1. How has the author explained the effect of the Bhagavad Gita on European culture?
As per Mr Sen, the dialogues between Krishna and Arjun during the Kurukshetra war represents a classic example where both sides of an argument have equal importance, irrespective of the one who wins. Even the defeated argument is not obliterated from the memory of readers and is still alive. The ideas that transpire in this argument are relevant even in contemporary times and poets such as T.S. Eliot has endorsed it in their writings. Christopher Isherwood has even translated the Bhagavad Gita into English.
Wilhelm von Humbolt praised this piece of writing as the most beautiful philosophical song in any language written so far. Even J. Robert Oppenheimer (leader of the US team during the second world war who developed weapons of mass destruction) was moved by Krishna’s words when he witnessed the massive effect of the nuclear explosion in 1945. This is a perfect case of the first world borrowing ideas from the third world.