NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology

VSAT 2022

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology

Biology is a difficult subject. But with the right technique and attitude, most students can get good marks. However, if a student is in Class 11th, then he or she needs to do a lot more than that.

The one thing that any student needs to do is practice regularly. There are many exercises and questions that are mentioned at the end and middle of the chapter. Students should solve all of those questions. And if a student is not sure about the answer to a question, then he or she should look for NCERT Solutions Class 11 Biology.

If you are looking for solutions, then you should browse the NCERT biology Class 11 pdf document given on this page. You can download this file with click on the pdf link given on this page below or download the Vedantu app to access the NCERT solutions for this chapter

Biology NCERT Solutions for Class 11 - Free PDF Download (All Exercises are Covered with Answers)

NCERT Solution for Class 11 Biology - Free PDF Download

Studying biology can be a fun experience if you follow the right teaching method. We at Vedantu apply those teaching techniques to help students learn new concepts and get rid of any query that they might have.

An important part of learning biology is solving the questions that are mentioned in the textbook. Sadly, students often face many issues while doing that. If you are one of those students, then you can say goodbye to all your worries.

At Vedantu, we provide Ncert biology Class 11 Chapter wise solutions pdf. Students can download this document by installing the Vedantu app on their device.

List of Chapters in NCERT Class 11 Biology

Chapter 1 The Living World 

Chapter 2  Biological Classification

Chapter 3 Plant Kingdom

Chapter 4 Animal Kingdom

Chapter 5 Morphology of Flowering Plants

Chapter 6 Anatomy of Flowering Plants

Chapter 7 Structural Organisation in Animals

Chapter 8 Cell the Unit of Life

Chapter 9 Biomolecules

Chapter 10 Cell Cycle and Cell Division

Chapter 11 Transport in Plants

Chapter 12 Mineral Nutrition

Chapter 13 Photosynthesis in Higher Plants

Chapter 14 Respiration in Plants

Chapter 15 Plant Growth and Development

Chapter 16 Digestion and Absorption

Chapter 17 Breathing and Exchange of Gases

Chapter 18 Body Fluids and Circulation

Chapter 19 Excretory Products and their Elimination

Chapter 20 Locomotion and Movement

Chapter 21 Neural Control and Coordination

Chapter 22 Chemical Coordination and integration


Chapter Details & Topics Covered in NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology

Chapter 1: The Living World 

This chapter provides an overview of natural flora and animals. The pupils are taught about the concept of living and what it implies. After that, the chapter discusses taxonomic groupings and assistance before introducing students to the crucial topic of genus and species classification. They are led into the intriguing world of living organisms, where they discover previously unknown information about their surroundings and habits. They're also taught about biodiversity and why preserving it is so important. In this day and age, all youngsters must have this virtue, and this chapter ensures that it is taught in them.

Along with this, students can also download additional study materials provided by Vedantu, for Chapter 1 of CBSE Class 11 Biology Solutions -


Chapter 2: Biological Classification

This chapter delves deeper into a biological classification for the student. The classification of the five kingdoms is explained in a simple and straightforward manner. Kingdoms addressed in this chapter include Kingdom Monera, Kingdom Protista, Kingdom Fungi, Kingdom Plantae, and Kingdom Animalia. Students will also look at how experts like Aristotle and Linnaeus used previous classification systems, as well as how the system has evolved through time.

Along with this, students can also download additional study materials provided by Vedantu, for Chapter 2 of CBSE Class 11 Biology Solutions -

Chapter 3: Plant Kingdom

The students dig into the specifics of the world as it has been categorised thus far in this chapter. They investigate the further classification of the plant kingdom in order to make it easier to study. Throughout this topic, they are exposed to new terms such as Gymnosperms, Angiosperms, and so on. They also learn about the life cycle of plants and how the plant generations change. Students will have a solid grasp of the natural habitat, characteristics, and physiology of the complex organisms known as plants by the end of this chapter.

Along with this, students can also download additional study materials provided by Vedantu, for Chapter 3 of CBSE Class 11 Biology Solutions -

Chapter 4: Animal Kingdom

The most important kingdom, Animalia, is the subject of this chapter. Despite their differences in shape and structure, they all have some features that let us categorise them efficiently. The phyla Porifera, Coelenterata (Cnidaria), Ctenophora, Platyhelminthes, Aschelminthes, Annelida, Arthropoda, Mollusca, Echinodermata, Hemichordata, and Chordata will be studied thoroughly in this chapter. The strategies used by animals to survive, as well as their physiology, habitat, and anatomy, are all examined in depth. Unit 1, Diversity in Living Organisms, comes to an end with this chapter. This chapter has a 14 percent weightage in the NEET test and a 7-point weighting in the final exam, making it quite important from the point of view of exams.

Along with this, students can also download additional study materials provided by Vedantu, for Chapter 4 of CBSE Class 11 Biology Solutions -


Chapter 5: Morphology of Flowering Plants

Any serious attempt to categorise and observe any higher plant (or, in the case of living organisms, any living being) needs familiarity with conventional technical nomenclature and definitions. We must also examine variations in other components found as plant adaptations to their environment, such as adaptations to varied habitats, for protection, climbing, and storage. This chapter also covers the root, stem, leaf, inflorescence, flower, fruit, and seed, as well as a semi-technical description of a typical blooming plant and many important plant families.

Along with this, students can also download additional study materials provided by Vedantu, for Chapter 5 of CBSE Class 11 Biology Solutions -

Chapter 6: Anatomy of Flowering Plants

This chapter discusses the internal structure and functional connections of higher plants. Plants have cells as their basic building blocks, and these cells are organised into tissues, which are organised into various sections of the plant. Within angiosperms, monocots and dicots are physically different. Internal structures, like external structures, vary in reaction to various conditions. The Tissues, The Tissue System, Anatomy of Dicotyledonous and Monocotyledonous Plants, Secondary Growth, and so on are all covered in this chapter.

Along with this, students can also download additional study materials provided by Vedantu, for Chapter 6 of CBSE Class 11 Biology Solutions -

Chapter 7: Structural Organisation in Animals

Students have previously investigated a variety of unicellular and multicellular biological creatures. They will study that  Multicellular creatures, unlike unicellular organisms, have tissues with well-organized cells that execute a variety of functions.  Earthworms, cockroaches, and frogs are studied in terms of their morphology and anatomy. This concludes Unit 2, Structural Organization in Plants and Animals, which is worth 5% of your NEET score and 12 points in the final Biology exam.

Along with this, students can also download additional study materials provided by Vedantu, for Chapter 7 of CBSE Class 11 Biology Solutions -

Chapter 8: Cell the Unit of Life

The whole discipline of biology is based on cell theory. This chapter instructs students on important topics,  Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells are discussed in this chapter. The membrane-bound and non-membrane-bound organelles that make up a cell are taught to the students. They also learn about their structure and function with the help of insightful pictures. The students also learn about the many biologists who have made major contributions to the field.

Along with this, students can also download additional study materials provided by Vedantu, for Chapter 8 of CBSE Class 11 Biology Solutions -

Chapter 9: Biomolecules

Students will learn about biomolecules, their roles and structures, and why they are important in this chapter through this chapter. They'll look at metabolites and biomacromolecules like proteins and enzymes. They'll discover the critical role enzymes play in biological processes.

Along with this, students can also download additional study materials provided by Vedantu, for Chapter 9 of CBSE Class 11 Biology Solutions -

Chapter 10: Cell Cycle and Cell Division

The basic building elements of life are cells. It is important to comprehend them in order to comprehend a range of other biological issues. This chapter introduces the student to the fundamental principles of the cell cycle and cell division. After studying this chapter, they will be aware of the differences between meiosis and mitosis, as well as their significance. They study the stages of the cell cycle such as Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, and Cytokinesis. With this chapter, Unit 3: Cell Structure and Functions comes to a conclusion. It is worth 9% of the NEET score and 15 points in the final exam.

Along with this, students can also download additional study materials provided by Vedantu, for Chapter 10 of CBSE Class 11 Biology Solutions -

Chapter 11: Transport in Plants

Plants, unlike humans, do not have the ability to move, therefore they must rely on the soil for nutrition and their roots to absorb it. Plants have acquired a sophisticated transportation system that includes Xylem and Phloem as a result. Imbibing, plasmolysis, and osmosis are among the topics covered in this chapter. Among other things, students learn about active transportation and transpiration. For a better understanding of this chapter, see the NCERT Biology Class 11 PDF. 

Chapter 12: Mineral Nutrition

This chapter teaches students how to identify the numerous minerals necessary for a plant's development and function. They investigate what defines a mineral as essential, as well as its route of transport and absorption. They also learn about the symptoms of mineral deficiency, which indicate a lack of certain minerals, providing them with a more holistic view of this topic. They'll also learn about nitrogen fixation and why it's important.

Chapter 13: Photosynthesis in Higher Plants

Plants are the only food supply for all living organisms, including humans. Green plants, often known as autotrophs, use photosynthesis to create or prepare the food they require. In green plants, photosynthesis is a physicochemical cycle in which light energy is utilised to promote the mixing of organic compounds. Photosynthesis is important for two reasons: it moulds and creates the basis for all realised food chains on the planet. This chapter covers the design of photosynthetic mechanisms as well as the many processes that transform light energy into chemical energy.

 Chapter 14: Respiration in Plants

Students have already learned that plants perform two primary functions: photosynthesis and respiration, up to this point. The students are exposed to the latter in this chapter through this chapter. Some of the new terminology and ideas they will encounter are aerobic and anaerobic respiration, glycolysis, fermentation, the electron transport system, and the tricarboxylic acid cycle.

Chapter 15: Plant Growth and Development

In this chapter, students will reflect on the various internal and external factors that impact a plant's growth and development. Plant development phases, growth regulators, differentiation, dedifferentiation, redifferentiation, Vernalization, and seed dormancy will all be explored. Plant hormones and their involvement in plant growth and development are also covered. With this chapter, Unit 4: Plant Physiology comes to a conclusion. It is worth 18 points in the final Biology exam and has a 6% weightage in NEET.

Chapter 16: Digestion and Absorption

This chapter teaches students human physiology and assists them in comprehending how their own bodies function. This chapter focuses mostly on food digestion and absorption. Digestive system disorders are also briefly discussed. The chapter also goes over the many nutritional components that are essential in our daily diet, as well as the problems that might arise if we don't get enough of them.

Chapter 17: Breathing and Exchange of Gases

This chapter introduces students to the concept of breathing and explains the distinctions between it and respiration. This chapter focuses on the respiratory system and the organs that make it up. The movement and exchange of gases such as oxygen and carbon dioxide are discussed in detail. Additionally, the students are educated about a variety of common respiratory diseases as well as their causes.

Chapter 18: Body Fluids and Circulation

As previously discussed in earlier chapters, all live cells require nutrition, oxygen, and other essential components. Furthermore, in order for tissues to function correctly, waste or dangerous substances must be eliminated on a regular basis. In the great majority of higher animals, including humans, blood is the most often utilised body fluid. Another body fluid, lymph, also assists in the transport of certain compounds. The organisation and properties of blood and lymph (tissue fluids), as well as the mechanism of blood dispersion, will be discussed in this chapter.

Chapter 19: Excretory Products and their Elimination

Given that the students had just dealt with gaseous waste in the previous chapter, it's only natural that they'd be curious about the elimination of solid and liquid waste produced by metabolic processes or excessive intake. As a result, the excretory system in humans is the subject of this chapter. Students learn about the many components of the excretory system, including the auxiliary organs. They study the process of urine generation and kidney function regulation, as well as numerous kidney diseases.

Chapter 20: Locomotion and Movement

Movement is one of the most important features of living creatures. Animals and plants may move in a number of different ways. Such voluntary motions are referred to as locomotion. Strolling, sprinting, climbing, flying, and swimming are all examples of locomotor activity. Structures controlling locomotion do not need to be distinguishable from those affecting other forms of motion. Animals' movement methods change as their habitats and situations change. Food, cover, a mating partner, ideal breeding grounds, perfect climatic conditions, and avoiding hunters are only a few of the causes for locomotion.

Chapter 21: Neural Control and Coordination

We discover in this chapter that coordination is the mechanism through which at least two organs interact and augment each other's components. Our body's neurological and endocrine frameworks work together to coordinate and incorporate all organ processes so that they all run smoothly. This chapter covers human brain architecture, neural coordinating tools such as nerve impulse transmission, impulse conduction across a synapse, and the physiology of reflex response.

Chapter 22: Chemical Coordination and Integration

The endocrine and exocrine glands that reside in organisms are discussed in this chapter. The human endocrine system, the hormones it produces, their actions, and illnesses caused by excess or lack of these hormones are all given specific consideration. The mechanism of hormone action, as well as the feedback mechanism that governs hormone production, are taught to students. Unit 5, Human Physiology, comes to an end with this chapter. It has a 20 per cent weightage in NEET and 18 points in the final exam.


Important Chapters for NCERT Class 11 Biology 

The table below consist of list of chapters which are important for NCERT Class 11 Biology Term I and Term II exams.

Class 11 Biology Term I Chapters

Class 11 Biology Term II Chapters

Chapter 1 The Living World 

Chapter 10 Cell Cycle and Cell Division

Chapter 2  Biological Classification

Chapter 13 Photosynthesis in Higher Plants

Chapter 3 Plant Kingdom

Chapter 14 Respiration in Plants

Chapter 4 Animal Kingdom

Chapter 15 Plant Growth and Development

Chapter 5 Morphology of Flowering Plants

Chapter 17 Breathing and Exchange of Gases

Chapter 18 Body Fluids and Circulation

Chapter 19 Excretory Products and their Elimination

Chapter 20 Locomotion and Movement


Chapter 21 Neural Control and Coordination


Chapter 22 Chemical Coordination and integration


Tips for Acing the NCERT Biology Exam in Class 11

  1. Make a Study Plan and Follow it Consistently and Diligently.

It is important to stick to a well-planned timeline and study plan when studying for the Class 11 Biology examination. Students must devise a study strategy after thoroughly examining the revised exam pattern, curriculum, and marking system in order to ensure a smooth and outstanding preparation. They should dedicate equal amounts of time to each of the exam's themes, with enough study breaks in between. Students should set aside extra time for essential and difficult topics, as well as for problem-solving exercises, practise papers, and revision sessions.

  1. Get Started on your Preparations As Soon As Possible.

The first course of action is to get started on your preparations as soon as possible. Don't wait until the exam is almost over to do it! When exams are coming, many students want to start studying for the first time! This is a dreadful plan! Instead of wasting time, students in 11th-grade Biology should begin studying for each topic as soon as possible. Starting early has several benefits; if you start early enough, you will have the luxury of focusing on only minor elements of the curriculum at a time. As a consequence, you will be able to understand the concepts more easily.

  1. Understand the Biology Paper's Structure and Curriculum in Depth.

On a regular basis, the CBSE provides and updates the syllabus and exam pattern for the Class 11 Biology exam. All of the questions on the Class 11 Biology examination are drawn from a set of topics. Aside from the curriculum, the design of the paper is important since it may help you create your own approach for successfully completing the question paper.

  1. Examine a Number of Different Question Variations.

To build confidence and be ready to confront any topic in the Biology test, it is necessary to become familiar with the many types of biology questions. Students should work on a range of sample papers and CBSE Question Papers For Class 11 Biology to improve their skills. Solving these papers not only helps you to become familiar with a variety of question variants, but it also allows you to have a better knowledge of the question structure and the best method to answer a question in order to receive high points.

  1. Important Terms and Diagrams Should Not Be Ignored

In Biology, there are a number of key terms and concepts that are critical for examinations. Aside from studying and memorising key concepts, the topic also has several important diagrams that will be tested in the exam. Thoroughly practise the diagrams and their labelling to be able to provide the correct solution in the Biology exam. Practice them on a regular basis to help you remember and review them rapidly.

  1. Examine the Biology Syllabus at least a Few Times

Because biology is a theoretical topic, students must make revision sessions a priority in order to recall and retain information for a longer time. Reread each Biology chapter's themes and double-check the chapter weighting for the Biology final test.


Additional strategies and advice for acing the Biology Class 11 exams are included below, in addition to the ones already mentioned:

  • When you begin attempting questions from a new section of the question paper, always write neatly and on a new page.

  • Maintain the order in which the questions are asked in the CBSE Class 11 Biology exam.

  • For the 5 and 3 mark questions, always include a relevant diagram (labelled) even if the questions don't state so.

  • All essential keywords in the Biology test should be highlighted and mentioned.

  • Set aside 10 to 15 minutes for reviewing and double-checking for any questions that were missed.

These suggestions will help students prepare better for the Biology examination and will also help them achieve the best possible results for their Class 11 Biology exam.


2021-22 Marking Scheme for CBSE Biology Class 11 

The CBSE board has split the academic sessions into two terms for the academic year 2021-22. The whole curriculum is divided equitably to allow pupils to dedicate sufficient time to master the most important topics. The main objective is to help students understand how topics taught in previous sessions are related. It aims to provide board exam revision classes at the end of each academic year so that students can master the material. Refer to Vedantu's NCERT Biology Class 11 PDF to do well in the Biology exam, which has been designed using the most up-to-date marking scheme and exam format.


NCERT Solution of Biology Class 11 - Free PDF Download

The best part about education is receiving excellent marks or grades. It can be a very satisfying experience to know that all your hard work has paid off. However, the journey to achieving those marks is not an easy one.

When it comes to the subject of Biology, there are many things that a student must do to get excellent marks. First, the student should begin by reading the chapter. The final examination conducted by CBSE is strictly based on that material. Hence, every student should be familiar with the NCERT biology book.

After going through the book, the next step is to solve all the exercises and in-text questions. If you have any doubts related to the answer to those questions, then you should refer to our Class 11 biology ncert solutions pdf.

The next step is to practice all the diagrams. With this, the student has pretty much covered the entire NCERT Biology book. Now, all that remains is for the student to practice more questions and revise the text.

Students can download the document containing NCERT solutions Biology Class 11 for free by visiting the Vedantu official website or download Vedantu app.


NCERT Solutions of Biology Class 11

If you wish to know what the subject of biology entails, then there are many definitions that you can find online or in textbooks. However, in the simplest terms, it can be explained that this subject consists of the study of living beings.

Biology can primarily be divided into two separate branches. These branches are zoology and botany. Zoology comprises the study of animals, while botany consists of the study of plants.

In Class 11th Biology, students have to finish many chapters that fall under the division of both Zoology and Botany. If, at any time, the student feels like he or she is facing issues, then the student should refer to the solutions of class 11 bio NCERT.


Marks Weightage of Class 11 Biology NCERT

The total marks allotted to the Biology textbook during the written examination are 70 marks. Unit 1 holds 7 marks, unit 2 comprises 11 marks, unit 3 is of 15 marks, unit 4 holds 17 marks, and unit 5 consists of 20 marks.

If a student wants to prepare according to the marks weightage of the units, then he or she can do so by first focusing on unit 5. Unit 4 can be learned after that. However, irrespective of the order in which one learns, it is vital for students to revise.


Benefits of CBSE Class 11 Biology NCERT Solutions

There are many advantages that students experience when they download the file containing Biology NCERT Class 11 solutions. Some of those benefits are:

  • All solutions are completely accurate and written in points. This ensures that students are able to understand the text easily.

  • At Vedantu, we have a team of highly experienced teachers who are experts in their fields. These expert teachers work on all solutions.

  • All solutions are written according to the CBSE guidelines. This will allow the students to score the highest possible marks.

  • Students often find the task of solving questions very tedious. But we at Vedantu have adopted a unique approach that makes learning and solving questions fun for students.

  • Solutions come with tips and exam strategies that students can follow to get the most out of their time.

Are you interested in experiencing those same benefits and more? If yes, then download the Vedantu app today!


How would Vedantu Study Material Help in Learning More Effectively?

Ask any student what is the most fun part of their school. There are pretty good chances that the answer you receive will be something along the line of spending time with friends or some extra-curricular activities. This paints a dire picture.

But thankfully, you can expect all of this change because of our experts at Vedantu. We at Vedantu make sure that we do everything in our power to make learning more fun. Our main aim is to provide a type of education that students look forward to and the type of education that would make students think.

On top of all this, we provide around the clock query solving options for students. This means that if a student has any doubt, then all he or she has to do is visit our website or use the app to ask his or her question.

Make learning simpler today by joining Vedantu!

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology

Q1.  I’m having a hard time learning at school. How can Vedantu help?

Ans: We at Vedantu provide students with help in all respects when it comes to learning. We have a team of exceptional in-house teachers. You can ask queries and even attend live lectures.

Q2. Mention the name of the structure that is also known as the ‘little nucleus.

Ans: Nucleolus

Q3. Do I have to pay to access NCERT solutions of Class 11th Biology?

Ans: No. You can download the solutions of NCERT biology Class 11th completely free of cost. All you need is the Vedantu app to access the file!

Q4. Which is the best book for Biology Class 11?

Ans: The NCERT Class 11 Biology textbook can be considered the best book for Biology. This is designed by expert teachers who have in-depth knowledge about the subject. The NCERT books are updated regularly. The language is easily understandable. Students can download NCERT Class 11 Biology Books to refer to them whenever they want to, without an internet connection. The solution PDFs and other study materials such as important questions and revision notes can also be downloaded from the Vedantu app as well, for free of cost.

Q5. How can I prepare for the Class 11 Biology exam using NCERT Solutions?

Ans: Students can prepare well with NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology. The questions and answers in the NCERT Solutions are given chapter-wise and are easy to understand. Students do not need to waste their time while searching for the answers anywhere else. The sample question paper given in the NCERT solutions can be practised too. It will help students get an idea of the question paper they will encounter in the final examination. They can learn to write proper answers in the right format.

Q6. What are the chapters in Class 11 Biology?

Ans: There are a total of five units and 22 chapters in Class 11 Biology. 

  • Unit I: Diversity in the Living World - four Chapters

  • Unit II: Structural Organization of Plants and Animals - three Chapters

  • Unit III: Structures and Functions - three Chapters 

  • Unit IV: Plant Physiology - five Chapters

  • Unit V: Human Physiology - seven Chapters

The solution PDFs for these chapters and other study materials such as important questions and revision notes can also be downloaded from the Vedantu app as well, for free of cost.

Q7. Which is the latest edition of Class 11 Biology NCERT?

Ans: The latest edition is NCERT Book for Class 11 Biology, which can be downloaded in both languages, i.e., the NCERT Biology Book for Class 11 in English and NCERT Biology Book for Class 11 in Hindi. The NCERT book is very helpful for students to understand the basic concepts of the subject, which will help them in the competitive exams as well. Your study schedule becomes much easier with NCERT books.

Q8. Which is the best site for NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology PDF?

Ans: At Vedantu, the chapters are provided in simple language and updated with the latest curriculum for free of cost. The solutions are very well organised and given as per the chapters. The revision notes from Vedantu will help students to be perfect with their preparation without any confusion. These notes can be utilised for the competitive exams also. You can visit NCERT Book for Class 11 Biology and confidently start your preparation with Vedantu.

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