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Walls Tell Stories Class 5 Notes CBSE Environmental Science Chapter 10 [Free PDF Download]

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Walls Tell Stories Free PDF Revision Notes for Excellent EVS Preparation

Last updated date: 16th Mar 2023
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Class 5 EVS has a remarkable chapter about the elegance, architecture, and engineering of forts in India. This chapter has depicted the entire concept in the form of a conversation between three girls and their elder sister. They ask questions and the elder sister answers them all. To understand the context of this chapter, refer to the Walls Tell Stories revision notes prepared by the subject experts of Vedantu.


These notes will offer the concise Walls Tell Stories summary for a better understanding of the Class 5 students. They will come to know the heritage, elegance, and advancement of engineering witnessed in the forts of India. It will also explain why the name of the chapter is ‘Walls Tell Stories’.


Class 5 EVS Revision Notes - Chapter-wise List

The class 5 EVS notes will help students prepare better for their examinations. They are prepared by experts and are in accordance with the latest CBSE syllabus and guidelines.

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Download PDF of Walls Tell Stories Class 5 Notes CBSE Environmental Science Chapter 10 [Free PDF Download]

Access Class 5 Environmental Science Chapter 10: Walls Tell Stories Notes

Summary of Walls Tell Stories

  • In earlier times, forts were as big as towns.

  • To save the kingdom, a lot of security measures were taken by the king.

  • The Golconda fort is one of the huge and nice forts in India.

  • To reach the water from all the places, many clay pipes were laid throughout the fort.

  • We come to know about the people of those times like how they lived, what they used and what things they made, etc. through a museum.

  • The Agra Fort is also one of the huge and beautiful forts in India.


Reached Golconda

Golconda fort


Golconda fort


  • The Golconda fort is huge, has a huge gate, and is built at a very high location.

  • Bastions or burj are round sections of the wall that comes out from the wall in some places.

  • The thick walls, a huge gate, and many bastions were made as a means of security in the fort.


What did we find inside the fort?

  • The Qutubshahi Sultans ruled there from 1518 to 1687.

  • Much before that, in 1200, the fort was made of mud and several different rulers lived there.

  • There is a map of the fort which shows many gardens, fields, factories, and many palaces inside the fort.

  • This shows that not only Sultans but many other people like farmers and workers must also have been living there.

  • The fort was almost like a complete town.


The Sultan’s Palace

Sultan’s Palace


Sultan’s Palace


  • In that time as well, the buildings used to have two floors.

  • There are many beautiful carvings on the wall.

  • There was also something like a fountain and big tanks which were filled with water on the roof of the palace.


Why these attacks?

  • Aurangzeb tried to attack the fort and camped outside for 8 months, but could not even enter the fort.

  • A canon that was used by Aurangzeb was placed on display in the fort. 

  • In those days kings and emperors used to come from very far to capture the smaller kingdoms and make them their own.

  • This was done sometimes by flattery, friendship, or even by marriage between families. And when nothing else worked, they also attacked them.

  • Aurangzeb’s army was unable to get through the big thick walls, also a long deep pitch kept them from entering the fort.

  • If the army tried to enter from the other side, the soldier in the bastions could have spotted them.

  • Wars and fights have been happening in the days of the past. Earlier they used horses, guns, and cannons, in today’s world they use nuclear weapons for mass destruction.


Arrangements for Water

Arrangement of water

Arrangement of Water


  • For collecting water, they built a mechanical setup of wheels that collected the water in pots from the river and fill a tank.

  • This was done by using bullocks to push and rotate the wheels, as it was very heavy.


What a sad sight!

  • The mehrab was hollow and had an echoing effect.

  • The soldiers used to stay in the mehrab.

  • It has seen kings and queens, horses and elephants, war and peace but people spoilt it by writing on the walls in just a few years.


Going to the Museum

Museum

Museum


  • There were a lot of things kept in the museum that were found around Golconda like pots, jewellery, swords, etc.

  • There were small pieces of bronze that were kept in the almirah.

  • There was a blue piece that seemed to be made of ceramic or clay.

  • We can learn a lot about the people of those times by looking at those things. We can know how they lived, what they used, and what things were made of at that time.


Golconda

Map of Golconda

Map of Golconda


Questions Related to Golconda

1. If you are peeping inside from Bodli Darwaza, in which direction from you is Katora Hauz?

Ans: In the north direction.


2. If someone is entering from Banjara Darwaza, in which direction from her is Katora Hauz?

Ans: In the south direction.


3. In which direction will you walk from Bala Hisar to reach Moti Mahal?

Ans: In the east direction.


4. How many gates can you see on the outer walls of the fort?

Ans: There are nine gates.


5. Count how many palaces are there in the fort?

Ans: There are three palaces.


6. What arrangements for water can you see inside the fort? For example; wells, tanks, stepwells.

Ans: There were five baolis and three hauz for water.


Solved Examples

1. Why were bastions made in the fort wall?

Ans: They were built to keep the fort safe.


2. Why were big holes made in them?

Ans: To enlarge the viewing area, large holes were drilled in them. Soldiers could see through these openings and maintain a higher level of awareness.


3. What difference would be there if you were to look from a straight flat wall or a bastion at a height? How would the soldiers find peeping from the holes in the bastions useful while attacking?

Ans: Soldiers were safer thanks to Bastion. It also offered a greater vantage point from which to survey a larger area. It would not have been conceivable if the wall had been flat.


4. How would the fountains have worked?

Ans: A massive reservoir would have supplied water to the fountains.


Practice Questions

1. What arrangements would have been made in the building for air and light?

Ans: Natural light was allowed to penetrate the structure through large windows, doors, and ventilators. These also allowed a large amount of fresh air to enter.


2. Have you seen anything made of bronze? What?

Ans: Yes, I have seen statues and diyas made of bronze.


Important points to remember

  • We should be eager to learn about our past and history.

  • We should have knowledge of our history and cultures.

  • Whenever we visit a historical site, we should keep it clean and not make the place dirty.


Importance of Class 5 EVS Chapter 10 Walls Tell Stories

The beginning of the chapter is in the Golconda Fort. The children were fascinated to see the big thick walls with bastions. They asked so many questions regarding the fort’s impenetrable security system. You can easily find what did the king see going up the wall answer.


The elder sister also asked a few questions to trigger the curiosity of the girls. This chapter is very important in the Class 5 EVS curriculum as it explains how the forts were built back then with heavy rocks.


It explains how water was lifted to great heights. The forts were built on such heights so that the army could spot approaches coming from a long distance. The features of the Golconda Fort are explained well in this chapter.


Walls Tell Stories also explains how big halls, utility rooms, and the entire floor plan of such forts were designed. The fountains at that height never went dry. It is an engineering and architecture marvel this chapter covers. The chapter then proceeds to explain the entire map of this fort area. All the elements in the design and infrastructure of the fort are explained in this chapter. This is why Chapter 10 in the Class 5 EVS syllabus is very important.


Benefits of Walls Tell Stories Revision Notes

  • These revision notes will offer a concise version of the entire chapter in a simpler language. You will get easy study material to revise the chapter faster and prepare for an exam easily.

  • Find the easiest explanations of the architectural features of the fort from the revision notes.

  • Get queries and doubts resolved on your own by referring to these notes. You will also find answers to fundamental questions such as what did the king see going up the wall very easily.

  • Refer to the fill in blank Class 5 EVS worksheets with answers to understand how to frame one in the exam accurately.


Download Walls Tell Stories Revision Notes Free PDF

Get the free PDF version of these revision notes today and make your study material complete for this chapter. Refer to the notes and learn how to frame Class 5 EVS Chapter 10 question answer to score well in the exams.



Important Related Links for CBSE Class 5

FAQs on Walls Tell Stories Class 5 Notes CBSE Environmental Science Chapter 10 [Free PDF Download]

1. Where is Golconda Fort?

Golconda Fort is located in Hyderabad. It is the historical capital of the Golconda Sultanate.

2. How old is this fort?

The functional age of the fort is estimated to be ranging from 1518 to 1687.

3. What were the cannons used for?

The cannons were used to break down the walls of a fort. In this chapter, it was used by Aurangazeb to break down the walls but didn’t succeed.

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