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NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 Morphology of Flowering Plants

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Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT Solutions - FREE PDF Download

Vedantu provides Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT solutions, a key resource for students who want to navigate the concepts of Class 11 Biology Chapter 5. Students can learn about the inside topics such as Root, Stem, Leaf, Inflorescence, etc. Students can go through these solutions to gain a better understanding of key concepts and enhance their problem-solving skills. 

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Table of Content
1. Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT Solutions - FREE PDF Download
2. Glance on Biology Chapter 5 Class 11 Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT Solutions
3. Access NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 Morphology of Flowering Plants
4. Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 Morphology of Flowering Plants: Quick Overview of Topics Covered 
5. Deleted Topics from Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 - Morphology of Flowering Plants
6. Benefits of Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 - Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT Solutions
7. Important Study Materials for Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 Morphology of Flowering Plants Exercise
8. NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology FREE PDF | Other Chapter-wise Links
9. Related Important Links for CBSE Class 11 Biology NCERT Solutions
FAQs


The advantage of Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT solutions is their alignment with the latest CBSE Class 11 Biology syllabus. This ensures students are well-prepared for their board exams according to the syllabus, as the solutions closely follow the CBSE Biology class 11 syllabus and exam pattern. You can access the Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT PDF FREE Download from this page. 


Glance on Biology Chapter 5 Class 11 Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT Solutions

  • This chapter deals with the concepts of root, stem, leaf morphology, seed dormancy, inflorescence, and more.

  • Morphology Of Flowering Plants Class 11 NCERT begins with a foreword about the variety of structures in higher plants. 

  • Clear, Concise explanation on the Topic, like diversity and the angiosperms have some common characteristics, including roots, stems, leaves, flowers, and fruits. 

  • The segment stresses the importance of knowing the standard technical terms and definitions for classifying and understanding higher plants. 

  • It also stresses the significance of learning the variations in different parts of plants found as adaptations of the plants to the environment. 

  • It gives examples of adaptations to different habitats for protection, climbing, storage, etc. 

  • It then describes the weed, which, when pulled out, is seen to have roots, stems, and leaves and might be bearing flowers and fruits. 

  • It is mentioned that the part under the ground of a flowering plant is known as the root system, and the portion above the ground is called the shoot system.

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Access NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 Morphology of Flowering Plants

1. How is pinnately compound leaf different from palmately compound leaf?

Ans:


Pinnately Compound Leaf 

Palmately Compound Leaf 

Leaflets form a compound leaf when they are attached to a common axis called the rachis.

A common point on the leaf stalk connects the leaflets.

Neem and Cassia fistula (also known as golden shower plant) are examples.

Silk cotton -Bombax and cannabis are examples.

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Pinnately and Palmately Leaves


2. Explain with suitable examples the different types of phyllotaxy?  

Ans:  

The arrangement or pattern of leaves on a stem or branch is called Phyllotaxy. Phyllotaxy is categorized as alternate, opposite, and whorled. A single leaf emerges from the node of an alternate phyllotaxy plant. Plants such as sunflowers, mustard, and peepal exhibit phyllotaxy. Phyllotaxy, or opposite leaf growth, occurs when two leaves emerge oppositely from the node. In plants like guavas and jamuns, it is found. The leaves of whorled plants arise from a node that has three or more leaves. It can be found in Alstonia. 


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Phyllotaxy in Leaves


3. Define the following terms  

  1. Aestivation  

  2. Placentation  

  3. Actinomorphic  

  4. Zygomorphic  

  5. Superior ovary  

  6. Perigynous flower 

  7. Epipetalous Stamen  

Ans:  

  1. Aestivation: Aestivation describes the arrangement of sepals or petals within a flower bud relative to other members. In plants, aestivation consists of four types: valvate, twisted imbricate, and vexillary. 


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Types of Aestivation in Corolla


  1. Placentation: The placentation of ovules in an ovary has been commonly termed placentation. There are five basic types of interdigital structures: marginal, basal, parietal, axile, and  free central. 


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Placentation(a) marginal (b) axile (c)parietal (d) free Central (e) basal


  1. Actinomorphic: A radial plane passing through the center of a filamentous flower can divide it in two. Chilli and mustard are examples of these flowers.  


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Actinomorphic Flower


  1. Zomorphic: These flowers share a common vertical axis that divides them into two similar halves. In other words zygomorphic flowers have bilateral symmetry.  Peas and beans are examples. 


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Zygomorphic Flower


  1. Superior ovary: Those flowers with the gynoecium at the top and other floral parts below are referred to as superior ovary flowers. It is called hypogynous when it has this arrangement. Brindal and mustard are two examples. 


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Superior Ovary


  1. Perigynous flower: The thalamus of perigynous flowers forms a cup-shaped structure, and floral parts grow from the cup's rim. A condition where the ovary is in half superior, half inferior, is described as this. Plums and roses are examples of this.  


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Perigynous Flower


  1. Epipetalous Stamen: Stamen with petals attached to them. Brinjal is a good source of them.


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Epipetalous Flower


4. Differentiate between 

(i) Racemose and cymose inflorescence

(ii) Apocarpous and syncarpous ovary

Ans:

(i)


Feature

Racemose inflorescence

Cymose inflorescence

Flower Arrangement

Acropetal

Basipetal

Flower Development

Sequentially from base to tip

From buds below the terminal flower

Main Axis Growth

Continuous

Terminates in a flower

Examples

Lilies, hyacinth

Dandelions


(ii)


Features

Apocarpous ovary

Syncarpous ovary

Carpels

Separate carpels

Fused carpels

No. of fruits

Multiple

Single

No. of pistils

Multiple

Single

Example

Strawberry

Tomato


5. Draw the labeled diagram of the following (i) Gram seed (ii) V.S. of maize seed

Ans:

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Gram Seed


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V.S. of Maize seed

6. Take one flower of the family Solanaceae and write its semi-technical description. Also draw their floral diagram.

Flowers of Solanum Nigrum  

Family Solanaceae  

Vegetative Features:  

Habit: A herbaceous, upright plant  

The leaves are simple, exstipulate, and reticulately venous  

Stem: A tall, branched stem.  

Floral Features: Inflorescence: axillary and solitary  

Flowers: Sexually dimorphic actinomorphic flowers  

Calyx: The calyx consists of five sepals that are united and persistent. Aestivation is a valvate.  

Corolla: The corolla has five petals united by a valvate aestivation. 

Androecium: The epipetalous stamens of the anthuriums.  

Gynoecium: It is composed of a bicarpellary syncarpous superior ovary with an axile placentation. 

Fruits: Berry  

Seeds: Numerous, endospermous


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Floral Diagram of Family Papilionaceae


Floral Diagram of Family Papilionaceae

Floral Formula:


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Floral diagram of family Solanaceae


Floral diagram of the family Solanaceae

Economic Importance: Used for medicinal Purposes.  

7. Describe the various types of placentations found in flowering plants. 

Ans:  An ovary's potentiation refers to the position of the ovules. It is categorised into five basic categories.

  1. Marginal placentation:  

A marginal placenta develops along the ventral suture of the ovary and the ovules are formed in two rows to separate the placenta from the ovules. The placentation of peas is of this type. 

  1. Parietal Placentation

The ovary is said to have parietal placentation when the ovules develop on the inner wall of the ovary.


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Parietal Placentation


  1. Axile Placentation

Axial placentation is characterized by an axial placenta attached to ovules. Tomatoes, lemons, and china roses are examples. 


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Axile Placentation


  1. Basal Placentation

Having basal placentation is when the placenta grows from the base of the ovary and an ovule is found attached to it. Marigold and sunflower are a few examples.  


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Basal Placentation


  1. Placentation in the center. Placentation without septa is characterized by ovules developing on the center axis while septa are absent. This type of placentation is common in Dianthus and primrose. 


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Central Placentation


8. What is a flower Describe the parts of a typical angiosperm flower?  

  • Ans: Flowering plants (angiosperms) have flowers as their reproductive unit. Angiosperms reproduce sexually through flowers. 

  • Flowers are usually modified stems with condensed axes. There are four concentric lobes on a flower. 

  • Calyxes, corollas, androecium, and gynoecium make up the four whorls of the flower, from outside to inside. 

  • On flowers, the androecium represents the male reproductive whorl and the gynoecium represents the female reproductive whorl. 

  • An example of a bisexual flower is one with both androecium and gynoecium, while a unisexual flower only has gynoecium. 

  • There is usually a distinct corolla and calyx, but they can  be fused (called perianth). All four parts of a flower are known as a complete flower.


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Parts of a Flower


  1. Calyx: The calyx is made up of sepals in the outer whorl of the flower. At the buds stage, they serve as a protective covering. An open flower's sepals are known as polysepalous, whereas flowers with fusions of sepals are known as gamosepalous. In addition to being photosynthetic, sepals are also green in color. 

  2. Corolla: The flower whorl is the part of the flower that lies toward the inner side of the calyx. Individual petals of the corolla are brightly colored and help attract insects for pollination. The condition in which the petals are fused is called gamosepalous, and the condition with free petals is known as polypetalous.  

  3. An androecium or stamen is a yellow or red shaped male reproductive organ. A filament and a bilobed anther constitute the filament. Anthers bilobeds produce pollen grain and undergo meiosis. One connective connects the two anther lobes. 

  4. The gynoecium represents the female reproductive branch of a flower. A female ovary is present in the body. An ovary is connected to the stigma via a long tube (called a style). Numerous ovules form an attachment to the placenta at the ovary.


9. Define the term inflorescence. Explain the basis for the different types of inflorescence in flowering plants. 

Ans: 

  • Floral inflorescences are arranged along a floral axis. Vegetative apexes of stems are transformed into floral meristems during the blooming season. 

  • A racemose or cymose inflorescence is classified based on whether or not the floral axis continues. 


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Racemose and Cymose Inflorescence


10. Describe the arrangement of floral members in relation to their insertion on thalamus?

Ans: A flower is described as epigynous, perigynous, or epigynous depending on the position of its calyx, corolla and androecium (relative to the ovary). Hypogynous flowers possess an ovary positioned at the top of the thalamus while other floral parts sit below. The ovary is located on the rim of the thalamus in perigynous flowers, while in China roses, mustards, etc., the ovary is situated toward the middle. Plum, rose, peach, etc., are examples of ovary half inferiors. The thalamus surrounds the ovary in epigynous flowers and forms a fusion with its wall. Above the ovary, there is another group of floral parts. In the flowers of guava and cucumber, the ovary is considered inferior.


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Hypogonous, Perigynous and Epigynous Flower


Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 Morphology of Flowering Plants: Quick Overview of Topics Covered 

Following are the topics that are covered in class 11 biology chapter 5:


S. No

Topics 

1

The Root

  • Regions of the root

2

The Stem

3

The Leaf

  • Venation

  • Types of Leaves

  •  Phyllotaxy

4

The Inflorescence

5

The Flower

  • Parts of a flower

6

The Fruit

7

The Seed

  • Structure of Dicotyledonous Seed

  •  Structure of Monocotyledonous seed

8

Semi-technical description of a typical flowering plant

9

Description of some important families

Solanaceae


Deleted Topics from Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 - Morphology of Flowering Plants

  1. Modifications of Root

  2. Modifications of Stem

  3. Modifications of Leaves

  4. Fabaceae

  5. Liliaceae


Benefits of Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 - Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT Solutions

This chapter elaborately discusses the different topics related to the botanical structures of a flowering plant. Let us check the significant highlights of Class 11 biology chapter 5 exercise solutions:


  • Students will come to know about the roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, and seeds of these plants in detail. 

  • To grasp these concepts, students will have to study the chapter properly and proceed to solve the Morphology of Flowering Plants exercise questions.

  • The questions in the Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT PDF have been compiled with the prime motive to deliver an assessment platform for the students to check their preparation level. 

  • This chapter deals with a clear concise explanation of the concepts related to root, stem, and leaf morphology, seed dormancy, inflorescence, and more.

  • Morphology Of Flowering Plants Class 11 NCERT begins with a foreword about the variety of structures in higher plants. 

  • Clear, Concise explanation on the Topic: like diversity, the angiosperms have some common characteristics, including the presence of roots, stems, leaves, flowers, and fruits. 

  • They can evaluate their conceptual foundation and knowledge of such topics by answering these questions. Hence, using the Morphology of Flowering Plants questions and answers PDF will be a boon for the preparation.


Important Study Materials for Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 Morphology of Flowering Plants Exercise


Conclusion

The Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 - provided by Vedantu, are an excellent resource for preparing students for their exams. The solutions cover all the important topics in the chapter, including the different parts of a flowering plant, their functions, and adaptations. The students must have gained enough insights from the class 11 biology chapter 5. You can also access the Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT PDF Download, which is provided in this study material, and retain it until the examination day. Practice Morphology of Flowering Plants exercise solutions, and take note of the chapter coverage and preparation tips we suggested. 


NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology FREE PDF | Other Chapter-wise Links

Below are the other chapter-wise Links for the Solutions for Biology NCERT Class 11. You can download FREE PDFs of these chapter-wise solutions to familiarise yourself with the concepts.



Related Important Links for CBSE Class 11 Biology NCERT Solutions

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 Morphology of Flowering Plants

1. Which website provides Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 5?

Vedantu provides well-designed NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 5, Morphology of Flowering Plants. Morphology of Flowering Plants questions and answers are available in PDF format. CBSE Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 are designed by subject experts who are well-versed in NCERT guidelines and exam patterns. The Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT PDF materials help students in exam preparation and score well in the Biology paper. 

2. What are the advantages of Vedantu’s Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT solutions for Class 11 Biology?

Referring to Class 11 Biology Chapter 5, exercise solutions is beneficial during exam preparations. These well-prepared solutions allow students to have a better understanding of the chapter. By downloading Vedantu’s NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 5, students can find the explanation to the exercise questions asked in the exam. The material is prepared by subject matter experts to help students understand how to write answers in the exam. These can also be utilised during revision. NCERT Solutions have proven helpful in boosting students’ confidence while appearing for the exam.

3. What are the subtopics of Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 Morphology of Flowering Plants?

Following are the subtopics of Class 11 Biology Chapter 5, Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT: 

  1. The Root and the stem

  2. The Leaf

  3. The Inflorescence

  4. The Flower

  5. The Fruit

  6. The Seed

  7. Semi-Technical Description of a Typical Flowering Plant

  8. Description of Some Important Families

4. What are some questions for Class 11 biology chapter 5 exercise solutions?

Following are some of the important questions of Class 11 Biology Chapter 5 Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT solutions:


What is meant by modification of root? What type of modification of root is found in the:

  • Banyan Tree

  • Turnip

  • Mangrove Trees

  • Explain, with suitable examples, the different types of phyllotaxy.

  • What is a flower? Describe the parts of a typical angiosperm flower.

  • Describe the various types of placentations found in flowering plants.

5. Is Morphology Of Flowering Plants Important for NEET?

Yes, the ‘Morphology of Flowering Plant' is important for NEET. To ace this exam, the students should have a good study guide available on Vedantu. The notes are also available in  Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT PDF format with explanations that are easy to understand. Critical concepts and topics related to this chapter are given properly. The points are given in bullets to help you remember them easily.

6. What is Morphology in Class 11 biology chapter 5?

Morphology is derived from the Greek words ‘morphos,’ which means form, and ‘logos,’ which means study. It is a branch of science that deals with the research of the form and structure of things and is called ‘Morphology’. They are described and characterised by the presence of roots, stems, leaves, flowers, and fruits. It includes several aspects like color pattern, structure, shape, size, and appearance. Anatomy and Eidonomy are two of the distinct branches of Morphology.

7. How do you learn the morphology of flowering plants?

Chapter 5, Morphology of Flowering Plant, is filled with ample examples. So, it becomes quite tough to remember all of them. Learning this chapter can be made easy at Vedantu from Morphology of Flowering Plants questions and answers PDF, where you will find it easy to understand all the concepts and examples in an easy way and precise manner. Explanations are to the point, well-researched, and written by the subject experts. The Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT PDF download is free on the Vedantu website.

8. Who is the father of the morphology of flowering plants?

Wilhelm Hofmeister is considered to be the most credited German botanist in the field of plant structure and reproduction. To learn more about Class 11 biology in Chapter 5, refer to the Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT solutions provided by Vedantu.

9. What is the role of morphology in plant identification?

The Morphology of Flowering Plants NCERT solutions explains the importance and role of morphology in terms of leaves, stems, overall structure, flowers and fruits.

10. How many types of morphology are there?

Many types are generalised in terms of scale, specific features, applications, etc. Students can access the Morphology of Flowering Plants questions and answers PDF to learn about the structure, morphology, and more.

11. What are the two main groups of flowering plants?

Monocotyledons and Dicotyledons