Quick Revision Notes on Class 4 EVS Chapter Too Much Water Too Little Water
Chapter 18 of CBSE Class 4 EVS is all about the issues of drinking water we are facing in different ways. It tells a few stories where people are not getting proper water to drink. They have to depend on whatever sources they get. It also compares to the fact that water parks waste a lot of water on amusement whereas villages do not get proper water supply due to a shortage of rain. Too Much Water Too Little Water summary suggests how water is important and we need to save it as much as possible.
Too Much Water Too Little Water revision notes will guide you to understand the context of this chapter. Learn how these stories can be correlated with the drinking water problems we often face.
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Summary of Too much Water Too Little Water
This chapter aims to the real-life problems regarding water.
We all know the world has 72% water, but still, a small amount of water is fit to drink.
Contamination of water with diseases stays a common problem in urban areas due to the low maintenance of pipelines.
Clean water is very essential for having a healthy life.
What to Drink?
A story from Nallamada, Andhra Pradesh shows that a family cannot give water to their guest as the water was contaminated and unhealthy to drink.
The family has no choice so they have to drink that contaminated water only.
These issues stay common in some areas because the administration doesn’t give attention to water treatment.
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Let’s move towards the west, Bazar Gaon, Mumbai, there is a water park.
Children enjoy different kinds of water rides in it.
Every ride there is with water.
The water park had different kinds of water fountains.
Whereas, in the neighbour normal people don’t have water to drink or use in their respective well and taps.
A tanker is supplied to the locals for the water that too was irregular on its duty.
So, we can see the irony that people are suffering for water to drink and at the same place people are enjoying and playing in the water.
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Can We Drink This?
In Mumbai, the high-rise buildings are just situated near the slums.
A news broke out that the gutter pipeline got mixed with the drinking water pipeline.
This created a mess, children in the slums get affected by diseases like diarrhoea.
Diseases because of Contaminated Water
Diseases like cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid, and polio have been linked to contaminated water and poor sanitation.
Cholera: Cholera is a bacterial infection spread by drinking contaminated water. Cholera causes dehydration and severe diarrhoea.
Diarrhoea: Diarrhoea is characterized by the passing of loose, watery, and unformed faeces regularly. Acute diarrhoea is characterized by the occurrence of three or more loose stools per day in a period of fewer than 14 days.
Precautions when getting affected by Contaminated Water
Our bodies lose a lot of water when we have diarrhoea and vomiting.
It is critical that we replace the water we lose from our bodies.
When this happens, we should drink a lot of water. In the water, we should also add some salt and sugar.
When a person has diarrhoea and vomiting, they must drink water slowly.
It is necessary to consume light foods.
If the diarrhoea persists, consult a doctor.
It is critical to seek the advice of a physician.
Oral rehydration therapy (ORT) is a type of fluid replacement that is used to prevent and treat dehydration, particularly that caused by diarrhoea. It entails drinking water laced with sugar and salts, particularly sodium and potassium.
Q1. Fill in the Blanks
If we drink ............... water we may fall sick of diarrhoea. vomiting etc.
The ORS must be sipped ............... by the diarrhoea patients.
The ORS prepared by you should not taste saltier than your ................
When we have diarrhoea and vomiting, we lose a lot of ............... from our body.
The village near to the water park had ................
Ans: No water
While preparing ORS, a pinch of salt is to be mixed in boiled and cooled water
along with ................
When the gutter water got mixed with the drinking water pipes, many people
became sick with ...............
Suguna's father offered the visitor a cold drink because they were not getting
Ans: Pure water
Q2. What was the reason for the villagers making a noise outside the water park?
Ans: The villagers making a noise outside the water park because there is no water in the well and in the water park a lot water was being wasted.
Importance of CBSE Class 4 EVS Chapter 18 Too Much Water Too Little Water
This chapter is a crucial part of the Class 4 EVS syllabus. It will help you realize how the world out there is facing a lot of problems related to drinking water. The stories will tell you how the families are struggling to find drinking water. It also teaches us how we should help each other to get drinking water.
The prime objective of the 4th EVS for Class 4 Too Much Water Too Little Water is to raise concern regarding the crisis of drinking water. Remote villages have to still depend on the water sources such as ponds, wells, canals, etc for drinking water. It causes harm to the consumers. It is also observed that gutters often get leaked and enter the water supply lines resulting in disastrous health conditions in a locality.
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