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Changing Times Class 4 Notes CBSE EVS Chapter 12 (Free PDF Download)

Last updated date: 15th Jul 2024
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Changing Times Revision Notes for Excellent Preparation and Doubt Resolution

Class 4 EVS Chapter 12 Changing Times is about the experience of an old man named Chetandas. It is about the time when India and Pakistan went through a horrible time of partition. He explains how people had to leave their houses and migrate to a new places to build new habitats. People like him had to go through a lot of hardships to settle down in a new place in India. To understand the context of this chapter, refer to Changing Times revision notes.

These revision notes are designed by the subject experts of Vedantu in a simpler version. This easier version will help you comprehend the situations Chetandas went through with his and other families during India’s partition. Understand the Changing Times summary from these notes and compile your answers accurately.

Download CBSE Class 4 EVS Revision Notes 2023-24 PDF

Access Class 4 Environmental Studies Chapter 12: Changing Times Notes

Summary of Changing Times

  • This chapter helps us to understand the basic value of time and how it goes and changes our life.

  • The Story of Chetandas will help us to understand the time and people around us.

Story of Chetandas

  • Chetandas was a teacher once, now he writes his own life experiences.

  • Story of Chetandas has divided into 5 parts let’s understand it one by one.

A Big Move

  • Chetandas told us about his experience of partitioning India and Pakistan in 1947 when his family had to move from Pakistan to India.

  • They used to live in Dera Gazi Khan, a Place in Pakistan now.

  • One day his father told them that they all have to leave the village as soon as possible as there were lots of problems around them.

  • Chetandas was very upset because he has to leave his home and his village, and his friends and move away.

  • Chetandas and his family together, his father, mother, younger brother, and sisters took a train to Delhi and moved on. 

  • A lot of people were moving from India to Pakistan or Pakistan to India in those days.

  • Due to a large number of immigrants tents and refugee camps were set up and people settled temporarily there first.

  • Chetandas and his family first settled in a big tent in a refugee camp near Delhi.

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A New Home

  • After some days Chetandas Family was allotted land in Sohan Village.

  • Together decided to build a house over there and get settled.

  • They together came up and worked hard to construct the house.

  • They together made a kaccha house made up of mud, husk, and cow dung.

  • The roofs were made by using woods and branches of neem tree and keekar tree so that termites don’t eat up the woods.

  • Most of the houses around them were made like that.

A Changing House

  • Several years passed Chetandas completed his studies.

  • His parents want him to marry and get settled.

  • Chetandas suggested making their house stronger and better.

  • People suggested they should use cement and baked bricks to make it stronger.

  • They re-build their house with unbaked bricks and cement.

  • They built a courtyard as well as a kitchen, they used to whitewash the walls every year.

  • Chetandas got married to a girl named Suman.

  • In his village people used to out in the field for the toilet but they made one in their home.

More Changes

  • Time passed away Chetandas had a daughter and two sons.

  • They completed their studies and upgraded their house.

  • Baked bricks and cement and marbles were used to make their house stronger and more beautiful.

  • Chulahs were replaced by stove gases.

Seeing New Things

  • Chetandas’ younger son  Montu moved to Delhi to stay and earn.

  • His son lived in a luxurious place and had renovated their old house of Sohan.

  • Chetandas was curious about the high-rise buildings he saw in the city.

The Theme of the Chapter

  • Now as we look, we discussed how Chetandas life changed and what types of lifestyles he had been through and what changes he saw.

  • Behind every change the main aim was to create something better than the previous one like a baked brick is stronger than an unbaked brick.

  • Every change is done by human beings in different fields.

  • Every human has their specialty and can work accordingly like an electrician can’t repair our taps.

Practice Question

Q1. Different kinds of skilled persons are required for the construction of a house or building. These persons are given in the table below. Find out what work they do and fill up the table.

Sl. No.

Name of the Person













Sl. No.

Name of the Person




Repairs or installs the taps and pipelines.



Installs or repairs the wire and electrical appliances



Constructs or repairs the furniture and woodworks



Plans the construction of the House



Works on loads and cement

Q2. Why should every house have a toilet?
Ans: Toilets are essential for people's healthy development, especially children. So is sanitation – which includes garbage collection and wastewater disposal as well as facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces.

Importance of CBSE Class 4 EVS Chapter 11 Changing Times

Chapter 11 explains the experience of an elder citizen named Chetandas. His family was forced to leave their ancestral house in Pakistan and relocate to India. It was not his family only but all the families living in Pakistan had to leave everything behind to reach India and settle down.

They made houses from scratch and settled down in the designated locations given by the new government. They build houses with mud, cow dung, and branches from the trees available. It was a very hard time his family went through to survive.

This chapter explains the sustainable technique of making a house with whatever is available around. He used to like his house the best as his mother and father built it from scratch with things available in the surroundings.

Eventually, he grew older, worked and mended his house. The shape and construction of the house changed in due course of time. Hence, this story is about a changing house and its shapes changing over time.

Benefits of Vedantu’s Changing Times Class 4 EVS Notes

  • All the sections of this chapter have ample information about how a house is made. It also tells us how the construction of a house changed over the years. It tells us the struggle Chetandas did to change his and his family’s life. Hence, refer to the revision notes to get a simpler version of the context of every section in this chapter.

  • Find out what he felt seeing new things when he shifted to a new place in India. Formulate answers to all the exercise questions after understanding the context well.

Download Class 4 EVS Chapter 11 Revision Notes

Get the free PDF version of the notes for this chapter. Use it as a reference to solve doubts on your own. Get the accurate solutions for Changing Times Class 4 EVS questions and answers. Learn how the experts have answered them to sharpen your comprehension skills.

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Vedantu's free PDF notes on CBSE Class 4 EVS Chapter 12, "Changing Times," provide an enlightening educational journey that helps young learners navigate the complexities of a changing world. These notes align seamlessly with the CBSE curriculum, offering clear explanations and insights into the chapter's themes related to adaptation and transformation. Vedantu's commitment to quality education is evident in these notes, which simplify complex concepts about the environment and the dynamic nature of life, fostering adaptability and resilience in students. By utilizing these CBSE Class 4 Notes, students not only enhance their knowledge of change but also develop a deeper understanding of how individuals and communities adapt to evolving circumstances. These notes encourage a spirit of curiosity and an appreciation for the ever-changing world in young minds.

FAQs on Changing Times Class 4 Notes CBSE EVS Chapter 12 (Free PDF Download)

1. Why did Chetandas leave his home in Pakistan?

Chetandas had to live in his ancestral home due to the partition of India. They moved to a new place in India and start from scratch.

2. What did Chetandas do with the home before marriage?

He transformed his house to make it suitable before his bride arrives and becomes an intricate part of the family. He used unbaked bricks and made a kitchen outside the home.

3. What did he do before his son’s marriage?

Before his son’s marriage, he used baked bricks to make the walls of his house stronger. The kitchen inside the house got a makeover too.