Basva’s Farm Class 4 Notes CBSE EVS Chapter 14 [Free PDF Download]

Basva’s Farm Revision Notes: Resolve Your Doubts Easily and Prepare Well

Class 4 EVS introduces us to the world of agriculture in Chapter 14. In this chapter, Basva is the son of an onion farmer. This chapter tells us how the farmer prepares the field for onion cultivation. Every section is explained well in this chapter. Understand the context from the Basva’s Farm summary given in the revision notes.


These Basva’s Farm revision notes have been prepared by the subject experts of Vedantu. These notes will help you grab the concepts of cultivation. It will explain how the farmers harvest crops and give you insights to write accurate answers to exercise questions.


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Summary of Basva’s Farm

  • This lesson covers the steps involved in growing an onion crop.

  • This lesson helps us to understand the agricultural process.

  • We will get to know about different agricultural tools, their uses, and their regional names.


Story of Basva

  • Basva lived in Belvanika village in Karnataka, with his family.

  • Every year in July his father sows the onion crop.

  • Basva’s father uses a khunti (an iron rod) to loosen the soil.

  • So, we can see that Basva’s father is preparing the land to sow the onion seeds.

  • For preparing the land to sow any seed loosening the soil is the first step, in the traditional method a khunti is used.


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  • Before sowing the seeds, the soil is prepared. 

  • To improve water and manure absorption, the soil is loosened. 

  • Loosening soil particles increase crop yields by adding humus and nutrients to the soil.


Sowing the Seeds

  • After loosening the soil, the seeds will be sown using the bullocks and Kurig.

  • It is necessary to drop the appropriate number of seeds at a consistent distance.

  • Dropping too many seeds at a place or irregular dropping of seeds will lead to a bad crop.


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The Sprouts Appear

  • After 15-20 days the plants will start to sprout.

  • Along with the main crop weeds have also been grown with the main crop.

  • We need to get rid of the weeds so they don't take up all of the water and fertilizer.


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Growing Plants

  • As the time crosses over, the onion sprouts will grow and become an adult plant.

  • One must take out the onions in time or else they will start rotting under the ground.


The Onion Crop

  • Once the onion is taken out the onion must be got ready for the market.

  • The dry leaves and excess soil should be removed using tools.

  • Basva’s Amma and aunty used illige as a sharped object. 

  • As the onions are ready, they are being packed in the sacks and sent to the market for sale purposes.


Practice Question

Q1. Fill in the blanks


1. Appa planted ............... in the field.

Ans: Onion Seeds

2. The ............... is an iron rod used to dig the soil before planting seeds.

Ans: Khunti

3. Basva lives in ............... village in ............... state.

Ans: Belvanika, Karnataka

4. To have a good crop, it is required to drop ............... of seeds at ............... distances.

Ans: The right amount, regular

5. ............... grow along with the sprouting onion plants.

Ans: Weeds

6. Basva's father is a ................

Ans: Farmer

7. Basva's father is ............... the Field for sowing.

Ans: Preparing

8. He uses ............... methods of farming.

Ans: Traditional

9. He used a truck or a ............... to carry fruits and vegetables to the market.

Ans: Bullock cart

Q2. If the ripe onion crop is not taken out at the right time, what will happen?

Ans: If the ripe onion crop is not harvested at the appropriate time, the onions will rot in the ground.


Importance of CBSE Class 4 EVS Chapter 14 Basvas Farm

This chapter focuses on how Basva helps his father in preparing the fields for cultivating onion. Here, his father prepares the field first with certain instruments. The right time for cultivating onions will also be explained along with the reasons.


Every part of the onion cultivation has been explained in detail in this chapter. Focus on how the farmers prepare the fields following every conventional step. You will be surprised that these steps are different for different crops.


NCERT Class 4 EVS Basvas Farm also explains what measures and precautions a farmer has to take to ensure a proper harvest at the end of a season. Find out how Basva was excited to see the sprouts coming out from the grounds. He explains that the sprouts will dry and become yellow. It is then the right time to dig onions from the ground.


Find out the details of information given in this chapter related to the implements used by Basvas family and cultivation processes using the revision notes compiled by the Vedantu experts.


Benefits of Vedantu’s Basvas Farm Class 4 Revision Notes

  • This chapter is very important in the Class 4 EVS syllabus. Follow the revision notes at your convenience to understand this chapter well.

  • These notes help you resolve doubts and find the answers to all questions easily. Check how the experts have explained every section of this chapter using a simpler language.

  • Find the details of all the cultivation steps and understand the context of this chapter. Get better insights into this chapter from the notes to prepare it excellently.

  • Solve the worksheet provided with the notes to examine your comprehension skills. Find out from the solutions how the experts have compiled the answers.


Download Basvas Farm Class 4 Revision Notes Free PDF

Get CBSE Class 4 EVS Chapter 14 free revision notes in PDF format for your convenience. Refer to the notes and learn about the process of cultivating onion on explained in the Chapter Basva’s farm. Find out the answers to fundamental questions such as the reasons for Basva not able to attend school. Prepare this chapter well and score better in the EVS exams.


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FAQs on Basva’s Farm Class 4 Notes CBSE EVS Chapter 14 [Free PDF Download]

1. What crop did Basva’s father plant in the farmlands?

Basva’s father planted onions in the fields. The time of the year was ideal for onion plantations. He was confident that the harvest this year will be perfect.

2. Why did Basva help his father to prepare the fields for onion cultivation?

According to Basva, his father worked hard every day in the farmlands to prepare it for onion cultivation. He was unable to attend school. So, he helped his father in preparing the field.

3. When did Basva find that the onions were ready to be harvested?

When the sprouts were yellow in colour, he knew that the onions are ready to be harvested.

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