Changing Times Revision Notes for Excellent Preparation and Doubt Resolution
Class 4 EVS Chapter 12 Changing Times is about the experience of an old man named Chetandas. It is about the time when India and Pakistan went through a horrible time of partition. He explains how people had to leave their houses and migrate to a new places to build new habitats. People like him had to go through a lot of hardships to settle down in a new place in India. To understand the context of this chapter, refer to Changing Times revision notes.
These revision notes are designed by the subject experts of Vedantu in a simpler version. This easier version will help you comprehend the situations Chetandas went through with his and other families during India’s partition. Understand the Changing Times summary from these notes and compile your answers accurately.
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Summary of Changing Times
This chapter helps us to understand the basic value of time and how it goes and changes our life.
The Story of Chetandas will help us to understand the time and people around us.
Story of Chetandas
Chetandas was a teacher once, now he writes his own life experiences.
Story of Chetandas has divided into 5 parts let’s understand it one by one.
A Big Move
Chetandas told us about his experience of partitioning India and Pakistan in 1947 when his family had to move from Pakistan to India.
They used to live in Dera Gazi Khan, a Place in Pakistan now.
One day his father told them that they all have to leave the village as soon as possible as there were lots of problems around them.
Chetandas was very upset because he has to leave his home and his village, and his friends and move away.
Chetandas and his family together, his father, mother, younger brother, and sisters took a train to Delhi and moved on.
A lot of people were moving from India to Pakistan or Pakistan to India in those days.
Due to a large number of immigrants tents and refugee camps were set up and people settled temporarily there first.
Chetandas and his family first settled in a big tent in a refugee camp near Delhi.
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A New Home
After some days Chetandas Family was allotted land in Sohan Village.
Together decided to build a house over there and get settled.
They together came up and worked hard to construct the house.
They together made a kaccha house made up of mud, husk, and cow dung.
The roofs were made by using woods and branches of neem tree and keekar tree so that termites don’t eat up the woods.
Most of the houses around them were made like that.
A Changing House
Several years passed Chetandas completed his studies.
His parents want him to marry and get settled.
Chetandas suggested making their house stronger and better.
People suggested they should use cement and baked bricks to make it stronger.
They re-build their house with unbaked bricks and cement.
They built a courtyard as well as a kitchen, they used to whitewash the walls every year.
Chetandas got married to a girl named Suman.
In his village people used to out in the field for the toilet but they made one in their home.
Time passed away Chetandas had a daughter and two sons.
They completed their studies and upgraded their house.
Baked bricks and cement and marbles were used to make their house stronger and more beautiful.
Chulahs were replaced by stove gases.
Seeing New Things
Chetandas’ younger son Montu moved to Delhi to stay and earn.
His son lived in a luxurious place and had renovated their old house of Sohan.
Chetandas was curious about the high-rise buildings he saw in the city.
The Theme of the Chapter
Now as we look, we discussed how Chetandas life changed and what types of lifestyles he had been through and what changes he saw.
Behind every change the main aim was to create something better than the previous one like a baked brick is stronger than an unbaked brick.
Every change is done by human beings in different fields.
Every human has their specialty and can work accordingly like an electrician can’t repair our taps.
Q1. Different kinds of skilled persons are required for the construction of a house or building. These persons are given in the table below. Find out what work they do and fill up the table.
Name of the Person
Name of the Person
Repairs or installs the taps and pipelines.
Installs or repairs the wire and electrical appliances
Constructs or repairs the furniture and woodworks
Plans the construction of the House
Works on loads and cement
Q2. Why should every house have a toilet? Ans: Toilets are essential for people's healthy development, especially children. So is sanitation – which includes garbage collection and wastewater disposal as well as facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces.
Importance of CBSE Class 4 EVS Chapter 11 Changing Times
Chapter 11 explains the experience of an elder citizen named Chetandas. His family was forced to leave their ancestral house in Pakistan and relocate to India. It was not his family only but all the families living in Pakistan had to leave everything behind to reach India and settle down.
They made houses from scratch and settled down in the designated locations given by the new government. They build houses with mud, cow dung, and branches from the trees available. It was a very hard time his family went through to survive.
This chapter explains the sustainable technique of making a house with whatever is available around. He used to like his house the best as his mother and father built it from scratch with things available in the surroundings.
Eventually, he grew older, worked and mended his house. The shape and construction of the house changed in due course of time. Hence, this story is about a changing house and its shapes changing over time.
Benefits of Vedantu’s Changing Times Class 4 EVS Notes
All the sections of this chapter have ample information about how a house is made. It also tells us how the construction of a house changed over the years. It tells us the struggle Chetandas did to change his and his family’s life. Hence, refer to the revision notes to get a simpler version of the context of every section in this chapter.
Find out what he felt seeing new things when he shifted to a new place in India. Formulate answers to all the exercise questions after understanding the context well.
Download Class 4 EVS Chapter 11 Revision Notes
Get the free PDF version of the notes for this chapter. Use it as a reference to solve doubts on your own. Get the accurate solutions for Changing Times Class 4 EVS questions and answers. Learn how the experts have answered them to sharpen your comprehension skills.