a long tradition of debating the truth of different ideas. The author talks about the ability of Indians to talk at length about any topic under the Sun. 

He has explained details of contemporary India from 2005 and traced back its history to ancient India. This selection of writings from Mr Sen has outlined how one needs to see the modern Indian in the light of the long tradition of argumentation in India. Sen also argues how India’s democracy can succeed only if one will eradicate the demarcations in a society based on caste, religion, gender and community.

Kaleidoscope - The Argumentative Indian

The Argumentative Indian book has four sections and this chapter is from the first section named “Voice and Heterodoxy”.  In this section, he discusses three main things:

  • Dialogues and Significance: Here, he speaks about how our epics Mahabharata and Ramayana have shown the significance of arguments. He takes the example of the exchange of dialogues between Lord Krishna and Arjuna (one of the Pandavas from Mahabharat) in the Bhagavad Gita (one small section of Mahabharata). Arjuna is doubtful of the rights and wrongs in fighting his own kin and also causing the massacre of innocent individuals in the war. 

However,  Krishna readies him by telling him that one must perform one’s duties, irrespective of consequences. The moral position acquired by Krishna has been endorsed by many famous poets like T.S Eliot who summarizes Krishna’s admonishment in a few words which say “Not farewell, but fare forward”. This teaching of Krishna had a profound effect on European culture. These arguments from our epics have remained relevant even in the contemporary world.

  • Gender, Caste and Voice: We all know that India is a male-dominated society and people would infer that this tradition of arguments had been solely a prerogative of the male species in Indian culture. The author says that this is true to a large extent, but there are many examples starting from ancient India, where women have raised pertinent questions and have taken part in political leadership. He complements his views with many examples like that of Sarojini Naidu, who was the first woman president of the Indian National Congress 1925 (50 years before Margaret Thatcher became the first woman leader of the British political party in 1975).

Women have taken part in debates and discussions even in ancient times which is depicted in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad where an arguing combat took place between Yajnavalkya (an unparalleled scholar and teacher) and Gargi (a woman scholar). The barriers of arguments have crossed caste and gender in India for a very long time. The author also makes a point about how affluence and a happy life are not always the same thing.

  • Democracy as Public Reasoning: In this subheading, the writer talks about how public reasoning shapes our society and culture. He states that public arguments are the basis of a democratic society and that India owes it to its rich heritage of arguments (contrary to the popular belief that British rule and its influence is the sole reason for democracy in India).

Exercise - Understanding the Text

This exercise has 4 questions, and all are long answer types. The questions are based directly on the essay and content, and most of them can be answered by reviewing the given summary.

Exercise - Talking About the Text

There are 2 questions in this exercise where students are encouraged to discuss amongst themselves. This will not only better their oratory skills but also allow them to comprehend the essay from different angles.

Exercise - Appreciation

This exercise has only 1 question where 4 statements are taken from the essay, and students need to find supporting evidence for those from the writing.

Exercise - Language Work

This exercise has two questions and both are geared towards building proficiency in the English language. Details of the exercises are given below: 

  • Students have to find words in the essay which are related to the basic idea of finding words like “prolixity”. They also have to find words which are used to qualify something like “often enough.”

  • Students are given examples of abstract nouns in different types of phrases, and they are supposed to examine noun phrases in sentences that are picked from the essay.

Key Features of NCERT Solutions for Class English Chapter 5

NCERT Class 12 English Chapter 5 The Argumentative Indian is a topic that needs an in-depth analysis of various aspects presented by the author. To help you in finding the most accurate solutions to the questions posed in this chapter, our teachers at Vedantu have done extensive research and come up with the solutions. The primary benefits students would gain with these solutions are:

  • Comprehensive explanations for each exercise and questions promote a deeper understanding of the subject.

  • Clear and structured presentation for easy comprehension.

  • Accurate answers aligned with the curriculum, boosting students' confidence in their knowledge.

  • Visual aids like diagrams and illustrations simplify complex concepts.

  • Additional tips and insights to enhance students' performance.

  • Chapter summaries for quick revision.


NCERT Solutions plays a crucial role in Class 12 exam prep. Start by thoroughly reading the textbook chapter. After that, solve the NCERT questions for Class 12 Chapter 5 - The Argumentative Indian. You can find detailed solutions on Vedantu that align with CBSE guidelines. Download the free NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Chapter 5 - The Argumentative Indian to guide your exam preparation with expert-reviewed answers.

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Chapter 5 - The Argumentative Indian

1. How has the author explained the effect of the Bhagavad Gita on European culture?

As per Mr Sen, the dialogues between Krishna and Arjun during the Kurukshetra war represents a classic example where both sides of an argument have equal importance, irrespective of the one who wins. Even the defeated argument is not obliterated from the memory of readers and is still alive. The ideas that transpire in this argument are relevant even in contemporary times and poets such as T.S. Eliot has endorsed it in their writings. Christopher Isherwood has even translated the Bhagavad Gita into English. 

Wilhelm von Humbolt praised this piece of writing as the most beautiful philosophical song in any language written so far. Even J. Robert Oppenheimer (leader of the US team during the second world war who developed weapons of mass destruction) was moved by Krishna’s words when he witnessed the massive effect of the nuclear explosion in 1945. This is a perfect case of the first world borrowing ideas from the third world.

2. Explain how the author has established the role of public reasoning in any democratic society.

The author believes that the richness of argumentative Indian tradition is at the core of its subcontinental lives. Though most people attribute the democracy followed by Indians as an impact of British influence during British rule, the same impact is not seen in a hundred other countries that were ruled by Britishers. The roots of democracy lie in the tradition of public reasoning. India has always been tolerant of intellectual heterodoxy; that is why democracy has been so useful here.

3. Who was Amartya Sen? 

Amartya Sen was an Indian economist who was born in the year 1933 on 3rd November in Dhaka, Bangladesh. He was awarded the Nobel prize in 1998 for the contribution he had given in Welfare Economics. He started his teaching career at Harvard University by teaching economics to students in 1987, and after that, he was also appointed as the Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. He was the first Asian to achieve a head position at Oxbridge College. 

4. Where was Chapter 5 of Class 12 English Kaleidoscope taken?

The chapter was taken from the book Amartya Sen published with the same title as the chapter. This chapter from Class 12 Kaleidoscope is the first few pages of the book. This book tells about the long history of Indians debating the truth of different ideas. This book beautifully explains the capability of Indians to debate on any topic for hours long without getting tired and how the ideas of people differ from each other.

5. What does the book published by Amartya Sen tell you about?

The book is published under the same title as Chapter 5 of Class 12 English Kaleidoscope. This book tells about the ability and capability of Indians to debate on the truth of different ideas. That they can easily talk about any idea standing under the Sun. This book also tells about the long history of India and how modern India is formed in the lighting of the traditional one. He also argues that India will become successful if you remove discrimination based on caste, religion, gender, or community. 

6. Where can I find important questions for Class 12 English Kaleidoscope?

To get the NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Kaleidoscope, follow the below-mentioned steps carefully. 

  • First, visit the page NCERT Solutions Class 12 Kaleidoscope.

  • The Vedantu Solutions page will open for Class 12 English Kaleidoscope Short Stories.

  • At the top of the page, you will find a link to download the PDF for important questions for Class 12 English Kaleidoscope.

  • Click on the provided link, and the PDF will start to download. 

  • After the download is completed, you will have access to the crucial questions in offline mode also as they will be automatically saved to your device. 

These questions are available free of cost. 

7. What are the key features to choose NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Kaleidoscope short stories?

The solutions from Vedantu are prepared by subject specialists who have years of experience in the same field. The solutions are structured in a simple language so it will be easy for you to understand and relate the solutions and answers. With this PDF for the Class 12 English Kaleidoscope NCERT solution, you will get the idea of how to write and format your information in the form of an answer to gain maximum marks in the exam. Students can also download these solutions from the Vedantu app free of cost.