NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Book - Free PDF Download

When you reach class 10, subjects such as science and mathematics can be a bit difficult to handle in terms of their materials and topics. In such cases, having the assistance of NCERT solutions for class 10 science can help you a lot in case students want to score some great marks in their examination. We have a collection of wisely-created solutions for NCERT class 10 science chapters that will help you delve a bit deeper into the chapters and get a vast understanding of the concepts that are practised in every single one of them. We understand that subjects such as Biology, Chemistry, and Physics can be a bit overwhelming to handle, especially in Class 10. 

Don’t worry because help is right here when you need it. All you have to do is visit the official site of Vedantu and make sure that you get the best solutions for every single chapter provided in the class 10 science textbook. These solutions are great for researching and for the preparation of exams. Not to mention that you will be able to download them for offline study as well since these are available in PDF formats for the students. The solutions are always updated to the latest editions of the books and contain all the answers to every single question in the textbook. 

Vedantu has carefully designed the science NCERT Solutions for class 10 Science that can help you understand the concepts and learn how to answer properly in board exams. The NCERT Class 10 science book consists of 16 chapters, and they are divided into three parts; each part has a specific field of science. You can also download NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths from Vedantu

Importance of Class 10th science

Download NCERT solutions Free For Class 10 Science 

For those who want to choose science as their subjects for further studies, it is really important to have their concepts cleared out at a young age. This is why they need to work hard and keep their interest alive in the subject. Only then will they be able to make sure that they are getting all the benefits of the science stream. Keeping good marks in school is also really important for that. Students need to understand the chapters and for that, we are always ready to help. We have managed to analyze the different key points that are essential in bridging the gap and we are here to provide the best created and accurate solutions for the class 10 science textbook. This way, students can get to know what to expect from every single one of the chapters and they will also have an idea about the questions that might be expected in the examination. 

We have PDF files of NCERT solutions that students can refer to for their study plans and it will surely be a big help to them when they want to be on top of their class. Preparing from these NCERT solutions will ensure that students have deep knowledge about what information is provided in the chapter. Our answers and solutions are carefully created by professors and masters so students can rely on the accuracy and the details on them. 

Learning 10th Science Concepts

Science is one of the most demanding subjects while still being fun to solve questions. When it comes to explaining, science is the only subject that will not ask you to make assumptions. It will show you why you have to take this formula and solve a particular problem. Once you get a fair understanding of how to solve NCERT solutions, you can easily tackle exemplar books, Previous year question paper, and CBSE sample paper, online mock tests and of course, the most important, your final exams. You need to keep practicing and revising your performance every day.

Science is everywhere; from your child going to school to him riding back home on the school bus, everything has science. A smartphone that a student uses to interact with his friends and distant family members is also a gift of science, and without science, it won't be possible.

Also Download CBSE 10th Class Date Sheet 2020.

Get Chapter-wise Information on Class 10 Science Solutions 

Have a look at the chapter-wise details that we have provided here with the NCERT solutions. There are chapters of chemistry, biology, and physics in the class 10 textbook of Science. With the help of the solutions, students can get to know what questions are there on these chapters and how to tackle them in the board exams to score better marks and stay ahead in the class. 

Chapter 1: Chemical Reactions and Equations 

The 1st chapter of class 10 science is about chemical reactions and equations. Some questions are based on different chemical equations that students have to balance. These questions are high-scoring ones and students can easily use these questions to get better marks. The chapter deals with different ways of forming chemical equations. There are some other topics such as Displacement and Combination Reactions, Decomposition Reactions, Double-Displacement Reactions, Redox Reactions, and much more. Not to mention that students will also get to learn more about topics such as rancidity and corrosion. There is also information about metal reactivity and different chemical changes that take place.  

Chapter 2: Acid Bases and Salt 

This chapter has a lot of questions about acids, salts, and bases and it is a really important chapter for sure. We all know about the different chemical reactions. In this chapter, we are going to learn about the different reactions of the compounds with one another in the best way. There are also some details about the neutralization reaction in this chapter. Also, the pH scale is mentioned in the best way for students to understand. These are some reactions that students will have to study: 

1. Reaction of acids & bases with different metals 

2. Reaction of non-metallic oxides with a base

3. Reaction of metal carbonate or metal hydrogen carbonate with different acids 

4. Neutralization Reaction 

Chapter 3: Metals and Non-Metals

This is a chapter that begins with an explanation of different physical properties regarding different metals and non-metals. Then the students will reach the chemical properties of these metals and non-metals as well. After that, we get to learn more about different reactions that go through these products after they are being reacted with compounds. Apart from that, there are several details about corrosion and other topics such as metal occurrence in nature and the environment. Most long-answer questions are included in the chapter along with some experiments as well. There are 5 different exercises along with an End exercise in this chapter. 

Chapter 4: Carbon and its Compounds

Chapter 4 of NCERT Class 10 science deals with organic chemistry. One of the most important topics that students have to go through in this chapter would be the basics of the detergent and soap cleansing actions. There is also a mention of the nomenclature of carbon and the different compounds that it has. Also included are details about the derivatives of such compounds in the best way. There are 5 exercises and an End exercise in this chapter. Students will be able to learn the analysis, applications, of Carbon and its Compounds from these solutions of the chapter. There are also some memory-based and practical questions provided here. 

Chapter 5: Periodic Classification of Elements

Chapter 5 NCERT Solution of Science Class 10 provides an understanding of the importance of our periodic classification of different elements. How we managed to reach the periodic table is also included in the chapter. There are descriptions of the different details about the modern periodic table. The chapter consists of different questions and exercises to which you will get solutions. 

Students can get well-explained and detailed answers to the questions in this particular chapter that they can further use in order to ensure that they are able to answer all the questions in the easiest way. 

Chapter 6: Life Process

The 6th chapter of Class 10 Science is of Biology and it deals with different processes of life such as Respiration, Transpiration, Nutrition, Excretion, and much more in plants and human beings. The chapter consists of 34 different questions and from these questions, some are objective while others are long-answer type questions. Students can use these questions and get their solutions from our official site to make sure that they are able to score better marks than the others in their examinations. We are pretty sure that this is going to help a lot.  

Chapter 7: Control and Coordination

In this chapter, students will get to have a deeper understanding of topics such as the nervous system in the body of human beings. Also, they will get to know about the anatomy of the human brain along with the coordination of hormones in animals. The chapter includes about 12 different questions and there are some objective-type options for the students to choose from as well. Go and refer to the NCERT solutions for class 10 science right now to get the best results in your exams. 

Chapter 8: How do Organisms Reproduce

In the 8th chapter of the book, we provide some explanation about the process of reproduction that takes place in single-celled organisms and multi-celled organisms as well. The chapter explains the different types of reproduction such as sexual and asexual. Also, there are details about the reproductive systems in plants as well as animals. There are about 11 questions in this chapter and there are some exercises as well. So, students will get to learn a lot from these chapters in the best way. 

Chapter 9: Heredity and Evolution

This chapter in the science book deals with the passing of genes between different generations. Also, the chapter provides information on the process of sex determination. The chapter has details on the entire concept of Evolution with the help of the Charles Darwin theory. Students can get familiar with the concepts and then attempt to solve the questions that are provided in the chapter. There are about 12 questions in it along with end exercises as well. 3 of the questions are objective and the rest are long-answer type. 

Chapter 10: Light Reflection and Refraction

After reading this chapter, the students will get to know about the different phenomena that the light has to go through. Refraction and reflection are the important topics in this chapter and there are several explanations to these the laws of refraction and reflection. There are also some mathematical elements in the chapter that are explained well in our solutions. The chapter includes 17 different questions along with an end exercise for the students. The first 5 questions included in the chapter tend to be objective.  

Chapter 11: Human Eye and Colourful World

This is a chapter that will primarily focus on the human eye structure as well as the various functions that are included in every single part of the eye. Also, there are some explanations regarding the different eye problems that people might have in their life. There are about 13 questions present in the chapter. 4 of them are objective and can be used by the students to score higher marks in the examination. Also, there are diagrams that students need to study so that they can score better marks in their exams. This chapter is really important as all the answers are based on the details provided in the chapter. 

Chapter 12: Electricity

For this chapter, students will dive into the different concepts of electric current. They will also get to learn important terms such as potential difference, resistance, circuit diagrams, and much more. The details of Ohm’s Law are also included in the chapter. Also, students will know about the different effects of heating on electrical power and current. Not to mention that students will get to understand the different symbols used in a circuit diagram. Also, there are some details about the current flow that occurs in a particular circuit and much more.  

Chapter 13: Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

The 13th chapter of Class 10 science deals with important topics such as magnetic fields and different field lines. Also, students can learn about hard rules, the force on a particular type of current conductor, magnetic fields, and circuits. The chapter is meant to provide an insight into topics such as generators, motors, electromagnetic inductions, and much more. There are 18 questions in the chapter along with a few objective types as well. In the exercises for this chapter, students will also find several numerical solutions.  

Chapter 14: Sources of Energy

Students will know about different energy forms that are available to mankind such as non-conventional and conventional forms of energy. There are comparisons between different energy forms and the explanations are provided in the chapter. Also, students will get to know the importance of using several non-conventional types of energy rather than the conventional options. There are 10 questions in this chapter and some of them are objective types.  

Chapter 15: Our Environment

The 15th chapter of NCERT Class 10 Science book deals with the environment that we live in. There are several ecosystems working in the environment and students will get to know about keeping it stable and balanced. There is also information about ozone layer depletion, food chains, and management of waste. The chapter has a total of 9 questions and 3 are objective ones. 

Chapter 16: Management of Natural Resources

The chapter goes through important topics such as management and preservation of different resources that include petroleum, coal, wildlife, forests, and much more. Students will get to learn about the 3 R’s, i.e., Reduce, Reuse, Recycle for management of waste. The chapter consists of 7 questions and students can find all the answers to these questions in our PDF files for the solutions. 

Marking Scheme of NCERT Class 10 Chapters


Unit Name



Chemical Substances - Nature & Behaviour



World of living



Natural Phenomena



Effects of Current



Natural Resources


Total Marks


20 Marks will be Internal Assessment

Type of Questions

Objective Type

(1 mark each)

Short Answer Type

(3 marks each)

Long Answer Type

(5 marks each)

Total  Marks 
















Analyzing & Evaluating















Benefits of Referring to Class 10 Science Solutions 

 For students who are planning on giving the CBSE examination, it is essential to have these NCERT Solutions for the class 10 science chapters. These solutions will help you prior to your exams as you can know more about the marking scheme, question pattern, difficulty level and nature of questions, section-wise marking and so much more. Here are some benefits of referring to these solutions. 

  1. Learn Questions Prior to Your Examination 

By knowing the pattern of different questions that come in the examination, students can easily make sure that their preparation is on point. This way they are more confident and sure about taking the board exam and hence they get to score more marks. 

  1. Practice More for Time management 

It cannot be denied that time management gets better and better with more practice as it helps in boosting the speed of answering the questions during your exams. So, with total awareness of the answers with the solutions provided by us, you can efficiently manage time. 

  1. Get Accurate Answers to Questions

One of the best things about the NCERT solutions that we have for class 100 is that these answers are prepared by teachers and masters who have enough experience in teaching the subject. Hence, the details and the accuracy of the chapters are undeniable for sure. 

  1. Give A Stress-Free Examination 

While students might get anxious during their board exams, with the help of these NCERT solutions, they can easily practice more and more which will further reduce their stress and make sure that they are able to perform well in the exams. 

Why Should Students Download NCERT Solutions of Class 10 Science?

Students who go through the science exam in class 100 need to know that they have to answer all the questions in a very lucid manner because there aren’t many choices available in the question paper. The paper consists of questions with a total of 80 marks and includes different questions of varying length and marking. There are some practical questions too. The paper is divided into three sections A, B, and C. The 1st section has one mark questions while the second section has a few short answer type questions that are of 3 marks and the third section will have long-answer questions which are mostly of 5 marks each. 

The NCERT Solutions for the Class 10 science questions will provide more understanding and knowledge to the students about the chapters. With a clear concept, they will get to understand all the important topics and hence will be able to answer the questions asked in the exams in a better way. Not to mention that it also assists a lot when it comes to increasing the aggregate marks in board exams. 

It is not a surprise that science is considered to be one of the subjects where students can score the most. Hence, students need to make sure that they are able to have knowledge and details about all the chapters provided in the book of Class 10 Science. Our NCERT Solutions can be a great help in that case. All these solutions and answers are created very carefully under the expertise of masters and professors. With these answers, students will get to have all the details for their preparation for class 10 board exams.

Students get to understand how they are going to solve the different questions present in the exams and also they will get to know about the marking scheme and the question difficulty level.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. Where can I find NCERT Solutions for Science Class 10 for my board exam preparation?

Ans: We are very proud to announce that all the NCERT solutions for science class 10 chapters are available on the official site of Vedantu. Students need to go to our official site and create an account with a username and password so that they can have access to a plethora of solved questions and solutions from every single chapter provided in the textbook of class 10 science. Our NCERT solutions contain precise details about each topic and are created under the expertise of masters and teachers. Hence students can easily score better marks by reading these answers and practising the numerical solutions.

Q2. What is a Dark Reaction in Plants? Does it Happen Without Light, and Does Photosynthesis Always Need Light for the Reaction to Take Place?

Ans: Dark reaction is the process of photosynthesis, which happens in the absence of light, i.e., it happens in the night, but it is also the reaction that is happening simultaneously with light reaction. It's a chemical process that happens in a plant that does not need light. Moreover, this reaction is based on the enzymes reacting with each other. As a result, even if there is no light, it will still take place. Also, when it comes to photosynthesis, it can only be done when sunlight or artificial light is triggering photosynthesis.

Q3. How do NCERT Solutions for class 10 science help the students in scoring high marks?

Ans: We all can attest to the fact that Class 10 Science can be a difficult subject to handle for several students since there are new and important topics to discuss. It is due to this reason that students sometimes need to have some sort of help when it comes to the preparation for their exams. This is where the NCERT solutions step in to help. With the help of these solutions, students will understand the questions and the answers that are provided in every single chapter with no hassle. Also, it helps them practice before the exam and hence helps in the management of time as well.

Q4. What is the Use of the Ozone Layer in the Earth's Environment, and Why is it Important?

Ans: Ozone is one of the most important layers of our earth's atmosphere for many reasons. Ozone is a natural process for all types of life forms. In addition to this, it is the layer of the atmosphere that protects the earth from the sun's harmful radiation. If the ozone is not present in the earth's atmosphere, there won't be any life on earth as the sun's heat waves can easily destroy all life forms and evaporate all the water present in the sea.

Thus, if there's a slight change in this layer's size, it will bring a drastic change in the lives of people. Furthermore, the snow that is melting on the north and south pole of the earth is happening because of the ozone layer's holes.

Q5. Why should I choose NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Science?

Ans: When you have NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 10 Science, it will be easy for you to prepare for your Class 10 Science exam. As you might know, when it comes to CBSE exams, NCERT textbooks are the holy grail. You have to read them thoroughly from the start to the end. If you want to score well in your Class 10 Science exam, you need to solve each question of every exercise. Vedantu’s NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science can help you with that. They are available on the official website of Vedantu ( free of cost. Students can download the  NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science from the Vedantu mobile app as well.

Q6. Which are the best NCERT Solutions for Class 10th Science (Physics, Chemistry & Biology)?

Ans: The NCERT Solutions for Class 10th Science (Physics, Chemistry & Biology) from Vedantu are the best solutions you can get for your NCERT textbooks. It not only includes the solutions to all exercise problems but also provides an easy explanation of all the concepts. Moreover, these solutions are created by the top subject-matter experts for accuracy. Due to this fact, you will be assured that the questions are solved in a correct manner.

Q7. Which are the important chapters in the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science?

Ans: The most important chapters in the NCERT solutions for Class 10 Science are:

  • Chemical Substances

  • Effects of Current

  • Natural Phenomena

  • Natural Resources

  • World of Living

You need to put extra focus on these chapters in order to score well in the Class 10 Science exam. You can download Vedantu’s NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science to get solutions for all the exercise problems. You can also download it from the Vedantu mobile app. It is free of cost and will help you complete your NCERT textbooks.

Q8. Is Class 10 Science hard?

Ans: Yes, Class 10 Science can be hard for students. But, if you have the right tools and preparation strategy, you can score well in this important exam. To score well, you need to focus on NCERT textbooks, as most of the questions in the exam will come directly or indirectly from them. You can get the solutions for NCERT Class 10 Science from Vedantu in PDF format. With these in your hand, you will be able to prepare properly and score well in your exam.

Q9. What are the chapters covered in the NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science?

Ans: Vedantu’s NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science cover all the chapters of the NCERT textbooks. Here is a list of all the chapters covered in the solutions:

  1. Chemical Reactions and Equations

  2. Acids, Bases and Salts

  3. Metals and Non-metals

  4. Carbon and its Compounds

  5. Periodic Classification of Elements

  6. Life Processes

  7. Control and Coordination

  8. How do Organisms Reproduce?

  9. Heredity and Evolution

  10. Light - Reflection and Refraction

  11. The Human Eye and the Colorful World

  12. Electricity

  13. Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

  14. Sources of Energy

  15. Our Environment

  16. Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

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